AFOQT Nouns 100 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AFOQT Nouns 100 Deck (124)
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1
Q

aberration

A

a deviation from the standard; not typical

2
Q

access

A

a means of approach or admittance (e.g. to an area or organization)

3
Q

accord

A

agreement

4
Q

adage

A

wise proverb or saying (e.g. too soon old, too late smart)

5
Q

advocate

A

one who speaks in favor of or on behalf of another

6
Q

alacrity

A

cheerful willingness or ready response

7
Q

allusion

A

an indirect reference to something else, especially in literature; a hint

8
Q

amity

A

friendship

9
Q

anarchy

A

lawlessness, disorder; a lack of government contol or effectiveness

10
Q

anecdote

A

a brief, entertaining story

11
Q

animosity

A

bitter hostility or open hatred

12
Q

anomaly

A

an abnormality or irregularity

13
Q

anthology

A

collection of writings, songs, or other creative works

14
Q

apex

A

highest point (e.g., of a triangle)

15
Q

arbiter

A

one who decides; a judge

16
Q

audacity

A

boldness

17
Q

avarice

A

greed, desire for wealth

18
Q

bastion

A

stronghold, fortress, fortified place against opposition

19
Q

beacon

A

a guiding light to show the way or mark a spot

20
Q

bias

A

prejudice or tendency in a certain direction; literally, a slant or tilt

21
Q

blasphemy

A

an insult to something held sacred

22
Q

blemish

A

defect, stain, or flaw that takes away from the quality of the rest of the area or item

23
Q

boon

A

benefit or gift

24
Q

brevity

A

shortness, conciseness

25
Q

bulwark

A

strong protection or barrier to enemy attacks

26
Q

cacophony

A

a harsh or unpleasant mixture of sounds, voices, or words

27
Q

catastrophe

A

sudden disaster

28
Q

chagrin

A

embarrassment or disappointment

29
Q

chronicle

A

historical record or listing, usually in sequential, chronological order

30
Q

clamor

A

uproar

31
Q

clemency

A

mercy

32
Q

condolence

A

expression of sympathy to one who has suffered a loss

33
Q

connoisseur

A

an expert judge of the best of something, such as wine, food, paintings, etc.

34
Q

context

A

the words or ideas surrounding one particular word or idea that give clues or contribute depth to the word’s meaning

35
Q

conundrum

A

a perplexing puzzle or riddle

36
Q

criterion

A

standard or judgment or comparison

37
Q

crux

A

the essential point or central point

38
Q

cynic

A

one who mocks or disbelieves the good intentions or values of others; one who believes people are motivated only by selfishness

39
Q

dearth

A

scarcity or lack of something

40
Q

debacle

A

large-scale defeat or complete failure

41
Q

deference

A

conceding to another’s desire or will; respect or courtesy

42
Q

deluge

A

great flood or overwhelming inflow

43
Q

depravity

A

moral corruption

44
Q

detriment

A

damage, loss, or disadvantage

45
Q

diction

A

the way in which words are used by a speaker

46
Q

din

A

loud, pervasive, continuous noise

47
Q

discernment

A

insight, ability to see things clearly

48
Q

discord

A

disagreement, often noisy

49
Q

discrepancy

A

inconsistency or error

50
Q

discretion

A

freedom of choice; also refers to a judicious reserve in one’s speech or behavior

51
Q

disdain

A

arrogant scorn or contempt

52
Q

dissent

A

difference of opinion, especially from a widely held opinion

53
Q

effluvium

A

a disagreeable or bad-smelling vapor or gas

54
Q

elite

A

part of the whole that is considered to be at or near the top

55
Q

enigma

A

mystery

56
Q

enterprise

A

an important project or self-sfficient organization

57
Q

environment

A

general surroundings, either physical or referring to influences

58
Q

epitome

A

a top-level representation of a quality, usually a virtue

59
Q

epoch

A

a particular period in history, especially one regarded in some way as remarkable or significant

60
Q

essence

A

basic nature

61
Q

etiquette

A

generally accepted rules of social behavior and manners

62
Q

excerpt

A

passage quoted from a book or other document

63
Q

exodus

A

departure, usually referring to a group or large numbers

64
Q

exposition

A

an explanation or expounding

65
Q

facet

A

a side or aspect of a problem or situation; also refers to a particular angled cut of a diamond or other precious stone

