Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (742)
What is the superior border of the femoral triangle?
the inguinal ligament
What is the lateral border of the femoral triangle?
the medial aspect of the sartorius muscle
what is the medial border of the femoral triangle?
the lateral aspect of the adductor longus muscle
what muscles make up the floor of the femoral triangle?
iliopsoas muscle laterally
pectineus muscle medially
What 4 structures does the femoral triangle contain?
lateral --> medial
Where are the deep inguinal lymph nodes located?
What are the femoral artery and vein enveloped in?
what fascia from the abdominal wall makes up the femoral sheath superiorly?
transversalis fascia and iliopsoas fascia
What does the femoral sheath blend inferiorly with?
the adventita of the femoral artery and vein
where is the femoral nerve in relation to the femoral sheath?
femoral nerve is lateral to the femoral sheath
from what spinal nerves does the femoral nerve arise from?
L2, L3, L4
formed in the lumbar plexus
what type of nerve is the saphenous nerve? (with regards to function)
what nerve does the saphenous nerve branch off of?
the femoral nerve
When branching off the femoral nerve and leaving the adductor canal, what 2 muscles does the saphenous nerve pass between?
What compartment of the thigh is the gracilis muscle in?
What does the saphenous nerve supply?
-fascia and skin of the anteromedial aspects of the knee and leg
-fascia and skin of the medial aspect of the foot
when the saphenous nerve makes its way down to the foot from the knee, what vein does it accompany?
the great saphenous vein
What is a femoral hernia?
when peritoneum (with or without abdominal contents) herniates into the femoral canal through the femoral ring
what does a femoral hernia usually present as?
a painful lump in the groin
what does the femoral canal contain?
deep inguinal lymph nodes
how are the deep inguinal lymph nodes positioned in the femoral canal?
in a chain
which artery do the medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries emerge from?
profunda femoris artery
what part of the body do the medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries supply?
the majority of the head of the femur
What is the inferior border of the external oblique aponeurosis?
what is an aponeurosis?
From what 2 bony features does the inguinal ligament run between?
What does the medial half of the inguinal ligament contain?
What does the inguinal canal contain in males?
What does the inguinal canal contain in females?
the round ligament