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Flashcards in Age and Exercise Deck (20):
1

INactivity is the most common reason for losses in ____ capabilities


functional

2

Two types of immobility:

Acute or accidental and chronic

3

Acute or accidental:

-Due to catastrophic illness or accident
-activity is severely limited until medically stable

4

Chronic:

Results from a long standing problem that are under-treated or left untreated

5

Results from de-conditioning

-Multiple changes in organ system physiology that are induced by inactivity and reversed by activity
-Degree of deconditioning

6

Degree of deconditioning depends on:

Degree of inactivity
Prior level of fitness

7

Acute or accidental ( some of the changes associated with immobility)

-Distortion of time perception
-Decrements in some intellectual tests
-Mood changes
-Balance impairments
-INcreased in heart rate
-Greater increase in HR & BP at sub-maximal activity levels
-Lower maximal oxygen uptake
-Loss of lean body mass (gastrocsoleus> tibialis anterior>shoulder & arm flexors)
-Accelerated bone erosion
-Decrease in join ROM
INcreased incidence of

8

Chronic (some of the changes associated with immobility)

-Poorer sense of well-being
-Balance impariments
-Prolonged reaction times
-Increase in resting heart rate more pronounced than acute
-Greater increase in HR & BP at sub maximal activity levels (more pronounced than acute)
-Lower maximal oxygen uptake ( more pronounced than acute)
-Loss of lean body mass (gastrocsloleus > tibialis anterior > shoulder & arm flexors)
-Accelerated bone erosion
-Decreased in joint arm ROM

9

Immobility superimposed on age-related changes can be _______.


Devastating

10

Exercise reverses the physiological changes of ______ - PROM or AAROM is important even in the most immobilized patients.


inactivity

11

Strength training induces ______ strength adaptions that result in an enhanced capacity to develop ______ power

specific

maximal

12

Studies demonstrate that even the ____ elderly, well into their ___th decade retain the capacity to adapt to resistance exercise training

frail
10th

13

It is the _____ of the stimulus, not the underlying _____ or fraility of the individual that ____ the magnitude of the strength _____

intensity
fitness
determines
gains

14

12 week progressive resistance program

80% of 1 RM, 3 sets of 8 reps, 3 days/week with re-eval of 1 RM every 2 weeks
Resulting in more than doubling of the extensor strength and more than tripling of the flexor strength

15

8 week high intensity progressive resistance program:

with rail elderly living in a nursing home increased strength on average by 174% and mm cross-sectionial area by 15%

16

Falling is strongly related to ____ _____, poor balance, postural sway; exercise training as the potential to _____ falling and the resultant disability and institutionalization that occurs often from ______

hip weakness
prevent
fall

17

______ exercise increases the amount of ______ consumed at maximal exercise

Aerobic
Oxygen

18

The extent of change is dependent on the ____ fitness level of the individual and the _____ of the _____ training

baseline
intensity
aerobic

19

Changes occur in both the ______ mm and in the skeletal ______

cardiac mm
skeletal mm

20

Not only does _____ capacity and _____ ability result, but glucose tolerance improves also

aerobic
function