66
Q

facscimile

A

exact copy or representation

67
Q

fallacy

A

mistaken or erroneous idea, assumption, or conclusion

68
Q

fervor

A

passion or enthusiasm

69
Q

feud

A

long-term disagreement or open hatred between individuals or groups

70
Q

fiasco

A

disaster or complete failure

71
Q

fiend

A

cruel, hateful person

72
Q

finale

A

the last part of a performance

73
Q

flair

A

natural-seeming talent or style

74
Q

foe

A

enemy, adversary, oppenent

75
Q

forte

A

an area in which a person excels

76
Q

fortitude

A

a gathering or place where ideas or situations are discussed

77
Q

fraud

A

deliberate deception, especially an illegal one

78
Q

friction

A

the surface of one object rubbing against another

79
Q

function

A

the purpose served by a person, object or organization

80
Q

furor

A

an outburst of excitement or disagreement

81
Q

gamut

A

an entire range or spectrum or possible outcomes or conditions

82
Q

genesis

A

beginning or origin

83
Q

gist

A

essential content, central idea

84
Q

glutton

A

one who overeats or indulges in anything to excess

85
Q

grievance

A

a complaint made against an individual or an organization; also grudge held over a period of time

86
Q

guile

A

cunning, deceit, duplicity

87
Q

heresy

A

an opinion directly opposed to established beliefs, especially in a religious sense

88
Q

heritage

A

historical family, cultural, or organizational set of traditions, customs and values; inheritance of either real property or traditions

89
Q

hindrance

A

obstacle or delaying obstruction

90
Q

hoax

A

deliberate attempt to trick someone, either as a joke or seriously

91
Q

horizon

A

farthest limit, usually referring to vision, knowledge, or experience

92
Q

hue

A

shade of color

93
Q

hysteria

A

excessive or uncontrollable fear or other strong emotion

94
Q

idiom

A

a regional or group jargon, dialect, or manner of speech; can also mean a phrase or expression that has a differen meaning than the literal meaning of the words that make it up

95
Q

illusion

A

an idea or impression that differs from reality

96
Q

image

A

the likeness or reflected or interpreted impression of a person, object, or locale; the general group of perceptions surrounding a person

97
Q

impetus

A

moving force or starting idea

98
Q

incumbent

A

present holder of an office or position

99
Q

incursion

A

a hostile invasion

100
Q

indolence

A

laziness

101
Q

infirmity

A

physical disease, injury, or defect

102
Q

influx

A

a flowing in of a substance, as of a wave or flood

103
Q

infraction

A

violation of a rule, regulation or law

104
Q

initiative

A

desire, idea, or ability to take the first step in carrying out some action

105
Q

innovation

A

a new or improved way of doing something

106
Q

integrity

A

moral and intellectual honesty and forthrightness; also refers to the quality of a structure or object to hold together

107
Q

interim

A

a period of time between one event, process, or period and another

108
Q

interlude

A

a short feature or period of time coming between two other, longer events or time periods

109
Q

intrigue

A

secret plot or scheme

110
Q

intuition

A

knowledge or conclusion obtained throughout instinct or feeling rather than conscious thought

111
Q

invective

A

insulting or abusive speech

112
Q

iota

A

a very small amount or piece

113
Q

irony

A

a significant and often unexpected difference between what might be expected and what actually occurs; the conscious use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning

114
Q

keynote

A

main theme or idea, usually referring to the main seech at a convention or the like

115
Q

larceny

A

theft, usually small

116
Q

layman

A

regular person who is not a memebr of a particular profession or technical specialty

117
Q

legacy

A

material or spiritual inheritance or heritage; historical perceptions of someone after they have left their office or position of responsibility

118
Q

legend

A

unverified stories handed down from earlier times; can also refer to a person of great fame or reputation

119
Q

legion

A

a large number of people; sometimes historically used as a designation of a military or paramilitary unit

120
Q

lethargy

A

sluggishness, laziness, drowsiness

121
Q

levee

A

a raised embankment designed to prevent flooding from a river or other body of water

122
Q

levity

A

lightness, frivolity

123
Q

liaison

A

contact or coordination between two or more individuals or groups

124
Q

litigation

A

legal proceedings