American Revolutionary War (Topic 3.5) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in American Revolutionary War (Topic 3.5) Deck (22)
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1
Q

First Continental Congress

A

Meeting of the colonies in 1774 that discussed the threats to the America liberties.

2
Q

What did most Americans believe?

A

They didn’t want independence; wanted to go back to the relationship that had with the Crown prior to the Seven Years’ War

3
Q

Who did not attend the First Continental Congress?

A

Georgia

4
Q

What were the four sides of the Continental Congress?

A

Radicals, Moderates, Conservatives, and Loyalists

5
Q

Suffolk Resolves

A

Created during the First Congress; it was a statement that called for repeal of the intolerable acts; the colonies could rebel by boycotting British goods and military making

6
Q

The Declaration and Resolves

A

During the Congress, created to urge the King to restore colonial rights; moderates were willing to recognize Parliament’s authority to regulate commerce

7
Q

Continental Association

A

A network of committees that enforced economic sanctions of the Suffolk Resolves

8
Q

What did Britain decided after the First Continental Congress?

A

They denied the actions that congress took; the Congress met up again less than a year later; the war officially began

9
Q

Battle of Lexington and Concord

A

First battle of the revolution; in attempt to gain military resources, British were attacked in Concord and suffered; Americans were forced to retreat under heavy British fire

10
Q

What were the two sides of the Second Continental Congress of 1775?

A

One side believed in declaring independence; the other wanted to negotiate new relationships with Britain

11
Q

Declaration of Causes and Necessities for Taking Up Arms

A

Adapted during the second continental congress, it called on colonies to provide troops for war

12
Q

Olive Branch Petition

A

Sent by the delegates pledging their loyalty to the King and asking for peace and rights in return; King dismissed them anyways

13
Q

Prohibitory Acts

A

Parliament’s response to the “OBP” which removed colonies from the protection of the Crown, barred trade with them, and seized their ships at sea.

14
Q

What were the competing sides in the war?

A

The British; Patriots; African Americans; Tories; American Indians

15
Q

Why were the British the top pick for winning the war?

A

They had resources, experience, and economy

16
Q

Patriots

A

American troops (mainly form New England) ; they were unequipped, short of supplies, and rarely paid; these didn’t hold them back

17
Q

African Americans in the war

A

Patriots initially denied them access to fight, so the British offered them freedom if they fought with them, so the Patriots made the same offer

18
Q

Tories

A

Mostly known as Loyalists, who fought with the Crown

19
Q

American Indians in the war

A

they didn’t want to be apart of it but considering the British support against colonial attacks and more land, they helped the British

20
Q

What happened to American port colonies?

A

The British occupied New York and Philadelphia causing their economy to decline

21
Q

Battle of Saratoga

A

The battle sparked France wanting to secretly help the Americans because they wanted to defeated the British; Holland and Spain soon joined the alliance too

21
Q

Treaty of Paris

A
  1. British would recognize and independent America
  2. Mississppi River would be a Western boundary
  3. Americans gained fishing rights off the coast of Canada
  4. Americans would pay debt to the British and honor Loyalistic property claims