Anatomical Terminology Flashcards Preview

Body Logistics > Anatomical Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomical Terminology Deck (22):
1

Describe the anatomical position

• Face forward, eyes and toes pointing in same direction
• Arms by sides with palms facing forwards
• Lower limbs close together with feet parallel to each other

2

When using terms of movement why would you talk about the elbow rather than the forearm?

- Terms of movement only apply to joints

3

Which planes do the following terms of movement refer to?
- Flexion and Extension
- Abduction and adduction
- Medial and lateral rotation

- Flexion and Extension = sagittal plane
- Abduction and adduction = coronal plane
- Medial and lateral rotation = transverse plane

4

Describe the how the 3 planes cut the body

1. Transverse/ horizontal – Separates body into superior and inferior halves (top and bottom)
2. Sagittal – Separates the body into left and right halves
3. Coronal – Cut the body into anterior and posterior halves (front and back)

5

Ipsilateral/ Contralateral

Ipsilateral – Structures on the same side
Contralateral – Structures on opposite sides

6

Superior/Cranial & Inferior/Caudal

Superior/Cranial – Above, eg. The lungs are superior to the liver
Inferior/Caudal – Below, e.g. The small intestines are inferior to the stomach

7

Anterior/Ventral
Posterior/ Dorsal

Anterior/Ventral – Toward the front of the front of the body; in front of
Posterior/ Dorsal – Toward the back of the body; behind

8

Lateral and Medial

Lateral – Away from the midline (In forearm, radial)
Medial – Toward the midline (In forearm, ulnar)

9

Proximal and Distal

Proximal – Close to
Distal – Far from
(To the trunk of the body, anatomically speaking)

10

Superficial & Deep

Superficial/External – Toward the body surface
Intermediate – Between a superficial and deep surface
Deep/ External – Away from the body surface

11

Flexion and Extension

Flexion – Decreasing the angle of the joint, bending joint
Extension – Increasing the angle of the joint, straightening the joint

12

Elevation and Depression

Elevation – Moving a body part in a superior direction
Depression – Moving a body part in a inferior direction

13

Abduction and Adduction

Abduction – Moving a limb away from the centre line (medial line) of the body
Adduction – Moving a limb towards the centre line (medial line) of the body

14

Lateral/Medial Rotation

Lateral Rotation – Rotating a limb away from the line (medial line) of the body.
Medial Rotation – Rotating a limb towards the centre line (medial line) of the body

15

Pronation and Supination

Pronation – Rotating the forearm so that the palm faces down if the forearm is flexed
Supination – Rotating the forearm so that the palm faces up if the forearm is flexed

16

Retraction and Protraction

Retraction – Posterior movement (towards the back of the body) of the arm at the shoulder
Protraction – Anterior movement (towards the front of the body) of the arm at the shoulder

17

Lateral Flexion

Lateral Flexion – Bending the spine to the side, away from the centre line (medial line) of the body

18

Of the hands:

Palmar & Dorsal
Adduction & Abduction

Palmar – Anterior hand
Dorsal – Posterior hand
Adduction – Moving digits inwards
Abduction – moving digest out

19

Of the feet:

Plantar & Dorsal
Eversion & Inversion

Plantar – Inferior foot surface/sole
Dorsal – Superior foot surface
Eversion – Rotating the ankle so that the sole of the foot points away from the other
Inversion – Rotating the ankle so that the sole of the foot points towards the other

20

Dorsiflexion and Plantarflexion

Dorsiflexion – Decreasing the angle of the ankle joint
Plantarflexion – Increasing the angle of the ankle joint

21

Circumduction

Circumduction is a combination of flexion, extension, abduction and adduction

22

Why does flexion and extension of the thumb occur in the coronal plane?

Thumbnail sits in sagittal plane
Fingernails coronal planes

Thumb has been rotated by 90 degrees