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Flashcards in American History Deck (20)
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1

What is one reason colonists came to America?

▪ freedom
▪ political liberty
▪ religious freedom
▪ economic opportunity
▪ practice their religion
▪ escape persecution

2

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

▪ American Indians
▪ Native Americans

3

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

▪ Africans
▪ people from Africa

4

Why did the colonists fight the British?

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
▪ because they didn’t have self-government

5

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

▪ (Thomas) Jefferson

6

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

▪ July 4, 1776

7

There were 13 original states. Name three.

▪ New Hampshire
▪ Massachusetts
▪ Rhode Island
▪ Connecticut
▪ New York
▪ New Jersey
▪ Pennsylvania
▪ Delaware
▪ Maryland
▪ Virginia
▪ North Carolina
▪ South Carolina
▪ Georgia

8

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

▪ The Constitution was written.
▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

9

When was the Constitution written?

▪ 1787

10

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

▪ (James) Madison
▪ (Alexander) Hamilton ▪ (John) Jay
▪ Publius

11

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

▪ U.S. diplomat
▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention ▪ first Postmaster General of the United States
▪ writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
▪ started the first free libraries

12

Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

▪ (George) Washington

13

Who was the first President?

▪ (George) Washington

14

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

▪ the Louisiana Territory ▪ Louisiana

15

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

▪ War of 1812
▪ Mexican-American War
▪ Civil War
▪ Spanish-American War

16

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South

▪ the Civil War
▪ the War between the States

17

Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

▪ slavery
▪ economic reasons
▪ states’rights

18

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?

▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) ▪ saved (or preserved) the Union
▪ led the United States during the Civil War

19

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

▪ freed the slaves
▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy
▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states
▪ freed slaves in most Southern states

20

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

▪ fought for women’s rights
▪ fought for civil rights