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US Naturalization Test 2017 > American History > Flashcards

Flashcards in American History Deck (30):
1

What is one reason colonists came to America?

▪ freedom
▪ political liberty
▪ religious freedom
▪ economic opportunity ▪ practice their religion ▪ escape persecution

2

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

▪ American Indians ▪ Native Americans

3

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

▪ Africans
▪ people from Africa

4

Why did the colonists fight the British?

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
▪ because they didn’t have self-government

5

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

▪ (Thomas) Jefferson

6

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

▪ July 4, 1776

7

There were 13 original states. Name three.

▪ New Hampshire
▪ Massachusetts
▪ Rhode Island
▪ Connecticut
▪ New York
▪ New Jersey
▪ Pennsylvania
▪ Delaware
▪ Maryland
▪ Virginia
▪ North Carolina
▪ South Carolina ▪ Georgia

8

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

▪ The Constitution was written.
▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

9

When was the Constitution written?

▪ 1787

10

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

▪ (James) Madison
▪ (Alexander) Hamilton
▪ (John) Jay
▪ Publius

11

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

▪ U.S. diplomat
▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention ▪ first Postmaster General of the United States
▪ writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
▪ started the first free libraries

12

Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

▪ (George) Washington

13

Who was the first President?*

▪ (George) Washington

14

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

▪ the Louisiana Territory
▪ Louisiana

15

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

▪ War of 1812
▪ Mexican-American War
▪ Civil War
▪ Spanish-American War

16

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

▪ the Civil War
▪ the War between the States

17

Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

▪ slavery
▪ economic reasons
▪ states’ rights

18

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
▪ saved (or preserved) the Union
▪ led the United States during the Civil War

19

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

▪ freed the slaves
▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy
▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states
▪ freed slaves in most Southern states

20

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

▪ fought for women’s rights
▪ fought for civil rights

21

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*

▪ World War I
▪ World War II
▪ Korean War
▪ Vietnam War
▪ (Persian) Gulf War

22

Who was President during World War I?

▪ (Woodrow) Wilson

23

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

▪ (Franklin) Roosevelt

24

Who did the United States fight in World War II?

▪ Japan, Germany, and Italy

25

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

▪ World War II

26

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

▪ Communism

27

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

▪ civil rights (movement)

28

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*

▪ fought for civil rights
▪ worked for equality for all Americans

29

What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

▪ Terrorists attacked the United States.

30

Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

▪ Cherokee
▪ Navajo
▪ Sioux
▪ Chippewa
▪ Choctaw
▪ Pueblo
▪ Apache
▪ Iroquois
▪ Creek
▪ Blackfeet
▪ Seminole
▪ Cheyenne
▪ Arawak
▪ Shawnee
▪ Mohegan
▪ Huron
▪ Oneida
▪ Lakota
▪ Crow
▪ Teton
▪ Hopi
▪ Inuit