Anatomical Relationships and Fill-in-the-blanks Flashcards Preview

Unit III: Head and Neck > Anatomical Relationships and Fill-in-the-blanks > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomical Relationships and Fill-in-the-blanks Deck (200):
1

A facial artery pulse may be taken where this artery passes directly _________ to the body of the mandible.

lateral

2

After emerging from the parotid gland, the zygomatic, buccal and marginal mandibular branches of the facial nerve pass ________ to the masseter.

lateral

3

The parotid duct passes ______ and then________ to the masseter.

lateral, anterior

4

The phrenic nerve and ascending cervical artery are positioned directly ________ to the anterior scalene muscle.

anterior

5

The external carotid artery is typically positioned ________ to the internal carotid artery.

anterior

6

The facial artery passes _________ to the intermediate tendon of the digastric and the stylohyoid muscle.

deep

7

The inferior thyroid artery passes __________ to the common carotid artery.

posterior

8

The subclavian artery passes directly ___________ to the anterior scalene muscle.

posterior

9

The hyoid bone is positioned __________ to the thyroid cartilage.

superior

10

The thoracic duct passes ___________ to the left brachiocephalic vein.

posterior

11

The cricoid cartilage is positioned ___________ to the thyroid cartilage.

inferior

12

The sternocleidomastoid muscle is positioned _____________ to the carotid sheath.

superficial

13

The loop of the ansa cervicalis passes _________ to the carotid sheath.

lateral

14

The hypoglossal nerve passes __________ to the hyoglossus muscle and __________ to the mylohyoid muscle.

superficial, deep

15

The left vagus nerve passes directly __________ to the left subclavian artery.

anterior

16

The recurrent laryngeal nerve is positioned ________ to the trachea (tracheoesophageal groove).

lateral

17

The right vagus nerve passes directly __________ to the right subclavian artery.

anterior

18

The left brachiocephalic vein passes _________ to both the left common carotid artery and the brachiocephalic artery.

anterior

19

The submandibular gland is positioned directly _________ and ________ to the mylohyoid muscle.

posterior, inferior

20

The maxillary artery passes __________ to the neck of the mandible.

medial

21

The articular disc is positioned directly __________ to the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone and directly __________ to the head of the mandible.

inferior, superior

22

The masseter muscle is positioned ________ and the medial pterygoid is positioned _______ to the ramus of the mandible.

lateral, medial

23

The temporalis muscle passes _____ to the zygomatic arch.

deep

24

The retromandibular vein is positioned _______ and __________ to the ramus of the mandible.

medial, posterior

25

The greater occipital nerve passes ________ and then __________ to the inferior oblique muscle before piercing the semispinalis muscle.

inferior, posterior

26

The external jugular vein typically is positioned directly ________ to the SCM.

superficial

27

At the level of the cavernous sinus, the oculomotor, ophthalmic and trochlear nerves are positioned ________ to the internal carotid artery.

lateral

28

The infraorbital nerve is positioned directly _________ to the maxillary sinus.

superior

29

The ethmoidal air cells are positioned ______ to the orbit.

medial

30

The arytenoid cartilages are positioned directly ________ to the lamina of the cricoid cartilage.

superior

31

The tonsilar bed is positioned _________ to the palatoglossal fold (arch).

posterior

32

The vocal fold is positioned _________ to the vestibular fold.

inferior

33

The tendon of the tensor veli palatini muscles passes ________ to the hamulus of the medial pterygoid plate.

inferior

34

The lingual nerve is positioned directly _________ to the inferior alveolar nerve.

anterior

35

The lingual nerve passes directly ________ to the alveolar bone housing the roots of the 3rd molar.

medial

36

The lingual nerve passes_______, _________ and ________ to the submandibular duct.

lateral, inferior, medial

37

The submandibular duct and sublingual gland are positioned ________ to the mylohyoid muscle.

superior

38

Within the carotid sheath, the internal jugular vein is positioned directly _________ to the common carotid artery.

lateral

39

The common carotid artery is positioned directly ________ to the superior cervical ganglion.

anterior

40

The facial nerve is closely associated with the ___________ wall of the middle ear.

posterior

41

The ______________________ typically pass between the anterior scalene and middle scalene muscles.

roots of the brachial plexus

42

The roots of the brachial plexus typically pass between the _____________ and ____________ muscles.

