Adverse events in the neonatal period Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Adverse events in the neonatal period Deck (7)
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1

definitions:
neonate
neonatal period
premature baby
asphyxia

Neonate – A new born baby

Neonatal period – From birth to first 28 days of life

Premature baby – Delivered before 37 completed weeks

Asphyxia – deficient supply of oxygen to the body

2

causes of neonatal death

prematurity and low birth weight
infections
asphyxia
birth trauma

3

common airway problems in neonates

Pierre Robin sequence / cleft palate

Tracheo-oesophageal fistula

choanal atresia

4

breathing problems in neonates

respiratory distress syndrome / transient tachypnoea of the newborn

pneumothorax

congenital pneumonia

meconium aspirate syndrome

5

circulation problems in neonates

congenital heart disease
cyanotic: TGA, TOF, TA
cyanotic: VSD, ASD, coarctation of aorta

persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn

anaemia/polycythemia

6

others

intraventricular haemorrhage
hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy
congenital adrenal hyperplasia
poor feeding
gastroschisis atresias?
twin-twin transfusion, haemolytic disorders
sepsis
CMV

7

legal gestation termination

24 weeks

gestational age for resuscitation is 23 weeks in places but definite over 25 weeks

risks: sepsis, RSD, hypo/hyperglycaemia, anaemia