Flashcards in alcohol and substance abuse Deck (70)
what are the most commonly abused drugs?
most common age group to be affected by alcohol and substance abuse
18-34 but occurs at all ages
what is moderate drinking for men?
Fewer than 14 drinks/ week
What is moderate drinking for women?
fewer than 7 drinks/ women
what is a little intoxication drinking
fewer than 4 drinks per occasion for men and fewer than 3 drinks per occasion for women
what is "at risk" or hazardous use for drinking?
more than moderate drinking but don't have consequences yet
what constitutes at risk prescription drug users?
patients on mood altering drugs or prescription (Rx) pain medications for more than 3 months
what are problems related to Rx drug use
falls, oversedation, drug interactions, overdoses, or symptoms of dependence
Development of a reversible substance-specific syndrome due to recent ingestion of or exposure to a substance
Intoxication even without abuse or dependence, has risks
nonspecific, nonmedical term referring to psychological and/or physical dependence that results in substance seeking behavior
physiological changes that occur with drug or alcohol use and result in withdrawal symptoms when use is stopped
It may or may not be associated with substance seeking behavior
craving or desire for the substance (can occur with or without physiological dependence)
DSM IV described abuse how?
substance abuse and substance dependence
DSM V describes substances problems as what?
A maladaptive pattern of use
Doesn’t meet criteria for dependence
Causes recurrent and significant adverse consequences
E.g., legal problems
Problems at home
Person keeps using the substance despite the negative consequences
A maladaptive pattern of use
Causes significant impairment or distress
Often has tolerance for the substance
Often has withdrawal when doesn’t take the substance
Tries unsuccessfully to cut down
two ways in which substance dependence can occur
1. With physiological dependence (if tolerance or withdrawal are present)
2. Without physiological dependence (if neither tolerance nor withdrawal are present)
what is remission for substance dependence?
Remission is defined as no longer meeting any of
the criteria for substance abuse or dependence for at least a month.
what are the substance use severities?
2-3 symptoms mild
4-5 symptoms moderate
6 or more symptoms severe
what are common causes of death from alcohol?
what increases risk of alcohol use disorders?
childhood hx of ADHD or conduct disorder
what metabolizes alcohol
liver by metabolism, small amount through kidney and lungs
what is higher in heavy drinkers w/ alcohol metabolism?
enzymes for alcohol so metabolism is more rapid
what inhibits aldehyde dehydrogenase?
antabuse (disulfiram) making the person sick
what is one drink of 80 proof liquor?
what is one drink of table wine?
what channel is alcohol associated w/
what should you not take w/ alcohol
depress respiratory drive
what is the leading cause of mental retardation?
fetal alcohol syndrome