anterior scalene, middle scalene

43

The _____________ (a motor nerve) traverses the occipital triangle, a subdivision of the posterior triangle of the neck.

accessory nerve

44

The accessory nerve (a motor nerve) traverses the ______________, a subdivision of the posterior triangle of the neck.

occipital triangle

45

The accessory nerve (a motor nerve) traverses the occipital triangle, a subdivision of the ________________________.

posterior triangle of the neck

46

The _____________ is innervated by the cervical branch of the facial nerve.

platysma muscle

47

The platysma muscle is innervated by the ____________ of the facial nerve.

cervical branch

48

The platysma muscle is innervated by the cervical branch of the _________.

facial nerve

49

The __________ and _______ arteries are both direct branches of the facial artery.

superior, inferior labial

50

The superior and inferior labial arteries are both direct branches of the _________.

facial artery.

51

__________________ and ________ of the eye are all functions of the superior oblique muscle.

Abduction, depression, intorsion

52

Abduction, depression and intorsion of the eye are all functions of the ____________________.

superior oblique muscle

53

________ of the tongue is a function of the genioglossus muscle.

Protrusion

54

Protrusion of the tongue is a function of the ________________.

genioglossus muscle

55

____________________ are located in the subarachnoid space surrounding the brain.

Superficial cerebral veins

56

Superficial cerebral veins are located in the _______________ surrounding the brain.

subarachnoid space

57

The nerve of the ____________ enters the pterygopalatine fossa by traversing the pterygoid canal.

pterygoid canal

58

The nerve of the pterygoid canal enters the _________________ by traversing the pterygoid canal.

pterygopalatine fossa

59

The nerve of the pterygoid canal enters the pterygopalatine fossa by traversing the ____________.

pterygoid canal

60

The _________________ is the parasympathetic root of the pterygopalatine ganglion.

greater petrosal nerve

61

The greater petrosal nerve is the _________________ of the pterygopalatine ganglion.

parasympathetic root

62

The greater petrosal nerve is the parasympathetic root of the _____________________.

pterygopalatine ganglion

63

The ________ tests the sensory function of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the motor function of the vagus nerve.

gag reflex

64

The gag reflex tests the _____________ of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the motor function of the vagus nerve.

sensory function

65

The gag reflex tests the sensory function of the ___________________ and the motor function of the vagus nerve.

glossopharyngeal nerve

66

The gag reflex tests the sensory function of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the ____________ of the vagus nerve.

motor function

67

The gag reflex tests the sensory function of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the motor function of the __________.

vagus nerve

68

The venous drainage of the ____ and the __________________ are interconnected through a series of emissary veins.

scalp, superior sagittal sinus

69

The venous drainage of the scalp and the superior sagittal sinus are interconnected through a series of ____________.

emissary veins

70

The _______________________ is positioned along the attached margin of the tentorium cerebelli.

transverse dural venous sinus

71

The transverse dural venous sinus is positioned along the attached margin of the _______________.

margin of the tentorium cerebelli

72

The branches of the ____________________ are typically positioned medial to the pterion.

middle meningeal artery

73

The branches of the middle meningeal artery are typically positioned ______ to the pterion.

medial

74

The branches of the middle meningeal artery are typically positioned medial to the _______.

pterion

75

The ___________________ enters the pharynx by passing between the superior and middle constrictor muscles.

stylopharyngeus muscle

76

The stylopharyngeus muscle enters the ______ by passing between the superior and middle constrictor muscles.

pharynx

77

The stylopharyngeus muscle enters the pharynx by passing between the ______ and ______________________.

superior, middle constrictor muscles

78

The ___________ are typically innervated by the anterior superior alveolar nerves.

upper incisors

79

The upper incisors are typically innervated by the __________________________.

anterior superior alveolar nerves

80

The ______________ inferior to the vocal folds is innervated by the recurrent laryngeal nerve.

laryngeal mucosa

81

The laryngeal mucosa ______ to the vocal folds is innervated by the recurrent laryngeal nerve.

inferior

82

The laryngeal mucosa inferior to the _________ is innervated by the recurrent laryngeal nerve.

vocal folds

83

The laryngeal mucosa inferior to the vocal folds is innervated by the ____________________.

recurrent laryngeal nerve

84

The _____________ of the retromandibular and the posterior auricular veins are the two primary tributaries of the external jugular vein.

