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Gr. 9 Geography Exam > All Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in All Definitions Deck (113)
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1

Advocacy group

A group that attempts to influence decisions

2

Agri-food

The business of producing food through agricultural means

3

Alternate lot

A small residential lot integrated with conventional lot sizes to create a fender area of housing that attracts people earning various levels of income

4

Alternative energy source

An alternative to greenhouse gas emitting energy sources such as fossils fuels

5

Annual population growth

Natural increase plus or minus net migration (immigration minus emigration) in one year

6

Aquaculture

The practice of breeding, rearing, and harvesting such in nets or pens in water bodies

7

Bedrock

The solid rock base beneath the soil

8

Birth rate

The number of births per 1000 people in one year

9

Brain drain

The movement of highly educated people out of a country, particularly young professionals

10

Built environment

An area created or altered by humans.

Some examples are high-rise buildings, infrastructure networks, complex transportation systems, and suburban neighbourhoods.

11

Carbon footprint

The amount of carbon dioxide or other carbon compounds released into the atmosphere by the activities of a person, company, or country

12

Carbon offsetting

A way in which an emitter if greenhouse gases can prevent its emissions from increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations by paying someone else to reduce, avoid, or absorb an equal quantity of emissions.

13

Carrying capacity

The ability of an area to support a population without degrading the environment

14

Catastrophic hazard

A natural hazard that affects large numbers of people or the whole world

15

Census

An official government survey of a population

16

Census metropolitan area (CMA)

An urban area with a population of at least 100 000 people of whom 50 000 or more live in an urban core.

17

Certification

Confirmation that a product of a organization meets certain criteria

18

Child mortality rate

Number of deaths children under 5 yeRs old per 1000 live births.

19

Commercial land use

A type of land use that includes any development for retail, service, or office use

20

Commodity

A product or service that can be bought or used by consumers

21

Coniferous

Needle-leaved, cone-bearing trees adapted to cooler, drier environments

22

Conventional agriculture

The production of agri-food that uses synthetic products to enhance the growth of crops and produce larger yields.

23

Crop rotation

A farming practice in which different crops are planted on the same field from year to year to avoid exhausting the soil of nutrients.

24

Crown land

Land belonging to the provincial or federal government.

25

Cultural assimilation

A policy whereby people’s culture are absorbed into the dominant culture.

26

Cultural mosaic

A policy that promotes keeping and maintains people’s cultures, languages, and religions.

27

Death rate

The number of deaths per 1000 people in one year

28

Deciduous

Trees or shrubs that drop their leaves every year.

29

Demography

A sub-field of geography that is the study of population.

30

Dependency load

The combined percent of a country’s population that is under 15 and over 64.