An - Joint Movement and Anatomical Directions Flashcards Preview

Final - Western Segment > An - Joint Movement and Anatomical Directions > Flashcards

Flashcards in An - Joint Movement and Anatomical Directions Deck (46):
1

Abduction

Away from midline

2

Adduction

Towards midline

3

agonist

prime mover

creates motion

4

antagonist

opposes agonist

slows motion

5

anterior

front

6

circumduction

circular movement of limb

7

depression

moving inferiorly / downward

re: temporalmandibular and scapulothoracic joints

8

distal

away from the trunk

re: limbs

9

elevation

moving superiorly / upward

re: temperomandibular and scapulothoracic joints

10

extension

movement that straightens a joint

11

flexion

movement that bends a joint

12

horizontal abduction

moving away from the midline in the transverse plane

re: glenohumeral joint

13

horizontal adduction

moving toward the midline in the transverse plane

re: glenohumoral joint

14

insertion

Also name the characteristics

muscle attachment site

Characteristics:

distal

movable

lateral

15

lateral flexion

bending to the side

i.e. neck bend to side (ear to shoulder)

16

medial

closer to the midline

17

origin

Also name the characteristics

where muscle begins

Characteristics:

proximal

stable

medial

18

posterior

back

19

proximal

towards the trunk

re: limbs

20

pronation

facing down

(palm facing table/behind)

21

rotation

turning on axis

re: neck and vertebral column

22

supination

facing up

(palm facing forward/sky)

23

synergist

muscle that works in conjunction w another muscle to create movement

24

Away from midline

Abduction

25

Towards midline

Adduction

26

prime mover

creates motion

agonist

27

opposes agonist

slows motion

antagonist

28

front

anterior

29

circular movement of limb

circumduction

30

moving inferiorly / downward

re: temporalmandibular and scapulothoracic joints

depression

31

away from the trunk

re: limbs

distal

32

moving superiorly / upward

re: temperomandibular and scapulothoracic joints

elevation

33

movement that straightens a joint

extension

34

movement that bends a joint

flexion

35

moving away from the midline in the transverse plane

re: glenohumeral joint

horizontal abduction

36

moving toward the midline in the transverse plane

re: glenohumoral joint

horizontal adduction

37

muscle attachment site

Characteristics:

distal

movable

lateral

insertion

Also name the characteristics

38

bending to the side

i.e. neck bend to side (ear to shoulder)

lateral flexion

39

closer to the midline

medial

40

where muscle begins

Characteristics:

proximal

stable

medial

origin

Also name the characteristics

41

back

posterior

42

towards the trunk

re: limbs

proximal

43

facing down

(palm facing table/behind)

pronation

44

turning on axis

re: neck and vertebral column

rotation

45

facing up

(palm facing forward/sky)

supination

46

muscle that works in conjunction w another muscle to create movement

synergist