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Final - Western Segment > Phys - Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phys - Definitions Deck (48):
1

adhesion

abnormal union of bodily tissues

(i.e. a knot)

2

alveoli

air sacs of the lung where gas exchange takes place

millions of sacs make up the lungs

3

anemia

deficiency of red blood cells

4

artery

carry  blood away from the heart

Characteristics:

thick walls

rounded lumen

no valves

pulsations

5

arterioles

smallest branches of arteries

6

arthro

joint

7

ATP

(adenosine triphosphate)

supplies muscles w energy

8

DNA

(deoxyribonucleic acid)

material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics

9

emphysema

disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing difficult

10

glycogen

form of glucose stored in the liver

used for quick energy, but results in muscle fatigue

11

hemoglobin

iron-contained protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells

12

interstitial

space between cells/tissue/stuff in the body

13

lactic acid

waste prodeuct produced during the anaerobic metabolism of glucose

contributes to muscle fatigue during exertion and development of oxygen debt

14

ligament

connects bone to bone

15

lymph

fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system

16

myositis

inflammation of muscle tissue

17

peristalisis

contraction of smooth muscle tissue to propel food/chyme through digestive tract

18

plasma

fluid portion of blood consisting of a pale yellowish fluid containing proteins, salts, and other substances

19

scoliosis

lateral S-curve in the spine

20

synovial fluid

viscous fluid found in the cavities of synovial joints

act as friction reducers between the articular cartilage of the joint

21

tendonitis

inflammation of a tendon

22

tendon

connects muscle to bone

("tend"er muscle)

23

vein

carries blood back to heart

Characteristics:

thin walls

oval/collapsed lumen

valves

24

venule

smallest branch of a vein

25

abnormal union of bodily tissues

(i.e. a knot)

adhesion

26

air sacs of the lung where gas exchange takes place

millions of sacs make up the lungs

alveoli

27

deficiency of red blood cells

anemia

28

carry  blood away from the heart

Characteristics:

thick walls

rounded lumen

no valves

pulsations

artery

29

smallest branches of arteries

arterioles

30

joint

arthro

31

supplies muscles w energy

ATP

(adenosine triphosphate)

32

material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics

DNA

(deoxyribonucleic acid)

33

disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing difficult

emphysema

34

form of glucose stored in the liver

used for quick energy, but results in muscle fatigue

glycogen

35

iron-contained protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells

hemoglobin

36

space between cells/tissue/stuff in the body

interstitial

37

waste prodeuct produced during the anaerobic metabolism of glucose

contributes to muscle fatigue during exertion and development of oxygen debt

lactic acid

38

connects bone to bone

ligament

39

fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system

lymph

40

inflammation of muscle tissue

myositis

41

contraction of smooth muscle tissue to propel food/chyme through digestive tract

peristalisis

42

fluid portion of blood consisting of a pale yellowish fluid containing proteins, salts, and other substances

plasma

43

lateral S-curve in the spine

scoliosis

44

viscous fluid found in the cavities of synovial joints

act as friction reducers between the articular cartilage of the joint

synovial fluid

45

inflammation of a tendon

tendonitis

46

connects muscle to bone

("tend"er muscle)

tendon

47

carries blood back to heart

Characteristics:

thin walls

oval/collapsed lumen

valves

vein

48

smallest branch of a vein

venule