AFOQT Nouns 200 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AFOQT Nouns 200 Deck (126)
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1
Q

lore

A

body of traditional or historical knowledge

2
Q

malady

A

disease or illness

3
Q

maneuver

A

movement of a unit or individual to achieve a goal

4
Q

mania

A

abnormal concentration on or enthusiasm for something

5
Q

marathon

A

26 mile/385 yard race. Named in commemoration of the messenger who ran that distance to bring new to Athens of the Greek victory over the Persians in 490 bc at Marathon.

6
Q

maverick

A

a person who acts independently instead of in conformance with common organizational behavior

7
Q

maxim

A

ad adage or proverb prescribing a rule or method of conduct, as in: measure twice, cut once

8
Q

medium

A

means of communication of presentation. Plural: media

9
Q

memento

A

object that commemorates or reminds someone of a past event

10
Q

metropolis

A

very large city

11
Q

milieu

A

surroundings, environment

12
Q

morale

A

state of mind or attitude of an individual or group

13
Q

mores

A

established customs or values of a group or segment of society

14
Q

myriad

A

vast number of great multitude of something, usually implying wide variations within a group

15
Q

myth

A

a traditional story, usually attempting to explain a natural condition or occurrence, often involving supernatural influences

16
Q

negligence

A

carelessness

17
Q

neophyte

A

a beginner

18
Q

niche

A

literally: a recess in a wall for holding a statue or other ornament; figuratively: an appropriate activity or situation that is especially well suited to a person’s abilities or character

19
Q

nomad

A

wanderer

20
Q

nostalgia

A

desire to return to a past experience or situation

21
Q

oasis

A

an isolated place or area of comfort surrounded by desolation or barrenness

22
Q

oblivion

A

a condition of complete ignorance, forgetfulness, or unawareness

23
Q

obscure

A

unclear, clouded, partially hidden

24
Q

odyssey

A

a long journey usually containing challenges or obstacles; derived from the mythic ten-year jouney home of Odysseus after the Trojan War, chonicled in Homer’s epic Greek poem The Odyssey

25
Q

omen

A

a sign or event believed to foretell the future

26
Q

optimum

A

the best possible condition or combination of factors

27
Q

ovation

A

applause of an audience, or any enthusiastically positive reception accompanied by applause

28
Q

overture

A

first step, usually one that is intended to lead others in action or discussion

29
Q

panacea

A

a cure for all problems or diseases

30
Q

paradox

A

a statement that contradicts or appears to contradict itself

31
Q

parsimony

A

stinginess or overzealous desire to be thrifty

32
Q

partisan

A

one who supports a particular cause, person, or idea; in a country occupied by an enemy, a partisan is one who opposes the occupying enemy by acts of defiance or sabotage

33
Q

pathology

A

the science of diseases; any deviatin from a normal, healthy condition

34
Q

paucity

A

scarcity of a resource or condition

35
Q

pauper

A

a very poor person

36
Q

pedagogue

A

a strict, overly academic teacher or speaker

37
Q

phenomenon

A

an unusual, noticeable, or outstanding occurrence that is directly perceived by the senses or by results

38
Q

philanthropy

A

love of mankind, usually exemplified by donations to charitable causes

39
Q

phobia

A

an unreasonable fear of something

40
Q

pilgramage

A

long journey to some palce or condition worthy of respect or devotion

41
Q

pitfall

A

trap or obstacle for the unwary

42
Q

pittance

A

very small amount, usually referring to money

43
Q

plateau

A

an elevated, relatively level expanse of land; also can refer to a leveling off of progress or results

44
Q

plight

A

an unfavorable condition or situation

45
Q

poise

A

calm and controlled behavior

46
Q

posterity

A

future descendants or generations

47
Q

precedent

A

event or law that serves as an example for later action

48
Q

predecessor

A

someone or something that came before another

49
Q

predicament

A

unpleasant problem or situation, usually one that is difficult to escape

50
Q

preface

A

introductory statement or passage to a book, speech, or other communication

51
Q

prelude

A

something that is preliminary to some act or event that is more important

52
Q

premise

A

a statement or assumption from which a conclusion is drawn; given, hypothetical, if, postulate, presumption, presupposition, supposition

53
Q

premium

A

best quality; an amount added to the usual price or payment

54
Q

prestige

A

respect or status achieved through achievement or rank

55
Q

pretext

A

a reason given as a cover-up for the real purpose for an action

56
Q

priority

A

something that comes before others in significance or importance

57
Q

probity

A

integrity, uprightness, honesty

58
Q

prodigy

A

an extremely talented or gifted child

59
Q

propinquity

A

nearness

60
Q

propriety

A

good manners, appropriately respectful and reserved behavior

61
Q

proviso

A

a requirement that something specific is done, usually in writing

62
Q

prowess

A

strength or superior ability

63
Q

proximity

A

nearness

64
Q

pseudonym

A

an assumed name, usually pen name taken by an author

65
Q

pun

A

a play on words that depends on two or more different meanings or sounds of the same word or phrase