posterior division

85

The posterior division of the _____________ and the ___________________ are the two primary tributaries of the external jugular vein.

retromandibular, posterior auricular veins

86

The posterior division of the retromandibular and the posterior auricular veins are the two primary tributaries of the ________________.

external jugular vein

87

As it emerges from the ________________, the occulomotor nerve typically passes between the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries.

interpeduncular fossa

88

As it emerges from the interpeduncular fossa, the _______________ typically passes between the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries.

occulomotor nerve

89

As it emerges from the interpeduncular fossa, the occulomotor nerve typically passes between the ______________ and _____________________.

posterior cerebral, superior cerebellar arteries

90

The ______________ of the mandibular nerve re-enters the skull by traversing the foramen spinosum.

meningeal branch

91

The meningeal branch of the ______________ re-enters the skull by traversing the foramen spinosum.

mandibular nerve

92

The meningeal branch of the mandibular nerve re-enters the ____ by traversing the foramen spinosum.

skull

93

The meningeal branch of the mandibular nerve re-enters the skull by traversing the _______________.

foramen spinosum

94

The ______________, _____ and _____________ all exit the posterior cranial fossa by traversing the jugular foramen.

glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory nerves

95

The glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessory nerves all exit the __________________ by traversing the jugular foramen.

posterior cranial fossa

96

The glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessory nerves all exit the posterior cranial fossa by traversing the _____________.

jugular foramen

97

The ________________________ is continuous with the axillary sheath of the upper extremity.

prevertebral fascia of the neck

98

The prevertebral fascia of the neck is continuous with the ______________________________.

axillary sheath of the upper extremity

99

The ________________________ of the spine may be torn during a severe hyperextension (movement) of the neck.

anterior longitudinal ligament

100

The anterior longitudinal ligament of the spine may be torn during a severe ________________________________.

hyperextension of the neck

101

The ____________ traverses the cavernous sinus adjacent to the internal carotid artery.

abducens nerve

102

The abducens nerve traverses the _____________ adjacent to the internal carotid artery.

cavernous sinus

103

The abducens nerve traverses the cavernous sinus adjacent to the __________________.

internal carotid artery

104

The ______________ emerges from the medulla between the pyramid and the olive.

hypoglossal nerve

105

The hypoglossal nerve emerges from the ______ between the pyramid and the olive.

medulla

106

The hypoglossal nerve emerges from the medulla between the ______ and the _____.

pyramid, olive

107

The ______________ interconnect the venous drainage of the face and orbit with the cavernous sinus.

ophthalmic veins

108

The ophthalmic veins interconnect the ______________________________ with the cavernous sinus.

venous drainage of the face and orbit

109

The ophthalmic veins interconnect the venous drainage of the face and orbit with the _____________.

cavernous sinus

110

The______, ______ and _____________ all traverse the superior orbital fissure superior to the annular (common tendinous) ring.

frontal, lacrimal, trochlear nerves

111

The frontal, lacrimal and trochlear nerves all traverse the __________________ superior to the annular (common tendinous) ring.

superior orbital fissure

112

The frontal, lacrimal and trochlear nerves all traverse the superior orbital fissure _______ to the annular (common tendinous) ring.

superior

113

The frontal, lacrimal and trochlear nerves all traverse the superior orbital fissure superior to the ___________________________.

annular ring

114

The ___________________ of the eye receives its sensory innervation from branches of the ophthalmic nerve.

superior oblique muscle

115

The superior oblique muscle of the eye receives its ________________ from branches of the ophthalmic nerve.

sensory innervation

116

The superior oblique muscle of the eye receives its sensory innervation from branches of the ______________.

ophthalmic nerve.

117


The __________________ is typically a direct branch of the maxillary artery.



inferior alveolar artery


118

The inferior alveolar artery is typically a direct branch of the ___________.

axillary artery

119

The __________________, a sensory branch of the mandibular nerve, passes medial to the lateral pterygoid muscle and posterior to the neck of the mandible.

auricotemporal nerve

120

The auriculotemporal nerve, a sensory branch of the ______________, passes medial to the lateral pterygoid muscle and posterior to the neck of the mandible.

mandibular nerve

121

The auriculotemporal nerve, a sensory branch of the mandibular nerve, passes _____ to the ____________________ and posterior to the neck of the mandible.

