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Flashcards in Aims Of Sentencing Deck (28):
0

This aim, aims to punish

Retribution

1

Retribution does not seek to do thus

Reform or reduce crime

2

Who is retribution unlikely for

Young offenders

3

Each offence has this which determines length of sentence

Tariff or level of sentencing

4

Who produces guidelines to ensure correct punishment for that offence is given

Sentencing council

5

This puts people off reoffending

Deterrence

6

Individual deterrence works by

Making sure offender does not reoffend through fear

7

How does general deterrence work

Puts potential offenders from committing the same crime by overly harsh punishment

8

It relies on publicity as seen in this case

R v Whitton who was a football hooligan who was given a life sentence

9

General deterrence puts other people off because of this

It has harsh punishment and sentences

10

This aims to reform the offenders behaviour so they can re join society

Rehabilitation and reform

11

Who is rehabilitation and reform most suited to

Young offenders

12

What is considered by the probation service in court

Pre-sentence report

13

Sentences given in rehabilitation and reform are

Individualised

14

This aim reinforces society's disapproval of the crime

Denunciation

15

Who is denunciation imposed

Through custodial sentences

16

This aim makes the offender aware of the damage they have causes

Reparations

17

Who are reparations carried out

Through direct re payments to the victim

18

How are reparations to the community made

Through community orders

19

This type of reparation include returning stolen goods to the owner

Restitution

20

Projects can be put in pace to do this

Bring the victim and the offender together

21

If compensation is to be given the victim a reason must be given under this act

Powers of criminal courts (sentencing) act

22

This aims to incapacitate the offender

Protection of the public

23

Under this act an offender can be given a long prison sentence

Criminal justice act

24

For less serious offences community sentences can be given for example exclusions orders as shown by

R v winkler who was excluded from football grounds

25

This type of Order can be given under PoP to make sure offender stays in a place at given times

Curfew order

26

PoP deals with these types of Young offenders

Most dangerous

27

How to remember all 6 aims

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