66
Q

pundit

A

a knowledgeable person in a particular field; can also refer to a comentator who publicizes his opinions, whether or not he is actually an expert in that field

67
Q

quagmire

A

literally, a bog or swamp that impedes movement or in which people or vehicles could be struck or mired; figuratively, a difficult or dangerous situation from which there is limited hope of escape

68
Q

qualm

A

doubt or unease about some action or situation

69
Q

quandary

A

deep uncertainty or indecision about a choice between two or more courses of action; dilemma

70
Q

query

A

a question or request for information

71
Q

rampart

A

a fortification; bulwark or defense against attack

72
Q

rapport

A

a harmonious or mutually trusting relationship

73
Q

refuge

A

a place to which one can go for protection or separation from difficulty

74
Q

remnant

A

remaining or left-over of something

75
Q

renaissance

A

a rebirth or revival

76
Q

rendezvous

A

a meeting or location for a meeting

77
Q

renown

A

fame or wide acclaim, especially for accomplishments or skill

78
Q

replica

A

an exact copy or facsimile of something, although it may only be proportionate and not the same in size

79
Q

reprimand

A

retaliation for real or perceived injuries; often implies giving back more than was originally received

80
Q

reprobate

A

a wicked, sinful, depraved person

81
Q

residue

A

the remainder of something after removal of a part; usually implies a small amount left, perhaps in a container, after the majority is removed

82
Q

resources

A

assets that are available for use, either material or spiritual

83
Q

respite

A

a temporary break, usually one that brings relief

84
Q

reverence

A

a feeling of great respect, usually religious in nature

85
Q

sabotage

A

deliberate damage to facilities or equipment belonging to an enemy, usually performed by spies or an underground movement within an occupied country

86
Q

saga

A

a long story, tale, usually involving heroic deeds

87
Q

salutation

A

a written or spoken greeting; also can refer to a person’s title

88
Q

satire

A

criticism of someone or something by seeming approval cast in a light or taken to an extreme that makes the subject appear ridiculous

89
Q

sheaf

A

a bundle, usually either of papers or grain

90
Q

sheen

A

shine or luster

91
Q

slander

A

spoken untruth that damages one’s reputation

92
Q

solace

A

confort after loss or disappointment

93
Q

stagnation

A

motionlessness or inactivity

94
Q

stanza

A

a section of a poem or song; a verse

95
Q

stature

A

a height, measured either physically or in respect

96
Q

stigma

A

mark or perception of disgrace or bad reputation

97
Q

stimulus

A

an encouragement to act or react

98
Q

strategy

A

planning and coordination aimed at achieving a goal or objective; a way to get something done

99
Q

strife

A

conflict, disagreement, contention

100
Q

supplement

A

an amount added to complete something

101
Q

sycophant

A

one who flatters a superior in hope of getting preferential treatment

102
Q

synthesis

A

the combining of parts to form a whole, especially referring to ideas or procedures

103
Q

tacit

A

silent or unspoken

104
Q

tact

A

the ability to communicate a message without causing ofense, especially an unpleasant message

105
Q

tactics

A

specific actions used to achieve a purpose or accomplish an objective in military terms, maneuvers by small or lower-level units in contact with the enemy

106
Q

temerity

A

recklessness, audacity; boldness verging on foolhardiness

107
Q

termperament

A

overall attitide, dispostion, or character

108
Q

threshold

A

the starting point of an activity; literally, the line that separates one area from another

109
Q

timbre

A

the quality of sound, independent of pitch and volume

110
Q

token

A

a sign or object that signifies a greater feeling or whole

111
Q

trepidation

A

fear, apprehension

112
Q

tribunal

A

a place of judgment, usually legal in nature

113
Q

tribute

A

a demonstration of respect or gratitude

114
Q

turmoil

A

disturbance or upheaval

115
Q

turpitude

A

shameful wickedness or depravity

116
Q

tycoon

A

a very wealthy and powerful business leader

117
Q

utopia

A

an ideal place or society, usually regarded as unachievable

118
Q

valor

A

courage, heroism

119
Q

venture

A

a project or enterprise, usually one involving some degree of risk, although not necessarily physical risk

120
Q

vigor

A

vitality or energy

121
Q

volition

A

will or conscious choice

122
Q

welter

A

confused mass; commotion or turmoil

123
Q

woe

A

great trouble or sorrow

124
Q

zeal

A

eager desire or enthusiasm

125
Q

zenith

A

highest point

126
Q

zest

A

enthusiasm