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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (56)
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1

What is/are the anterolateral boundary of the perineum?

Inferior pubic rami and ischial rami

2

What is/are the inferior boundary of the perineum?

Sacrum and coccyx

3

This is a fibro fatty cushion which when divides, forms and joins the labia _______ together

Mons pubis - L. Majora

4

The labia majora is homologous to that of the structure in males?

Scrotum

5

What ligament is attached to the labia majora?

Round ligament

6

Hematoma caused bu trauma usually occurs in the labia majora. Give two causes of injury

Straddle injury and deep laceration (breech and forceps delivery that is not properly repaired.

7

Which of the two labias contain hair?

Labia majora

8

TRUE or FALSE: both the labia majora and minora contains sweat and sebaceous glands.

FALSE. Labia minora only sebaceous glands

9

Which of the two labias are more sensitive due to numerous nerve endings?

Labia minira

10

The labia minora is homologous to that part of the male?

Penile urethra

11

The labia minira is divide into two parts. What is the superior and inf parts?

Superior: Prepuce and frenulum
Inferior: Fourchette

12

What do you call the condition where the labias fused together?

Labial Agglutination

13

What factors influence labial agglutination?

Low estrogens or infection

14

What gland is usually located at 5-7 o'clock?

Bartholin's

15

What separates the outer portion from the pelvic cavity?

Pelvic Diaphraghm

16

What are the five different types of hymen?

Annular, septate, cribeiform, imperforate, parous introitus

17

Which type of hymen is bouncy upon palpation?

Imperforate hymen

18

What three important evidences should be seen in patients that are sexually abused other than the physical apperance of the hymen?

Vagina is edematous, erythematous, and bloody

19

This is a condition wherein the urethra is enlarged and erythematous.

Urethral prolapse

20

What are the only three functions of the vagina?

1. Sexual intercourse
2. Menstrual flow
3. Labor during normal delivery

21

What embryological structures meet and fuse to form the vagina?

Mullerian tubercle and urogenital sinus

22

There are 4 fornices in the vaginal vault. Name these 4. Which of these 4 fronices has the most clinical importance?

Posterior, Anterior and 2 lateral

Posterior fornix (have an immediate access to the peritoneal cavity)

23

What structure covers the upper posterior vaginal wall?

Cul de sac / Pouch pf Douglas

24

What kind of disease shows white, cheese like discharge in the cervix?

Candidiasis

25

What is the other term for mons pubis?

Monsveneris

26

What septa separates the vagina from the bladder anteriorly?

Vesicovaginal septum

27

Whatstructure separates the vagina from rectum posteriorly?

Rectovaginal septum

28

What is the most probable structure that is damaged during normal child delivery?

External anal sphincter

29

The anterior triangle is a remnant of what embryogenical structure?

Urogenital Triangle = from urogenital sinus

30

What type of episiotomy predisposes a pt to rectovaginal fistulas?

Medial/Midline episiotomy