VHD Anatomical Ships Flashcards Preview

Unit III: Head and Neck > VHD Anatomical Ships > Flashcards

Flashcards in VHD Anatomical Ships Deck (122):
1

The parotid duct passes _________(________) and __________ to the masseter.

lateral (superficial), anterior

2

The parotid gland is positioned _________ and _________(__________) to the masseter.

posterior, lateral (superficial)

3

The branches of the facial nerve pass ___________(__________) to the masseter muscle.

lateral (superficial)

4

The facial artery passes __________(_________) to the mandible (body).

lateral (superficial)

5

On the face, the facial vein is positioned ________ to the facial artery.

posterior

6

The sternocleidomastoid muscle is positioned _________ to the omohyoid muscle.

superficial

7

The sternocleidomastoid muscle is positioned __________ to the carotid sheath.

superficial

8

The external jugular vein passes ________(_________) to the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

lateral (superficial)

9

The great auricular and transverse cervical nerves pass __________ and __________(_________) to the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

posterior, lateral (superficial)

10

The lesser occipital nerve passes ________ to the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

posterior

11

The accessory nerve passes _________(________) and then ________ to the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

medial (deep), posterior

12

The hyoid bone is positioned ___________ to the thyroid cartilage.

superior

13

The omohyoid muscle is positioned _______-_________ to the sternothyroid muscle.

anterior-lateral

14

The omohyoid muscle passes _______ to the carotid sheath.

superficial

15

At the level of the thyroid cartilage, the sternothyroid muscle is positioned _____ and ______ to the sternohyoid muscle.

deep, lateral

16

The submandibular gland is positioned ______ and _______ to the mylohyoid muscle.

posterior, inferior

17

The digastric muscle (anterior belly) is positioned _________(________-_______) to the mylohyoid muscle.

superficial (inferior-lateral)

18

The thyroid cartilage is positioned __________ to the cricoid cartilage.

superior

19

The thyroid gland (isthmus) is positioned directly _______ to the trachea.

anterior

20

The thyroid gland (lobes) is positioned directly ________ to the trachea.

lateral

21

The ansa cervicalis (inferior root) is positioned _______ (________) to the internal jugular vein.

lateral (superficial)

22

The ansa cervicalis (superior root) is positioned ________ to the internal jugular vein.

anterior

23

The vagus nerve is positioned ______-________ to the internal jugular vein.

posterior - medial

24

The vagus nerve is positioned _____-_______ to the common carotid artery.

posterior-lateral

25

The internal jugular vein is positioned ________ to the carotid artery.

lateral

26

The external carotid artery is positioned ________ to the internal carotid artery.

anterior

27

The facial artery passes ________ (______) to the stylohyoid muscle and the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle.

medial (deep)

28

The hypoglossal nerve passes ________ (_______) to the stylohyoid muscle and the intermediate tendon on the digastric muscle.

medial (deep)

29

The hypoglossal nerve passes ______(________) to the hyoglossus muscle.

lateral (superficial)

30

During its posterior course, the occipital artery first passes _______(_____) and then _________(_______) to the hypoglossal nerve.

medial (deep), lateral (superficial)

31

The subclavian artery passes directly _______ to the anterior scalene muscle.

posterior

32

The phrenic nerve passes directly ________ to the anterior scalene muscle.

anterior

33

The suprascapular artery typically passes directly _______ to the anterior scalene muscle.

anterior

34

The transverse cervical artery typically passes directly _______ to the anterior scalene muscle.

anterior

35

The subclavian vein passes directly ________ to the anterior scalene muscle.

anterior

36

The brachial plexus (roots) are positioned directly _________ to the anterior scalene muscle.

posterior

37

The brachial plexus (roots) are positioned directly _________ to the scaleus medius muscle.

anterior

38

The left brachiocephalic vein passes _________ to the left common carotid artery.

anterior

39

The left brachiocephalic vein passes ________ to the brachiocephalic artery.

anterior

40

The left phrenic nerve passes ______ to the left brachiocephalic vein.

posterior

41

The inferior thyroid artery passes _______(______-______) to the common carotid artery.

deep (posterior-medial)

42

The ascending cervical artery is positioned directly _________ to the anterior scalene muscle.

anterior

43

The thoracic duct passes _________ to the left brachiocephalic vein.

posterior

44

The trachea is positioned directly ________ to the esophagus.

anterior

45

The recurrent laryngeal nerve is positioned _______ to the trachea.

lateral

46

The right recurrent laryngeal nerve passes ______ and ______ ot the right subclavian artery.

inferior, posterior

47

The right vagus nerve passes directly ___________ to the right subclavian artery.

anterior

48

The left vagus nerve passes directly __________ to the left subclavian artery.

anterior

49

The splenius capitis muscle is positioned _______ to the semispinalis capitis muscle.

superficial

50

The splenius cervicis muscle is positioned ________ to the longissimus capitis muscle.

superficial

51

The greater occipital nerve passes ______ and _______ to the inferior oblique muscle.

inferior, posterior

52

The masseter muscle is positioned ________ to the zygomatic arch.

inferior

53

The masseter muscle is positioned _______(________) to the mandible (ramus).

lateral (superficial)

54

The temporalis muscle passes ______(_______) to the zygomatic arch.

medial (deep)

55

The lateral pterygoid muscle is positioned __________ to the medial pterygoid muscle.

superior

56

The lateral pterygoid muscle is positioned __________ to the head and neck of the mandible.

anterior

57

The lingual nerve passes _______ to the medial pterygoid muscle.

lateral

58

The lingual nerve passes _______ to the mandible.

medial

59

The lingual nerve is positioned ________ to the inferior alveolar never.

