Aeneid Book I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Aeneid Book I Deck (168):
1

colonus, coloni m.

colonist, settler

2

doleo, dolēre, dolui, dolitus

suffer, grieve (at), be angry (at, with), resent

3

laedo, laedere, lasi, laesus

strike, hurt, offend, thwart

4

unde

whence, from which source

5

progenies, progenei f.

offspring, race

6

Samos Sami f.

island of the Aegean, center of the worship of Juno

7

Argi, Argorum m.

Argos, a city, Greece, center of the worship of Juno; Greece

8

excidium, excidii n.

destruction, overthrow

9

Ganymedes, Ganymedis m.

son of Laemedon, king of Troy; carried off by Jupiter's eagle and made cupbearer to the gods

10

late

widely, far, and wide

11

Parcae, Parcarum f.

the Fates

12

superbus, superba, superbum

proud, haughty

13

immitis, immite

fierce, cruel

14

desisto, desistere, destiti, destitus

cease (from), desist

15

expiro, expirare, expiravi, expiratus

breath out, exhale

16

exuro, exurere, exussi, exustus

burn (up)

17

iaculor, iaculari, iaculatus

hurl, throw

18

noxa, noxae f.

crime, fault, hurt, harm

19

quippe

truly, indeed, surely, forsooth

20

summergo, summergere, summersi, summersus

sink, drown

21

carcer, carceris m.

prison, inclosure

22

fetus, feta, fetum

teeming, pregnant

23

freno, frenare, frenavi, frenatus

curb, check, restrain

24

luctor, luctari, luctatus

wrestle, struggle

25

scopulus, scopuli m.

rock, cliff, crag

26

vinculum, vinculi n.

bond, chain

27

voluto, volutare, volutavi, volutatus

roll, revolve, ponder

28

abdo, abdere, abdidi, abditus

put away, hide

29

claustrum, claustri n.

barrier, bolt

30

habena, habenae f.

rein

31

homo, homini m.

man, mortal, human

32

indignor, indignari, ignatus

be angry, chafe

33

insuper

above, besides

34

laxus, laxa, laxum

loose, free, lax

35

profundus, profunda, profundum

deep, high, vast

36

exigo, exigere, exegi, exactus

complete, pass

37

incutio, incutere, incussi, incussus

strike (into) (dat.)

38

meritum, meriti n.

desert, merit

39

capesso, capessere, capessivi, capessitus

(under)take, perform

40

cuspis, cuspidis f.

point, spear

41

iussum, iussi n.

command, order

42

procella, procellae f.

blast, gust

43

velut(i)

(even) as, just as

44

Africus, Africi m.

(southwest) wind

45

beatus, beata, beatum

happy, blessed

46

duplex, duplicis

double, both

47

frigus, frigoris n.

cold, chill

48

intono, intonare, intonui

thunder, roar

49

membrum, membri n.

limb, member, part

50

mico, micare, micui

quiver, flash

51

occumbo, occumbere, occubui, occubitus

fall (in death)

52

oppeto, oppetere, oppetivi, oppetitus

encounter, meet (death)

53

rudens, rudentis m.

rope, cable

54

stridor, stridoris m.

creaking, grating, whirring

55

cumulus, cumuli m.

heap, mass

56

dehisco, dehiscere, dehivi

gape, split, open

57

Notus, Noti m.

(south) wind

58

praeruptus, praerupta, praeruptum

steep, towering

59

procella, procellae f.

blast, gale

60

scutum, scuti n.

shield

61

Simois, Simoentis m.

river near Troy

62

Arae, Ararum f.

the Altars, a ledge of rocks between Sicily and Africa

63

dorsum, dorsi n.

back, ridge, reef

64

Eurus, Euri m.

(east) wind

65

gaza, gazae f.

treasure, wealth

66

gurges, gurgitis m.

abyss, gulf, whirlpool

67

ibiden

in the same place

68

inlido, inlidere, inlisi, inlisus

dash against (into) (dat.)

69

no, nare, navi, natus

swim, float

70

pronus, prona, pronum

leaning, forward, headlong

71

rarus, rara, rarum

scattered, far apart

72

syrtis, syrtis f.

sand bar, reef

73

tabula, tabulae f.

plank, board

74

compages, compagis f.

joint, seam, fastening

75

fatisco, fatiscere

split, open, gape

76

grandaevus, grandaeva, grandaevum

aged, old

77

graviter

heavily, violently, greatly

78

rima, rimae f.

crack, fissure

79

stagnum, stagni n.

still waters, depth

80

aula, aulae f.

court, hall

81

commissum, commissi n.

fault, crime

82

compono, componere, composui, compositus

compose, construct, calm, quiet

83

dehinc

then, thereupon

84

luo, luere, lui

atone for

85

maturo, maturare, maturavi, maturatus

hasten, speed; ripen

86

Zephyrus, Zephyri m.

