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Flashcards in Afiks Ber- Deck (173):
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Bernama

Named, called

1

Berguna

Useful

2

Berupa

Have the shape, form of

3

Beternak

Raising

4

Beserta

Along with
"Tuhan besertamu." God be with you.

5

Berbadan

To have a body
"Pria berbadan besar itu tetangga saya."

6

Berdandan

Put make up on self

7

Berjemur

Sunbathe self

8

Berbakat

To have talent, be talented

9

Bercermin

Looking in the mirror

10

Berdamai

To have peace

11

Bersembahyang

To pray/worship/bow down

12

Beribadah

To worship

13

Berperang

To be at war

14

Berkelahi

To fight physically

15

Bertengkar

Fighting with words

16

Berkeluarga

To have a family

17

Berambut

To have hair

18

Berbau

To smell (bad)

19

Bermaksud

To have meaning, mean.

20

Berdebu

Dusty

21

Berawan

Cloudy

22

Berangin

Windy

23

Berpendapat

Have an opinion

24

Bernutrisi

Nutritious

25

Beracun

Poisonous

26

Berkeringat

To sweat

27

Berbuah

To bear fruit

28

Berteriak

To scream with words

29

Berbunyi

To make a sound

30

Berkokok

To crow

31

Bersiul

To whistle

32

Bersumpah

To swear

33

Bercerita

To tell a story

34

Berkomentar

To comment

35

Bertetangga

To be neighbors with each other

36

Berteman

To be friends with each other

37

Bersahabat

To be close friends to each other

38

Bersaudara

To be relatives with each other

39

Bertunangan

To be engaged to each other

40

Bersaingan

To compete with each other

41

Berdagang

Engage in trade

42

Berkebun

Own or tend gardens

43

Bertani

To farm

44

Beternak

Animal farming

45

Berburu

To hunt

46

Bersekolah

To go to school regularly

47

Berkantor

To go to the office regularly

48

Bergereja

To go to church regularly

49

Berpuasa

To fast

50

Berulang tahun

To have a birthday

51

Berpiknik

To picnic

52

Berbelanja

To shop

53

Berbaring

To lie down

54

Bergembira

To be glad

55

Berbahagia

To be happy

56

Berterus terang

To be frank

57

Bersatu

To unite

58

Berkuliah

To follow a lecture

59

Berpendidikan

To be educated

60

Bernanah

To have pus
"Lukanya bernanah."

61

Berminat

To have interest
"Saya tidak berminat dengan pekerjaan itu."

62

Bercukur

To shave

63

Berkenalan

To be acquainted

64

Berkesempatan

To have an opportunity

65

Bernafas

To breathe

66

Berjenggot

To have a beard

67

Berayah/beribu

To have a father/mother

68

Bertiup

To blow
"Angin bertiup."

69

Berubah

Change, to change

70

Berisi

To contain, have contents

71

Berbohong

To lie

72

Berdesing

Whistling

73

Berderit

Creaking

74

Bergulat

To wrestle

75

Berdarmawisata

Field trip, excursion, kids in school only

76

Bertingkat

To have levels/floors
"Bertingkat 3."

77

Berbahaya

Dangerous

78

Bermesra-mesraan

Making out or being intimate, can be parents with children too

79

Bersedia

Willing

80

Bergabung

To join

81

Berperawakan

Having stature...as...(langsing, tinggi...)

82

Bertualangan

Having an adventure

83

Berusaha

To try

84

Berkembang

To evolve, grow

85

Bertugas

To be on duty or in charge

86

Berusia

Attain the age of...
Rt: usia

87

Berkenalan

To be acquaintances

88

Bertepuk

Clapping (hands)

89

Berada

To be
"Tergantung pada tempat sy berada waktu itu."

90

Berjuang

To fight in war or struggle to do s.t.
"Dia sedang berjuang bertahan hidup."

91

Berniat

Having intention
"Sy tdk berniat untuk melihat itu."

92

Berhamburan

To escape, or be scattered, many ppl.

93

Berteriak-teriak

Shouting several times

94

Berpindah-pindah

Move around several times

95

Berbisik-bisik

To whisper, reciprocal, repetitive.
"Mereka berbisik-bisik ketika melihat dia datang."

96

Berputar-putar

To turn around several times in the same area
"Pesawat itu berputar-putar mengililingi stadion."
"Ogoh2 berputar-putar di persimpangan waktu nyepi."

97

Berulang-ulang

To repeat many times
"Sy tdk mau melakukan kesalahan yg sama berulang-ulang."

98

Bernyanyi-nyanyi

Sing several songs, sing around

99

Berdua-dua or berlima-lima

Group of two or five

100

Bersusah-susah

Making things difficult, be busy. To make things harder than they should be.
"Ia tdk mau bersusah-susah mengerjakan tugasnya."
"Jgn susah-susah!"

101

Bersenang-senang

In a happy condition, having fun

102

Berlari-lari

Running around per subject's desire

103

Berdebar-debar

Pounding (heart)

104

Bermain-main

Playing around per subject's desire, with toys, animals, or can be unsafe too.

105

Berjalan-jalan

Walking around, or taking a trip around.
"Sy akan berjalan-jalan ke kintamani."

