Flashcards in All Deck (137)
What joints are responsible for mastication and where are these?
TMJs (synovial joints) fond between mandibular fossa and articular tubercle of temporal bone and head of condylar process of mandible)
Name the muscles of mastication.
Masseter temporalis and medial pterygoid for closing, lateral pterygoid for opening
What muscle prevents drooling?
What type of epithelium covers the mucosa or the oral cavity?
Where in the oral cavity has surface keratin?
gingivae and hard palate
What is the tongue made of and what are the 4 types of papillae?
Skeletal muscle. Foliate, vallate, fungiform and filiform
Which type of papillae is for touch/temperature?
What is the buccinator?
muscle of the cheek
What are the 3 main pairs of salivary glands?
Parotd, submandibular and sublingual
What is the pharynx lined with?
Non-keratinised stratified squamous mucosa
Is the muscle of the pharynx voluntary or non voluntary?
What do the tonsils produce?
white blood cells
What does the Waldeyer's ring of tonsils do?
Defend against pathogens
Which walls of the pharynx contain skeletal muscles involved in swallowing?
posterior and lateral
What do the uvula and epiglottis do?
Guide the bolus away from the midline laryngeal inlet
What is the laryngeal inlet?
Opening into the larynx for air
What type of mucosa lines the oesophagus?
What nerve supplies the muscles of mastication?
Which nerve supplies the function of specialised taste and general sensation?
What nerve supplies taste only?
Which nerve supplies general sensation only?
Which nerve supplies the general sensation on gingiva of superior half of oral cavity and palate?
What is the chordi tympani a branch of?
WHat are the extrinsic muscles of the tongue?
Palatoglossus, styloglossus, hypoglossus, genioglossus
What supplies these?
Where does the hypoglossal nerve exit the CNS?
Which nerve is responsible for innervating the posterior wall of the oropharynx?
Which nerves are involved in the gag reflex
CNIX and CNX
Are the muscles involved in swallowing skeletal or smooth?