Africa's Physical Geography Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Africa's Physical Geography Deck (26)
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1

Sahara Desert

the world's largest desert; separates the fertile areas of North Africa from the sub-Saharan region that lies in the South.

2

Coral Reefs

provide homes for colorful fish along the coastline.

3

Escarpment

a long cliff or steep slope that separates two fairly level land areas that have different elevations; the edge of a vast plateau that covers much of the African interior.

4

Major Mountain Ranges

Atlas Mountains; Drakensburg; Ethiopian Highlands; East African Highlands; Mount Kilimanjaro

5

Rift Valley

cuts through the East African Highlands and forms where two continental plates are being ripped apart.

6

Major Rivers

NIle; Senegal; Niger; Zaire; Zambezi

7

Cataracts

rapids and falls that limit the transportation of goods and people from the sea to the interior.

8

Inland Delta

a broad flat area that was used for taxis (transportation)

9

Pans

bases of interior damage that is often surrounded by waterholes that attract animals during the dry season.

10

Cassava

a food plant with an edible root that does well in such a hot, humid climate

11

Cacao

trees that are grown commercially in large plantations; trees that grow pods full of beans from which chocolate is made.

12

Shifting Cultivation

method of farming where new farm plots must be cut from the forest every few years

13

Savannas

a grassy area with scattered trees; landscape periodically affected by fires

14

Why are woody shrubs and dead grass burned?

to make it easier for new grass to grow

15

What are fires important for maintaining?

healthy savanna ecosystems

16

Who are the fires usually set by? Why?

farmers and herders in order to make the land more productive

17

Sorghum & Millet

important food crops that originated from Africa; drought resistant grains

18

Corn

important food crop brought from the Americas

19

Rice & Sugar Cane

valuable plants that are grown where there is enough water; planted in the Niger River's inland delta;brought to Africa from Southern Asia

20

Cotton

grown as a cash crop and a leading export for many West African countries

21

Semi Arid Tropics & Subtropics

Kalahari- located in Botswana and the Mydia; Great Karoo- located in South Africa; Sahel- lies south of the Sahara Desert; Semiarid North Africa- found north of the Sahara Desert

22

Harmattan

winds that blow dust southward from the Sahara Desert

23

Deforestation

caused by a growing demand for fire wood

24

Drought

occurs when rains fail to come and desert conditions

25

Deserts

no rainfall; very little vegetation; surface covered with small stones that are left behind of blown away by the wind.

26

Oases

day palm are grown; springs are fed by underground water.