medial, lateral pterygoid muscle

122

The auriculotemporal nerve, a sensory branch of the mandibular nerve, passes medial to the lateral pterygoid muscle and _______ to the _________________.

posterior, neck of the mandible

123

The ______________ attaches in part to the stapes (ossicle) and is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve.

stapedius muscle

124

The stapedius muscle attaches in part to the ____________ and is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve.

stapes

125

The stapedius muscle attaches in part to the stapes (ossicle) and is innervated by a branch of the __________.

facial nerve

126

The _____________ of the _________ typically anastomoses (directly) with the sublingual branch of the lingual artery.

subment branch, facial artery

127

The subment branch of the facial artery typically anastomoses (directly) with the ______________ of the ___________.

sublingual branch, lingual artery

128

The _________________________ attaches in part to the transverse process of the atlas and functions in ipsilateral rotation of the head.

obliquus capitis inferior muscle

129

The obliquus capitis inferior muscle attaches in part to the ________________________ and functions in ipsilateral rotation of the head.

transverse process of the atlas

130

The obliquus capitis inferior muscle attaches in part to the transverse process of the atlas and functions in _______________ of the head.

ipsilateral rotation

131

The _____________ tests the parasympathetic motor function of the IIIrd cranial nerve.

pupillary reflex

132

The pupillary reflex tests the ___________________ function of the IIIrd cranial nerve.

parasympathetic motor

133

The pupillary reflex tests the parasympathetic motor function of the _______________.

IIIrd cranial nerve

134

The _________________________ is the only abductor (movement) of the vocal folds.

posterior cricoarytenoid muscle

135

The posterior cricoarytenoid muscle is the only _______ (movement) of the vocal folds.

abductor

136

The posterior cricoarytenoid muscle is the only abductor (movement) of the _________.

vocal folds

137

The _______________ forms the floor of the oral cavity.

mylohyoid muscle

138

The mylohyoid muscle forms the __________________.

floor of the oral cavity

139

The __________________ provides sensory innervation to the molars of the lower jaw.

inferior alveolar nerve

140

The inferior alveolar nerve provides ________________ to the molars of the lower jaw.

sensory innervation

141

The inferior alveolar nerve provides sensory innervation to the ___________________.

molars of the lower jaw

142

The________________ of the TMJ is classified (synovial) as a gliding joint.

upper compartment

143

The upper compartment of the TMJ is classified (synovial) as a __________.

gliding joint

144

The___________________ are derived from the first pharyngeal (branchial) arch.

muscles of mastication

145

The muscles of mastication are derived from the __________________________.

first pharyngeal arch

146

The ___________ surrounds the carotid artery, internal jugular vein and vagus nerve.

carotid sheath

147

The carotid sheath surrounds the __________, _________________ and _________.

carotid artery, internal jugular vein, vagus nerve

148

The ____________ typically passes directly anterior to the anterior scalene muscle.

subclavian vein

149

The subclavian vein typically passes directly ______ to the anterior scalene muscle.

anterior

150

The subclavian vein typically passes directly anterior to the __________________.

anterior scalene muscle

151

The _______________ extends from vertebral body to vertebral body and functions in flexion of the neck.

longus coli muscle

152

The longus coli muscle extends from __________________________ and functions in flexion of the neck.

verterbral body to vertebral body

153

The longus coli muscle extends from vertebral body to vertebral body and functions in _______________.

flexion of the neck

154

The _________ with its associated tympanic plexus is located in the medial wall of the middle ear.

promontory

155

The promontory with its associated _____________ is located in the medial wall of the middle ear.

tympanic plexus

156

The promontory with its associated tympanic plexus is located in the________________________.

medial wall of the middle ear

157

The cell bodies of the ________________________________ innervating the parotid gland are located in the otic ganglion.

postganglionic parasympathetic neurons

158

The cell bodies of the postganglionic parasympathetic neurons innervating the ___________ are located in the otic ganglion.

parotid gland

159

The cell bodies of the postganglionic parasympathetic neurons innervating the parotid gland are located in the ___________.

otic ganglion

160

The ___________ tests the sensory function of the Vth cranial nerve and the motor function of the VIIth cranial nerve.

corneal reflex

161

The corneal reflex tests the _____________ of the ______________ and the motor function of the VIIth cranial nerve.

sensory function, Vth cranial nerve

162

The corneal reflex tests the sensory function of the Vth cranial nerve and the ____________ of the _______________.

