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Flashcards in Ageing Deck (19):

Define Ageism

A process of systematic stereotyping and discrimination against people just because they are old.


In 2000, the proportion of the world’s population over 60years was 11%. By 2050, it is expected to be:



In the period 2000 to 2050, the number of people aged 80 and older will increase:



By 2050, what percentage of older people will live in low-income and middle-income countries?



By 2050, the number of older people who are no longer able to look after themselves is forecast to increase:



What are some factors which could account for the ageing population (7)

1. Migration
2. Decrease in birth / fertility rates
3. Improvements in housing
4. Improvements in water supplies
5. Improvements in sanitation / sewerage systems
6. Improved safety and reduction of injury
7. War / genocide


Discuss the health implications of the ageing population (4)

1. Increased numbers of geriatricians and health professionals involved in care of the elderly will be required.

2. Increased facilities for elderly health care will be required.

3. The prevalence of chronic diseases will increase as the population ages. The end stage of these diseases requires as much palliative care as cancer.

4. Specific health promotion campaigns aimed at the elderly.


Discuss the social implications of the ageing population (5)

1. As the population ages, they will be increasingly dependent on families and/or carers who are also ageing.

2. The demand for home carers and nursing home places is likely to increase.

3. Within local communities, there will be increasing emphasis on providing social activities for the elderly.

4. The role of the elderly as grandparents and carers of grandchildren is likely to change.

5. Housing demands are likely to change as more elderly people live alone.


Discuss the economic implications of the ageing population (4)

1. Finding employment may become harder for young people, as older people being required to work for longer blocks the “top end” of the employment sector.

2. Proportionately less people will be paying into tax and pension funds, making it increasingly difficult to obtain an adequate return from pension funds.

3. Those elderly who have not contributed to a private pension fund may find that the state pension is inadequate, resulting in poverty.

4. As there are more elderly people there is an increased cost for healthcare for the elderly


Discuss the political implications of the ageing population (2)

1. Current decision making and workforce planning must take account of the ageing population.

2. The increasing elderly population will potentially have the power to influence political decision making in relation to their specific concerns.


What are the different roles of a carer (from most to least common) (7)

1. Provide practical help: meal prep, laundry or shopping
2. Keep an eye on the person they care for
3. Company
4. Take person out
5. Financial matters
6. Help deal with care services and benefits
7. Help with aspects of personal care


What are the different types of carers (5)

1. Children / In-Laws
2. Spouse / Partner
3. Parents looking after disabled children
4. Grandchildren / other relative
5. Neighbour / friend


What are the different impacts of caring (6)

1. Drop in household income
2. Having to cut back on essentials like food and heating
3. Financial circumstances affecting health.
4. Missed out on financial support as a result of not getting the right information and advice.
5. Worried about the impact of caring on their relationships with friends and family.
6. Feel society does not think about them at all


Definition of multi-morbidity

The co-existence of two or more long-term conditions in an individual


Options for care (5)

1. Living in own home with support from family
2. Living in own home with support from social services
3. Sheltered Housing
4. Residential Home
5. Nursing Home Care


What legal aspects need to be considered with anticipatory care planning (3)

1. Welfare power of attorney
2. Financial power of attorney
3. Guardianship


What personal aspects need to be considered with anticipatory care planning (8)

1. Statement of wishes regarding treatment/advance directive
2. Next of kin
3. Consent to pass on information to relevant others
4. Preferences and priorities regarding treatment
5. Who else to consult/inform
6. Preferred place of death
7. Religious and cultural beliefs re death
8. Current level of support e.g. family/carers


What medical aspects need to be considered with anticipatory care planning (9)

1. Potential problems
2. Home care package
3. Wishes re DNA CPR
4. Scottish Palliative Care Guidelines
5. Communication which has occurred with other professionals
6. Details of “just-in-case” medicines
7. Electronic care summary
8. Assessment of capacity/competence
9. Current aids and appliances (helps assess current functional level)


What is anticipatory care plans

Promotes discussion in which individuals, their care providers and often those close to them, make decisions with respect to their future health or personal and practical aspects of care