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Flashcards in Additional Stuff Deck (49):
1

Bartholomew Diaz, in seeking a route around the tip of Africa, was forced to turn back. Nevertheless, the cape he discovered near the southern tip of Africa became known as_________.

Cape of Good Hope

2

Ideas of the Renaissance were spread throughout Europe mainly because of the invention of what by Gutenburg?

Printing Press

3

Renaissance was the beginning of what?

Secular ideas

4

Rebirth of intellectual thought is often associated with what time period?

Renaissance

5

What was the Albany Plan of Union?

Proposal to create a united government suggested by Benjamin Franklin. Occurred in 1754.

6

After the ratification of the new Constitution, the most urgent of problems facing the fed govt was what?

Raising money to pay salaries and war debts

7

What is the name for the removal of Cherokees from their native lands to Oklahoma territory (1838-1839)?

Trail of Tears

8

What court case ruled that the federal govt has ultiamte authority when its laws conflicted with the state government?

A. Brown v. BOE
B. McCullouch v. Maryland
C. Plessy v. Ferguson
D. Marbury v. Madison

McCullouch v. Maryland

9

What case set the precedent for judicial review?

A. Brown v. BOE
B. McCullouch v. Maryland
C. Plessy v. Ferguson
D. Marbury v. Madison

Marbury v. Madison

10

Did the Constitution set to have presidents directly or indirectly elected?

Indirectly

11

What inventor invented the sewing Machine?
A. John Gorrie
B. Cyrus McCormick
C. George Washington Carver
D. Isacc Singer




Isacc Singer

12

What inventor invented the refrigeratior and air conditioning?
A. John Gorrie
B. Cyrus McCormick
C. George Washington Carver
D. Isacc Singer

Gorrie

13

The area of the US was effectively doubled through the purchase of the Louisiana Territory under which president?

A. John Adams
B. Thomas Jefferson
C. James Madison
D. James Monroe

Thomas Jefferson

14

The Louisiana Purchase was an acquisition of territory fro ______ in 1803.

France

15

Expansion of settlers westward and need for more land, agitation of Native Americans by Canadian fur traders in eastern Canada, and continued seizures of American Ships by British all led to what war?

War of 1812

16

With what president is the "Era of the Common Man" associated with?

Andrew Jackson

17

The Compromise of 1850 came about as a result of which state's entry into the union?

California

18

_______'s petition to join the union in 1858 was blocked in order to preserve the balance between slave and free states, but eventually became a free state in 1861.

Kansas

19

Douglas got the 1860 _________ nomination for president.

Northern Democrat

20

What was 1 result of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates?

A. Lincoln voiced his support for the Kansas-Nebraska Act
B. Douglas voiced his support for expanding slavery
C. Lincoln got the 1860 Republican nomination for pres
D. Douglas got the 1860 Constitutional Union party nomination for pres

C. Lincoln got the 1860 Republican nomination for pres

21

The ______________ Act It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

22

The ______ Compromise of 1820 prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´.

Missouri

23

Who was the final commander of the Union army during the Civil War?

A. William T. Sherman
B. Gen. George Mead
C. Robert E. Lee
D. Ulysess S. Grant

Ulysess S. Grant

24

Who was the commander of the Confederate army?

A. William T. Sherman
B. Gen. George Mead
C. Robert E. Lee
D. Ulysess S. Grant

Robert E. Lee

25

Who was famous for burning Atlanta and marching to the sea?

A. William T. Sherman
B. Gen. George Mead
C. Robert E. Lee
D. Ulysess S. Grant

William T. Sherman

26

Who was the Union commander at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863?

A. William T. Sherman
B. Gen. George Mead
C. Robert E. Lee
D. Ulysess S. Grant

Gen. George Mead

27

The principal of popular sovereignty, in which ppl in each territory could make own decisions concerning slavery, was a doctrine of who?

A. Henry Clay
B. Daniel Webster
C. John C. Calhoun
D. Stephen A. Douglas

Stephen A. Douglas

28

Who was very pro-slavery and champion of state's rights, and also served as a VP under JQA and Andrew Jackson?

A. Henry Clay
B. Daniel Webster
C. John C. Calhoun
D. Stephen A. Douglas

John C. Calhoun

29

Out of the 4, who believed readdmitting southern states into the union should be very strict?

A. Abe Lincoln
B. Thaddeus Stevens
C. John Calhoun
D. Andrew Johnson

Thaddeus Stevens

30

Why were radical republicans trying to impeach Andrew Johnson after Lincoln's death?

Fear he would allow rebuilding of the old system of white power and slavery

31

From what region did large numbers of immigrants came to the US in late 1800s and early 1900s?

A. Southern Europe
B. Middle East
C. Northern Europe
D. South Asia

Southern Europe

32

The _________ also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion (the Aeolian processes) caused the phenomenon.

Dust Bowl

33

The _____ advocated government ownership of railroads, the silver standard, and an end to corporate subsidies.

Populists

34

Jacob Riis, Lincoln Steffans, and Ida Tarbell were all _______ of the Progressive Era.

Muckrakers

35

Which muckraker reported on political corruption?

A. Jacob Riis
B. Lincoln Steffans
C. Ida Tarbell

Lincoln Steffans

36

Which muckraker reported on the terrible conditions of tenant dwellers?

A. Jacob Riis
B. Lincoln Steffans
C. Ida Tarbell

Jacob Riis

37

Which muckraker wrote about Standard Oil?

A. Jacob Riis
B. Lincoln Steffans
C. Ida Tarbell

Ida Tarbell

38

Agreeing to sacrifice some freedom for protection is known as the?

Social contract

39

Jean-Jacques Rousseau is most famously known for writing what?

Social Contract

40

The Teapot Dome related to:

A. Improper taxing of sea surpluses in Boston
B. The improper awarding of building contracts in Washington, DC.
C. The improper sale of policy decisions by various Harding admin officials
D. The improper sale of oil reserves in Wyoming

Improper sale of reserves in Wyoming in 1920s

41

Which of these acts severely restricted immigration in the US?

A. Taft-Hartley Act (1947)
B. Smoot-Hawley Act
C. Fordney-McCumber Act
D. Johnson Reed Act (1924)

Johnson Reed Act

42

Which of these acts prohibited unfair labor practices by labor unions?

A. Taft-Hartley Act (1947)
B. Smoot-Hawley Act
C. Fordney-McCumber Act
D. Johnson Reed Act (1924)

Taft-Hartley Act

43

Which of these acts raised US tariffs to historically high levels, and eventually led to frozen trade because everyone was raising their tariffs? Hurt the economy rather than help.

A. Taft-Hartley Act (1947)
B. Smoot-Hawley Act (1930)
C. Fordney-McCumber Act (1922)
D. Johnson Reed Act (1924)

Smoot-Hawley Act (1930)

44

Rugged-individualism mean the people can fend for themselves to make themselves better and didn't believe in direct-belief -- Who is this?

Hoover

45

________ were Dust Bowl Migrants from Oklahoma & the Plains.

Okies

46

___________by Rousseau widely adapted in future declarations about international human rights, formulated in France during the French revolution.

The Declaration of the Rights of Man

47

___________ series of treaties that established humanitarian and ethical standards for conduct during times of war and has been widely accepted as international law.

Geneva Conventions

48

The _____________ Doctrine essentially said that the US would aid any countries resisting communism; this led to the aid to Turkey and Greece.

Truman (1947)

49

Under what president was the Berlin Wall torn down?

George HW Bush - It happened in 1989