Anatomical position, planes and movement Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomical position, planes and movement Deck (12)
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1

Describe the Anatomical position

- Standing
- Eyes facing forward
- Palms facing anteriorly
- Arms at side
- Feet together with toes facing anteriorly

2

Name and describe the three planes.

Saggital plane- Equal divide separating the left and right side of the body. (also para-saggital, parallel to the saggital plane)
Coronal- Equal divide between the posterior and anterior of the body
Axial- Dividing the superior and inferior parts of the body

3

What is the difference between the terms medial and lateral?

Medial is more towards the midline of the body whereas lateral is used to describe any limb pointing away from the body.

4

What are the two other terms for anterior and posterior?

Verstral- Anterior
Dorsal- Posterior

5

What do flexion and extension describe in terms of movement?

Flexion describes a decrease in the angle between limbs.
Extension describes the angle increasing between limbs

6

Name the two movements associated with the ankle

Dorsi- Moving ankle toward the leg
Planteflexion- Moving ankle downwards away from the leg

7

What word describes the movement of a limb away from the body?

Abduction

8

What word describes the movement of a limb towards the body

Adducation

9

What term describes multiple movements in unison to form a rotation?

Circumduction

10

What does pronation and suppernation mean?

Pronation describes the rotation of the palms to face down.
Suppernation describes the rotation of the palms to face up

11

What does Eversion and inversion describe?

Eversion describes the soul of the foot pointing laterally and inversion describes the soul of the foot pointing medially

12

What is the difference between the proximal and distal points of a limb?

The proximal point is the point where the limb is attached to the body.
The distal point is the free end.