Flashcards in American Literature Deck (156)
PURITAN VS PILGRIM
.John Winthorp. . William Bradford
. Massachusetts Bay Colony. . Plymouth, ( on the Mayflower)
. Non separatists . Separatists
. EMERGED IN ENGLAND AROUND THE MIDDLE OF THE 1500S
. AIM: TO PURIFY THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND OF HIERARCHY, RITUAL, CHURCH ADORNMENT, REVERENCING IMAGES OF SAINTS, AND ORNATE CLERICAL VESTMENTS.
. THEY WERE HARSHLY PERSECUTED BY CHARLES I
. SEEKING RELIGIOUS FREEDOM THEY EMIGRATED TO NEW ENGLAND FROM 1620-1630.
. BASED ON THE THEOLOGY OF CALVINISM
. Did not want to separate from the Church of England, but sought religious freedom
. THEOLOGY OF JOHN CALVIN THAT STATES THAT GOD IS A HARSH GOD AND MANKIND IS DEPRAVED FROM BIRTH BECAUSE OF ADAM'S FALL.
. MOST ARE DAMNED DESPITE THEIR BEST EFFORTS
. EDUCATION WAS A RELIGIOUS DUTY
. CALVINISTIC HARSHNESS WAS TEMPERED BY "COVENANT THEORY": THE ONE GOD MADE WITH ABRAHAM
. GENERALLY REGARDED AS THE EARLIEST WRITER OF AMERICAN LITERATURE.
.Early founder of Virgina Colony, Jamestown
. Pilgrim separatist
. "THE GENERAL HISTORIE OF VIRGINIA, NEW ENGLAND, AND THE SUMMER ISLES"
Plymouth Pilgrim Separatist.
first Governor of Plymouth colony
"OF PLYMOUTH PLANTATION"
Massachusetts Bay Puritan
"THE HISTORY OF NEW ENGLAND"
"A MODEL OF CHRISTAIN CHARITY"
The first book published in the English colonies
The bay psalm book
Leader of the Salem witch trials
Is admiration for nature/ natural science influenced Emerson Hawthorne and Melville and Whitman
" PERSONAL NARRATIVE" ( A spiritual autobiography)
"SINNERS IN HANDS OF AN ANGRY GOD"
First published writer of the colonies
" AUTHOR TO HER BOOK OF POEMS
"TO MY DEAR HUSBAND" ( "If two were ever one then surely we...")
. Early European settlers of the Plymouth Colony
. Believed similarly as the Puritan Calvinists, except they insisted on being separate from the church of England
. First were in the holland and they form a colony in America: Jamestown, Virginia.
"THE NARRATIVE OF THE CAPTIVITY AND RESTORATION OF MARY ROWLANDSON"
wrote with conceits/metaphysical style
medical doctor and pastor
"HUSWIFERY" ('...Make me, o Lord, thy spinning wheele complete...")
"The Way to Wealth"
"M' FINGAL" (" When yankis skill'd in martial rule...")
.First important black writer
" ON BEING BROUGHT FROM AFRICA" ("twas mercy brought me from my pagan land...")
a puritan who founded the colony of Rhode Island
ALVAR NUNEZ CABEZA DE VACA
SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN
pioneer of the new france ( Canada)
"BRIEF AND FREE REPORT OF THE NEW FOUNDLAND OF VIRGINIA
A Mohegan native American
"A SHORT NARRATIVE OF MY LIFE"
THOMAS PAINE (Quaker)
"THE RIGHTS OF MAN"
"THE AGE OF REASON"
a pamphlet of the desire for the colonies to declare independence
THE FEDERALIST PAPERS
" To the people of the state of New York"
The first of the romantic writers ( molding national literature)
RIP VAN WINKLE
LEGEND OF SLEEPY HOLLOW
SALMAGUNDI ( the name GOTHAM for NYC is coined)
A HISTORY OF NEW YORK ( HIS ALIAS -KNICKERBOCKER)
JAMES FENIMORE COOPER
THE LEATHER STOCKINGS SERIES ( Natty Bumpp is the main character in each)
a) THE DEERSLAYER
THOMAS BANG THORPE
THE BIG BEAR OF ARKANSAS ( character Jim Doggett)
THE MASTER'S HOUSE
THE FIRESIDE POETS
. aka Household poets/Schoolroom Poets
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
William Cullen Bryant
John Greenleaf Whittier
James Russell Lowell
Oliver Wendell Holmes
William Cullen Bryant
...Yet not to thine eternal resting-place
Shalt thou retire alone, nor couldst thou wish Couch more magnificent. Thou shalt lie down With patriarchs of the infant world—with kings, The powerful of the earth—the wise, the good, Fair forms, and hoary seers of ages past,
All in one mighty sepulchre
Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr.
“Daily Trials By a Sensitive Man”
...Storms, thunders, waves!
Howl, crash, and bellow till ye get your fill; Ye sometimes rest; men never can be still But in their graves.