Goverment Flashcards Preview

US Naturalization Test 2017 > Goverment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Goverment Deck (47):
1

What is the supreme law of the land?

▪ the Constitution

2

What does the Constitution do?

▪ sets up the government
▪ defines the government
▪ protects basic rights of Americans

3

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

▪ We the People

4

What is an amendment?

▪ a change (to the Constitution)
▪ an addition (to the Constitution)

5

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

▪ the Bill of Rights

6

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

▪ speech
▪ religion
▪ assembly
▪ press
▪ petition the government

7

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

▪ twenty-seven (27)

8

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

▪ life
▪ liberty
▪ pursuit of happiness

10

What is freedom of religion?

▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11

What is the economic system in the United States?*

▪ capitalist economy
▪ market economy

12

What is the “rule of law”?

▪ Everyone must follow the law.
▪ Leaders must obey the law.
▪ Government must obey the law.
▪ No one is above the law.

13

Name one branch or part of the government.*

▪ Congress
▪ legislative
▪ President
▪ executive
▪ the courts
▪ judicial

14

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

▪ checks and balances
▪ separation of powers

15

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

▪ the President

16

Who makes federal laws?

▪ Congress
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature

17

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18

How many U.S. Senators are there?

▪ one hundred (100)

19

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

▪ six (6)

20

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*

▪ Kamala Harris
▪ Dianne Feinstein

21

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

▪ four hundred thirty-five (435)

22

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

▪ two (2)

23

Name your U.S. Representative.

▪ Adam Schiff

24

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

▪ all people of the state

25

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

▪ (because of) the state’s population
▪ (because) they have more people
▪ (because) some states have more people

26

We elect a President for how many years?

▪ four (4)

27

In what month do we vote for President?*

▪ November

28

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

▪ Donald J. Trump
▪ Donald Trump
▪ Trump

29

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

▪ Michael R. Pence
▪ Mike Pence
▪ Pence

30

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Vice President

31

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Speaker of the House

32

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

▪ the President

33

Who signs bills to become laws?

▪ the President

34

Who vetoes bills?

▪ the President

35

What does the President’s Cabinet do?

▪ advises the President

36

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

▪ Secretary of Agriculture
▪ Secretary of Commerce
▪ Secretary of Defense
▪ Secretary of Education
▪ Secretary of Energy
▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services
▪ Secretary of Homeland Security
▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
▪ Secretary of the Interior
▪ Secretary of Labor
▪ Secretary of State
▪ Secretary of Transportation
▪ Secretary of the Treasury
▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs
▪ Attorney General
▪ Vice President

37

What does the judicial branch do?

▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)
▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38

What is the highest court in the United States?

▪ the Supreme Court

39

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

▪ nine (9)

40

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

▪ to print money
▪ to declare war
▪ to create an army
▪ to make treaties

42

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

▪ provide schooling and education
▪ provide protection (police)
▪ provide safety (fire departments)
▪ give a driver’s license
▪ approve zoning and land use

43

Who is the Governor of your state now?

▪ Jerry Brown

44

What is the capital of your state?*

▪ Sacramento

45

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

▪ Democratic and Republican

46

What is the political party of the President now?

▪ Republican (Party)

47

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

▪ Paul D. Ryan
▪ (Paul) Ryan