106

Bertatapan (muka)

Staring at each other face to face, reciprocal

107

Bermusuhan

Reciprocal enemies

108

Bergandengan

Holding hands, reciprocal
Bergandengan tangan
Couples usually

109

Bertabrakan

Reciprocal crash

110

Berpegangan

Holding hands
Berpegangan tangan
For kids, family

111

Bersalaman

Reciprocal handshaking

112

Bertebaran

Scattered
Rt:
Bintang-bintang bertebaran di langit

113

Berdatangan

Many coming, came.

114

Berjatuhan

Lots of things falling
"Buah durian di kebun sudah mulai berjatuhan dari pohonnya."

115

Berguru

Act as teacher

116

Bertobat

To repent
"Sy mau bertobat dari dosa sy."

117

Bertebaran

To spread/scatter s.t./many things, usually unexpected.
"Tiba2 angin bertebaran kertas."

118

Bertaburan

To spread s.t. out
"Bertaburan bunga2 di taman."
Butter

119

Berlarian

Many running various directions, or if one subject then focus is on the destination.

120

Berguguran

Only leaves scatter like this
"Daun berguguran."

121

Berdesakan

To jostle, thrust
"Banyak orang berdesakan di antrean itu."

122

Berdekatan

Adjacent, neighboring, sitting very closely
"Sy mau berdekatan dgn teman sy."

123

Berpelukan

2 ppl hugging each other

124

Bermaafan

Two ppl asking forgiveness of each other

131

Berbincang-bincang

Chat for longer, maybe more specific.

132

Bersiap-siap

Getting ready

133

Bergoyang-goyang

Repetitively shaking (usually hips), but can be a result of s.t. Else.
"Di musik dangdut yg asli indo ada bergoyang-goyang."
"Gelas itu bergoyang-goyang sendiri, ada gempa?!"

134

Bersorak-sorak

Cheering

135

Bertanya-tanya

Asking a lot of questions

136

Berlomba-lomba

Repetitive and reciprocal competing
"Ada banyak laki2 yg berlomba-lomba untuk mencapai garis finis."

137

Berubah-ubah

Repetitive changing
"Kenapa jadwal di LA berubah-ubah?"

138

Bergerak-gerak

Repetitive moving around
"Cacing bergerak-gerak di perut dia."

139

Bersakit-sakit

Working hard at life
"Bersakit-sakit dahulu, bersenang-senang kemudian."

140

Berhura-hura

To be frivolous, lifestyle
"Jangan berhura-hura saja."

141

Berandai-andai

To pretend
"Jangan berandai-andai."

142

Berjuta-juta

Hundreds
"Mereka mengumpulkan berjuta-juta tanda tangan."

143

Beribu-ribu

Thousands
"Beribu-ribu orang datang ke pameran itu."

144

Bertruk-truk

Truckloads
"Bertruk-truk bantuan yang datang untuk korban gempa itu."

145

Berdus-dus

Boxes of...
"Mereka mengirim berdus-dus makanan."

146

Berkedip-kedip

Blinking eyes repetitively, winking.
"Mata perempuan berkedip-kedip karena debu."

147

Berlawanan

To be opposite

152

Bergegas

Hurriedly
"Dia bergegas berlari ke arah temanya."

153

Berguman

Mumbling

154

Berpikir-pikir

Think s.t. over
"Sy mau berpikir-pikir dulu mengenai tawaranmu."

155

Berjalan-jalan

Travel, hang out, take a trip
"Kami akan berjalan-jalan ke pantai besok."
Jalan2=informal

156

Bercakap-cakap

To chat
"Sy berhenti di jln untuk bercakap-cakap dengan tetangga sy."

157

Bertahan hidup

Survive

158

Bersahutan

Responding, usually with a noise...voice or singing bird.

159

Bersalin

To give birth

160

Bermitra

Cooperating w/others, collaborating.

161

Berkebangsaan

To have nationality
"Berkebangsaan Rusia."

162

Bersahut-sahutan

Reciprocal responding, usually with noise- shouting, birds, gunshots, hollering info.
"Suara tembakan terdengar bersahut-sahutan sepanjang malam

163

Bertangis-tangisan

Each crying, saling

164

Berpeluk-pelukan

2 or more ppl each hugging

165

Bermaaf-maafan

Many ppl asking forgiveness, repetitively.

166

Berlari-larian

Many kids running around.

167

Berlompat-lompatan

Many kids jumping around repetitively.

168

Berganti-gantian

Taking turns

169

Berdua-duaan

Many ppl doing something two by two.

170

Berhadap-hadapan

Facing one another

171

Bertahun-tahun

Several years
"Selama bertahun-tahun dia dgn setia datang ke rumah kami."

172

Berseru

To exclaim s.t.
"Langsung ia berseru kuat2 'amin!.'"

173

berguling-guling

To tumble
"Mereka saling pukul dan berguling-guling di tanah."

174

Berjasa

Having merit

175

Bergettar

To tremble or vibrate

176

Berterbangan

Flying

177

Bersedia

To be ready
"Dia harus bersedia belajar bahasa yg lain."

178

Berlalu

To pass/passed (for time)
"Bertahun-tahun berlalu sesudah situasi itu, kemudian dia mau pindah ke negara yg lain."

179

Berpenghuni

Inhabited
Rt: huni (penghuni=inhabitant)
"Sebuah pulau yg tidak berpenghuni)

180

Berlayar

Sailing

181

Bertingkat

Graded, gradual

182

Bertarung

To fight, box
"Dia bertarung melawan binatang buas."