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Flashcards in Terms And Devices Deck (36)
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1

Foot

A measuring unit of poetry, which is made up of a stressed and a least one unstressed syllable.
Stressed ( vertical line ('))
Unstressed (x)
Combination of feet creates a meter in poetry

2

Iamb foot

A foot containing a short Unstressed followed by a long stressed syllable (x, ') in a single line. delay


An iambic pentameter are five iamb feet in a single line

An iambic hexameter are six( alexandrine)

3

Trochee

Stressed and unstressed (',x)
Consisted of one long stress and one short one
( running)

4

Pyrrhus

2 unaccented short syllables

5

Spondee

2 stressed syllables ('')
2 long stressed syllables
(Pouring)

6

Anapaest

3 syllables: 2 syllables are short and unstressed followed a long and stressed one
XX'
(Strike back)

7

Dactyl

Consists of three syllables with the first is stressed and the last two are unstressed

' x x

8

Assonance

Repetition of vowel sounds

9

Alliteration

Repetition of initial consonants in consecutive words in a word close together

10

Expository

Writing with the primary purpose of informing,clarifying, or explaining

11

Satire

Literary form that ridicules human vices

12

Mode

A literary method or style of writing.
E.g. Realism,romanticism, satire, expository

13

Motif

A object, concept or structure repeated in a literary work, thereby giving it symbolic significance in the story

14

Irony

Discrepancy between what is said or done and what is meant

16

Prose

The most common form of written language following natural speech patterns and grammatical structure.

Unmetered unrhymed language

17

Onomatopoeia

Use of a word that suggests or mimics its meaning through sound, such as roar or whistle .

18

Phonic

Pertaining to sound of speech

19

Realism

Delivering subject from third-person objective point of view with no added interpretation or elaboration.
A literary technique to describe story elements, such as setting, characters, themes, etc without using elaborate imagery or figurative language such as metaphors or simile

20

Romanticism

An artistic and literary movement originating in the second half of the eighteenth century in Europe, emphasizing emotions, idealism, adventure, and chivalry.

21

Impressionism

Subjective or personal literary style that relies on associations;

Intentionally ambiguous placing more responsibility on the reader to form his or her own conclusions about events in the novel, rather than relying on the narrator.
Describe the action through the eyes of the characters as they happen
Concerned with the emotional landscape of the setting
Often avoid a chronological telling of events

22

Naturalism

A form of extreme realism
Writing based on the idea that environment determines and governs human character.

Takes cue from Darwin theory of evolution: survival of the fittest for that environment.
Writers use scientific techniques to depict human beings as objective and impartial characters
Environment determines the characters actions ( predetermined)while in realism the the characters decision come from their response to an event ( they have a choice)

Pessimistic

23

Neoclassicism

Concerned with order, accuracy, and structure.
A return to the classic literature of the Greeks
Moral appearance was valued
From 1660-1780 ( Augustan period)
Use of satire and irony, parody

24

Climax

Turning point in a story; the point where the main character experiences a change, and the action stops building and begins falling.

25

Freytags pyramid

Introduction/Exposition
Complicatio
Rising action
Climax
Falling action
Denouement
Conclusion

26

Rising action

Introduction of conflict into the plot, bringing tension that continues throughout the storyline.

27

Falling action

Moment following the climax where the conflict between the protagonist and the antagonist is resolved.

28

Denouement

The conclusion of a story; includes the events between the falling action and the last scene of a narrative or drama.

29

Complication

Element introduced into the plot to alter its course.

30

Protagonist

Main character in a literary work; literally, one who struggles toward or for something .

31

Antagonist

The one who struggles against or contends with the protagonist; the antagonist may be another individual or an obstacle or challenge, such as fear or death.