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Flashcards in America 1 Deck (63):
1

James Otis - Taxation

"Taxation without representation is tyranny"

2

Alan Axelrod - Taxation

"Taxation without representation was unquestionably the catalyst for revolution"

3

Thomas Jefferson - Rights

"Unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness"

4

Declaratory Act- Authority

"Full power and authority to make laws and statutes...to bind the colonies and people of America in all cases whatsoever"

5

Declaratory Act Tension

"Combined to persuade many Americans that the English ministry regarded the colonies with contempt"

6

Merrill Jensen, Royal Proclamation

"Defying troops, speculators and governor's proclamations"

7

Samuel Adams, Rights

"Infringements of their natural and constitutional rights"

8

John Adams, Standing Armies

"It is the strongest Proofs of the Danger of Standing Armies"

9

John Adams - Representation

"Voice, Vote or Influence"

10

Townshend - Taxation

"If she expects our fleets, then she must assist our revenue"

11

Stamp Act

"Liberty, property and no stamps"

12

Washington - Taxation

"Parliament has no right to put its hands into our pockets without our consent"

13

Patrick Henry - Tyrant

"The King has degenerated into a tyrant and forfeits all rights to his subjects' obedience"

14

John Dickinson - Townshend Duties

"Compel obedience"

15

Gordon S Wood - Tea Party

"To the British the Boston Tea Party was the ultimate outrage"

16

Lord North - Authority

"We are now to establish our authority now or give it up entirely"

17

Benjamin Franklin - Tea Party

"Act of violent injustice"

18

Tea Party

"Violent attack upon the liberties of America"

19

Ray Raphael - Unity Tea Party

"Some made speeches, others dumped tea; all were included in the process

20

Ray Raphael - Unity Tea Party

"Tea helped unite opposition to British policy"

21

Ray Raphael - Authority, Tea Party

"If the tea were unloaded and sold, Parliament's ability to tax the colonists would be reaffirmed"

22

Hugh Brogan - Liberty

"The plot against liberty that they detected in every act of the administration"

23

Hugh Brogan - Authority, Taxation

"Another question was developing from the old one: not Parliamentary authority to tax but Parliamentary authority at all"

24

Jim Powell - Sam Adams

"Samuel Adams was more effective than anyone else at popularising ideas which inspired the American Revolution"

25

Sam Adams - Tea Party

"Fellow countrymen, we cannot afford to give an inch"

26

Patrick Henry - Liberty

"Give me liberty or give me death"

27

Zinn - Tyrant

"Fear of legislative tyranny"

28

Mercantilism

"It is the trade of the colonies that render them beneficial to the mother country"

29

Virginian Stamp Resolves - Salutary Neglect

"Loyal colony have without interruption enjoyed the inestimable right of being governed by such laws...derived from their own consent"

30

Thomas Jefferson - Liberty

"The God who gave us life gave us liberty"

31

Thomas Jefferson - Tyrant

"Our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury"

32

Thomas Jefferson - Declaration of Independence

"It was intended to be an expression of the American mind"

33

Thomas Jefferson - Coercive Acts

"A deliberate and systematical plan of reducing us to slavery"

34

King George 3 - Coercive Acts

"We must master them"

35

John C Miller - Quebec Act

"Gave colonial propagandists their juiciest plum since the Stamp Act"

36

Gordon S Wood - Coercive Acts

"The Coercive Acts were the last straw"

37

Edward Countryman - Committees of Correspondence

"They created a counter-government on radically different lines, from the old one, took power to themselves"

38

Lord North - Coercive Acts

"The Americans have tarred and feathered your subjects, plundered your merchants, burnt your ships, denied all obedience to your laws and authority"

39

Captain John Parker - Lexington+Concord

"If they mean to have war let it begin here"

40

John Dickinson - Reconcilliation

"Your Majesty's Ministers....have compelled us to arm in our own defence"

41

Patrick Henry - American Identity

"I am not a Virginian, but an American"

42

John Dickinson - Unity & cause

"Our cause is just. Our union is perfect"

43

John Dickinson - Unity

"By uniting we stand, by dividing we fall"

44

Gordon S Wood - Townshend Taxation

"According to Dickinson, Parliament had no right to impose either 'internal' or 'external' taxes levied for the sole purpose or raising revenue"

45

Edward Countryman - Independence

"Some chose independence once they had to, they did not actively seek it"

46

Edward Countryman - Taxation

"The fundamental problem was whether Parliament could tax the colonies"

47

Gordon S Wood - Lexington+Concord

"The countryside was aflame with revolt"

48

Gordon S Wood - Aftermath of Lexington+Concord

"British troops had suffered heavy losses"

49

Joseph Warren - Lexington+Concord

"We will not tamely submit...we determine to die or be free"

50

Edward Countryman - Mercantilism

"Local industry was stifled so British industry could prosper"

51

Zinn - Continental Congress

"An illegal body, forerunner of a future independent government"

52

Edward Countryman - Taxation without representation

"If Parliament could take anything, it could take everything"

53

Bailyn - King George 3

"Considered the crown equally victim of ministerial machinations"

54

Edward Countryman - Sons of Liberty

"A revolutionary party"

55

Edward Countryman - French+Indian War

"But if Britain was victorious in 1763, it was also exhausted"

56

James Otis - Representative Government

"Is he acquainted with our circumstances, situation, wants? No. What then are we to expect from him? Nothing but taxes without end"

57

British Management of the Colonies - Wood

Suddenly in the 1760s Great Britain thrust its imperial power into this changing world with a thoroughness that had not been felt in a century.

57

Proclamation Line - Wood

The new trading regulations and sites were widely ignored

58

Proclamation Line - Calloway

As European nations drew new boundaries in North America, Indians and whites built increasingly rigid, and increasingly bloody, ethnic and cultural boundaries between themselves

59

Boston Massacre - Zinn

This accumulated sense of grievance against the rich in Boston may account for the explosiveness of mob action after the Stamp Act of 1765

60

Tea Party - Countryman

Crowds or mobs or popular uprisings were central to the public life of colonial and revolutionary America.....it was the act of people who wanted to restore or protect something good, not of people who were driven by a vision of change

61

Lexington Concord - Countryman

Marked the end of words and the beginning of war

62

Lexington Concord - Zinn

It was after the military clash at Lexington Concord in April 1775 between colonial minutemen and British troops that the Continental Congress decided on separation