motor function, VIIth cranial nerve

163

The ___________________________ functions to elevate the larynx and is innervated by a branch of ventral ramus C1.

thyrohyoid or geniohyoid muscle

164

The thyrohyoid or geniohyoid muscle functions to ______________ and is innervated by a branch of ventral ramus C1.

elevate the larynx

165

The thyrohyoid or geniohyoid muscle functions to elevate the larynx and is innervated by a branch of_______________.

ventral ramus C1

166

The ____________________ traverse the transverse foramina of the cervical vertebrae.

vertebral artery and vein

167

The vertebral artery and vein traverse the_________________ of the cervical vertebrae.

transverse foramina

168

The ________________ is continuous with the posterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral column.

tectorial membrane

169

The tectorial membrane is continuous with the __________________________ of the vertebral column.

posterior longitudinal ligament

170

The ____________ typically drains into the sphenoethmoidal recess of the nasal cavity.

sphenoid sinus

171

The sphenoid sinus typically drains into the ___________________ of the nasal cavity.

sphenoethmoidal recess

172

The____________ typically receive the direct lymphatic drainage of the skin overlying the superior attachment of the trapezius muscle.

occipital nodes

173

The occipital nodes typically receive the direct lymphatic drainage of the skin overlying the __________________________________.

superior attachment of the trapezius muscle.

174

The _____________________________ extends from the spinous process of the axis to the occipital bone and is innervated by a branch of dorsal ramus C1.

rectus capitis posterior major muscle

175

The rectus capitis posterior major muscle extends from the _____________________ to the occipital bone and is innervated by a branch of dorsal ramus C1.

spinous process of the axis

176

The rectus capitis posterior major muscle extends from the spinous process of the axis to the ___________ and is innervated by a branch of dorsal ramus C1.

occipital bone

177

The rectus capitis posterior major muscle extends from the spinous process of the axis to the occipital bone and is innervated by a branch of _____________.

dorsal ramus C1.

178

The ____________ and the __________________ form the lateral boundary of the infratemporal fossa.

zygomatic arch, ramus of the mandible

179

The zygomatic arch and the ramus of the mandible form the _____________ of the ________________.

lateral boundary, infratemporal fossa.

180

________ to the superior orbital fissure, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus.

Proximal

181

Proximal to the ___________________, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus.

superior orbital fissure

182

Proximal to the superior orbital fissure, the __________ and _____________ are positioned in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus.

oculomotor, trochlear nerves

183

Proximal to the superior orbital fissure, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the __________ of the _____________.

lateral wall, cavernous sinus

184

The ______ and _____________ muscles function during the side-to-side grinding motion of the mandible.

medial, lateral pterygoid muscles

185

The medial and lateral pterygoid muscles function during the _______________________ of the mandible.

side-to-side grinding motion

186

The _____________________ are typically positioned adjacent to the internal jugular vein.

deep cervical lymph nodes

187

The deep cervical lymph nodes are typically positioned adjacent to the ________________.

internal jugular vein

188

The ___________________ receives its motor innervation from the temporal and zygomatic branches of the facial nerve.

orbicularis oculi muscle

189

The orbicularis oculi muscle receives its motor innervation from the _______ and ________________ of the facial nerve.

temporal, zygomatic branches

190

The orbicularis oculi muscle receives its motor innervation from the temporal and zygomatic branches of the __________.

facial nerve

191

The ____________ actively contracts during flaring of the nostrils.

nasalis muscle

192

The nasalis muscle actively contracts during _________________.

flaring of the nostrils

193

The ________, ________ and ____________________ all function to elevate (movement) the mandible.

temporalis, masseter, medial pterygoid muscles

194

The temporalis, masseter and medial pterygoid muscles all function to ___________________________.

elevate the mandible

195

The ___________________ is continuous with the pretracheal fascia of the neck.

buccopharyngeal fascia

196

The buccopharyngeal fascia is continuous with the ______________ of the neck.

pretracheal fascia

197

The _______________ of the __________ innervates all the muscles of the palate except for the tensor palatini.

pharyngeal branch, vagus nerve

198

The pharyngeal branch of the vagus nerve innervates all the muscles of the palate except for the ____________.

tensor palatini

199

The ____________ and ________ communicate through the auditory tube.

nasal pharynx, middle ear

200

The nasal pharynx and middle ear communicate through the ___________.

auditory tube