anterior

60

The medial pterygoid muscle is positioned _______(_____) to the mandible (ramus).

medial (deep)

61

The maxillary artery passes ______ to the mandible (neck).

medial

62

The maxillary artery passes ______ to the sphenomandibular ligament.

lateral

63

The maxillary artery typically passes ________ to the lateral pterygoid muscle.

lateral

64

The retromandibular vein is positioned _______ to the mandible (ramus).

posterior

65

The oculomotor nerve passes _______ to the cerebral peduncle of the midbrain.

medial

66

The oculomotor nerve passes directly ______ to the posterior cerebral artery.

inferior

67

The oculomotor nerve passes directly _______ to the superior cerebellar artery.

superior

68

The glossopharyngeal nerve passes directly _________ to the medullary olive.

lateral

69

The hypoglossal nerve passes directly ______ to the medullary pyramid.

lateral

70

The vagus nerve passes directly _______ to the medullary olive.

lateral

71

The basilar artery is positioned ________ to the pons.

ventral

72

At the level of the cavernous sinus, the oculomotor nerve passes ________ to the internal carotid artery.

lateral

73

At the level of the cavernous sinus, the ophthalmic nerve passes _______ to the internal carotid artery.

lateral

74

At the level of the cavernous sinus, the internal carotid artery is positioned ________ to the pituitary.

lateral

75

At the level of the cavernous sinus, the trochlear nerve passes _______ to the internal carotid artery.

lateral

76

At the level of the cavernous sinus, the abducens nerve passs directly _______ to the internal carotid artery.

lateral

77

The inferior oblique muscle passes ________ to the inferior rectus muscle.

inferior

78

The superior oblique (tendon) muscle passes _______ to the superior rectus muscle.

inferior

79

The superior oblique muscle is positioned ________ to the medial rectus muscle.

superior

80

The nasociliary nerve passes directly ______ to the optic nerve.

superior

81

The nasociliary nerve (anterior ethmoidal and infratrochlear branches) passes directly ________ to the medial rectus muscle.

superior

82

The nasociliary nerve (anterior ethmoidal and infratrochlear branches) passes directly ________ to the superior oblique muscle.

inferior

83

The ophthalmic artery passes ______, _______ and _______ to the optic nerve.

inferior, lateral, superior

84

The ethmoidal air cells are positioned directly ________ to the orbit.

medial

85

The maxillary sinus is positioned ________ to the nasal cavity (inferior meatus).

lateral

86

The maxillary sinus is positioned ______ to the orbit.

inferior

87

The maxillary sinus is positioned _________ to the upper teeth.

superior

88

The infraorbital artery passes directly _______ to the maxillary sinus.

superior

89

The infraorbital nerve passes directly ________ to the maxillary sinus.

superior

90

The tonsilar bed is positioned __________ to the palatolossal arch.

posterior

91

The tonsilar bed is positioned _______ to the palatopharyngeal arch.

anterior

92

The tensor veli palatini muscle is positioned ______-________ to the levator veli palatini muscle.

anterior - lateral

93

The tensor veli palatini muscle (tendon) passes _______ to the sphenoid bone (hamulus of the medial pterygoid plate).

inferior

94

The palatoglossal fold (muscle) is positioned directly _______ to the tonsilar bed.

anterior

95

The palatopharyngeal fold (muscle) is positioned directly _______ to the tonsilar fold.

posterior

96

The sublingual artery is positioned ________ to the submandibular duct.

inferior

97

The sublingual gland is positioned _______ to the genioglossus muscle.

lateral

98

The sublingual gland is positioned _______ to the mylohyoid muscle.

superior

99

The lingual nerve passes ________ to the mandible.

medial

100

The lingual nerve passes ___________ to the medial pterygoid muscle.

lateral

101

The lingual nerve passes ______ to the superior constrictor and pterygomandibular raphe.

inferior

102

The lingual nerve passes _______ to the styloglossus muscle.

lateral

103

The lingual nerve passes _____, _______ and ______ to the submandibular duct.

lateral, inferior, medial

104

The mylohyoid muscle is positioned ______ to the geniohyoid muscle.

inferior

105

The genioglossus muscle is positioned ________ to the geniohyoid muscle.

superior

106

The hyoglossus muscle is positioned ________ to the hyoid bone.

superior

107

The hypoglossal nrve passes _______(_______-________) to the mylohyoid muscle.

deep (superior-medial)

108

The hypoglossal nerve passes ________ to the hyoglossus muscle.

lateral

109

The lingual artery passes ______ (______) to the hyoglossus muscle.

medial (deep)

110

The vallecula is positioned _____ to the tongue (root).

posterior

111

The vallecula is positioned directly _______ to the epiglottis.

anterior

112

The epiglottis is positioned ____ to the tongue (root).

posterior

113

The piriform recess is positioned ______ to the laryngeal inlet.

lateral

114

The vocal ligament is positioned ________ to the arytenoid cartilage.

anterior

115

The vocal fold is positioned ______ to the vestibular fold.

inferior

116

The thyroid cartilage is positioned _______ to the cricoid cartilage.

superior

117

The arytenoid cartilage is positioned _______ to the cricoid (lamina) cartilage.

superior

118

The sympathetic trunk is positioned directly ______ to the carotid sheath.

posterior

119

The sympathetic trunk in positioned directly ________ to the prevertebral muscles.

anterior

120

The hypoglossal nerve passes ________ to the internal and external carotid arteries, and ________ to the internal jugular vein.

lateralmedial

121

The superior laryngeal nerve passes _______ to the internal and external carotid arteries.

medial

122

The glossopharyngeal nerve (and pharyngeal branch of the vagus nerve) passes ________ the internal and external carotid arteries.

between