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Flashcards in Anatomical Positions Deck (20)
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1

ANTERIOR

 

1. The terms anterior and superior refer to a body part or organ being in front of or behind another respectively.

2

POSTERIOR

 

1. The terms anterior and superior refer to a body part or organ being in front of or behind another respectively.

3

VENTRAL

 

2. The terms ventral and dorsal refers to something being towards the front of the body or towards the back of the body.

4

DORSAL

 

2. The terms ventral and dorsal refers to something being towards the front of the body or towards the back of the body.

5

CORONAL

 

1. The coronal plane, which divides the body into front and back parts.

6

SAGITAL

 

2. The sagittal plane, which divides the body into left and right parts.

7

TRANSVERSE

 

3. The transverse plane, which is a horizontal plane dividing the body into inferior and superior parts.

8

RIGHT

 

8. In reference to something situated on the right side. 
 

9

LEFT


8. In reference to something situated on the left side. 
 

10

SUPERIOR


10. Superior means towards the top of the head.

11

INFERIOR

 

10. Inferior means towards the feet.

12

LATERAL 

 

7. Lateral means towards the side of the body.
 

13

MEDIAL

 

7. Medial meanS towards the median of the body.
 

14

PROXIMAL


4. Proximal indicates that the body part is closer to the point of origin or to the trunk of the body.

 

15

DISTAL

 

3. Distal is used to denote that a body part is further away from the point of origin or from the trunk of the body 
 

16

MEDIAN

 

6. The term median refers to an imaginary line that runs vertically through the center of the body, dividing the body into two equal parts.

17

EXTERNAL or SUPERFICIAL

 

11. External or superficial means towards the surface.

18

INTERNAL or DEEP

 

11. The term internal is sometimes used interchangeably with the word deep and means away from the surface of the body.

19

ROSTRAL

 

5. Rostral describes the position in reference to the brain. That is, Rostral means towards the front of the brain.

20

CAUDAL

 

5. Caudal describes the position in reference to the brain. That is, Caudal means towards the back of the brain.