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Flashcards in Adolescence and puberty Deck (17)
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1

What is menarche

First occurence of menstruation

2

What is anarche

Start of production of adrenal androgens- precursor to puberty

3

What has happened to age of menarche and adrenarche

It is dropping significantly

4

What is age of start of adrenarche in girls

6-9 years

5

What is age of start of adrenarche in boys

7-10 years

6

What characterises adrenarche

Rise in production of DHEA and DHEAS
Clinical presentation of pubic and axillary hair

7

What does KISS gene code for

Kisseptin

8

What is kisseptin

Protein produced in hypothalamus that increases the production of GHRH and LH

9

How has the modern world influenced age menarche

Despite the age of menarche dropping the average weight of people at the onset of puberty has remained the same suggesting the drop in age is due to an improvement in nutrition

10

Difference in psycological attitude to improvement

Boys become taller and broader which is more asthetic and gives increased status
Girls increase in adipose tissue associated with ambivalent feelings towards this

11

Implications of body shape dissatisfaction

Negative feelings towards body shape encourages desire to weight

12

What is dysphoria

Unhappiness with life

13

Cardinal features of anorexia nervosa

Body weight maintained well below expected weight
Delayed growth
Amenorrhoea
Delayed puberty

14

Psycopathology of anorexia nervosa

Dread of fatness and being preoocupied with this

15

Affective symptoms of depression

Sadness
Loss of enjoyment
Irritability

16

Congnitive symptoms of depression

Hoplessness
Guilt

17

Biological symptoms of depression

Disturbed sleep
Reduced appetite