Articles of Confederation (Topic 3.7) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Articles of Confederation (Topic 3.7) Deck (11)
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1
Q

Articles of Confederation

A

A document written during the Second Continental Congress to form a central government between the 13 colonies

2
Q

How many states each wrote new Constitutions?

A

Ten

3
Q

Two sides to writing the Constitution

A

Conservatives: concerned for law and order
Liberals: centered around individual rights

4
Q

What were the common features in each Constitution?

A

List of Rights: right to a jury trial/religious freedom
Separation of Powers: government was divided into 3 branches
Voting: only white men who owned property could vote
Office-holding: only run if you had higher property qualifications than voters

5
Q

Why were the Articles delayed during ratification?

A

There was a dispute between American Indian land ownership; once settled they were ratified

6
Q

What kinds of government was under the Articles of Confederation?

A

A central government with one Congress (unicameral); they could wage wars, make treaties, send representatives, and borrow money; not power to collect taxes or reguate commerce

7
Q

How durable was the government?

A

It was weak

8
Q

Land Ordinance of 1785

A

A policy that set aside one square-mile of land in every 36 square-mile townships for education in the Western lands

9
Q

Northwestern Ordinance of 1787

A

For large territory between the Great Lakes and Ohio River, there was limited self-governance in the territory and the prohibition of slavery

10
Q

Weaknesses of the Articles

A
  1. European nations had little respect for the U.S due to their incapability of accomplishing statements in the treaty or defending themselves in crisis
  2. No taxing powers meant no money available for national needs
  3. 13 colonies rivaled in economic competition; tariffs on goods that crossed state liness
11
Q

Shay’s Rebellion

A

Farmer Shay led an uprising against unjustifiable rulings such as high state taxes, imprisonment for debt, and lack of paper money; in attempt to seize weapons Shay’s rebellion broke