(west) wind

87

adnitor, adniti, adnisus (nixus)

strive, lean against

88

coorior, cooriri, coortus

(a)rise

89

detrudo, detrudere, detrusi, detrusus

push off, dislodge

90

fax, facis f.

firebrand, torch

91

fragor, fragoris m.

crash, uproar

92

ignobilis, ignobile

inglorious, common

93

mulceo, mulcēre, mulsi, mulsus

soothe, calm

94

rota, rotae f.

wheel; chariot

95

tempero, temperare, temperavi, temperatus

calm, control

96

coruscus, corusca, coruscum

waving, quivering, flashing

97

desuper

from above

98

efficio, efficer, effeci, effectus

make, form

99

lorm, lori n.

rein, thong

100

minor, minari, minatus

threaten, tower

101

obiectus, obiectūs m.

projection, barrier

102

scindo, scindere, scidi, scissus

split, divide

103

secessus, secessūs m.

inlet, recess

104

sinus, sinūs m.

fold, gulf, bay

105

ancora, ancorae f.

anchor

106

aridus, arida, aridum

dry

107

expedio, expedire, expedivi, expeditus

bring out, prepare

108

fomes, fomitis m.

tinder, fuel, shaving

109

frux, frugis f.

fruit, grain

110

intus

within

111

morsus, morsūs m.

bite, fluke, bit

112

nutrimentum, nutrimenti n.

food, fuel, nourishment

113

scintilla, scintillae f.

spark

114

sedile, sedilis n.

seat, bench

115

silex, silicis m. (f.)

flint

116

suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptus

catch (up), receive

117

tabeo, tabēre

drip, soak, melt, waste

118

uncus, unca, uncum

curved, bent, hooked

119

armentum, armenti n.

herd, drove

120

rabies, rabiei f.

rage, madness, fury

121

fors(it)an

perhaps, perchance, possibly

122

iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutus

help, please

123

apis, apis f.

bee

124

collis, collis m.

hill

125

magalia, magalium n.

huts, hovels

126

stratum, strati n.

pavement, bed

127

sulcus, sulci m.

furrow, trench, ditch

128

praesepe, praesepis n.

stall, hive

129

saeculum, saeculi n.

generation, age

130

saepio, saepire, saepsi, saeptus

hedge in, inclose

131

stipo, stipare, stipavi, stipatus

stuff, crowd, stow

132

foris, foris f.

door, gate, entrance

133

iustus, iusta, iustum

just, fair, right(eous)

134

obtutus, obtutūs m.

gaze, view

135

opus, operis n.

work, deed, toil

136

resido, residere, resedi

sit down

137

solium, solii n.

throne, seat

138

subnixus, subnixa, subnixum

resting on (abl.)

139

superemineo, supereminēre

tower above

140

amicio, amicire, amicui, amictus

infold, wrap

141

concursus, concursūs m.

throng, crowd

142

coram

face to face, in the presence

143

dissimulo, dissimulare, dissimulavi, dissimulatus

hide, disguise

144

incognitus, incognita, incognitum

unknown

145

speculor, speculari, speculatus

spy, out watch

146

venia, veniae f.

favor, grace, pardon

147

freno, frenare, frenavi, frenatus

curb, check, restrain

148

glaeba, glaebae f.

soil, clod, glebe

149

iustitia, iustitiae f.

justice, equity

150

minores, minorum m.

descendants

151

populo, populare, populavi, populatus

ravage, plunder, devastate

152

adno, adnare, adnavi, adnatus

swim, float (to) (dat.)

153

invius, invia, inviu

pathless, impenetrable

154

nimbosus, nimbosa, nimbosum

stormy, rainy

155

occubo, occubare,

lie (dead)

156

procax, procacis

wanton, boisterous

157

temno, temnere

scorn, despise, disdain

158

vescor, vesci

feed on; breathe (abl.)

159

paenitet, paenitēre, paenituit

it repents

160

quasso, quassare, quassavi, quassatus

shake, shatter

161

saltem

at least

162

sin

but if, if, however

163

trabs, trabis f.

beam, timber

164

gesto, gestare, gestavi, gestatus

bear, wear, carry

165

novitas, novitatis f.

novelty, newness

166

obtundo, obtundere, obtudi, obtunsus

blunt, dull

167

pariter

equally, on equal terms

168

tueor, tueri, tuitus

watch, protect