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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (742)
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1

What is the superior border of the femoral triangle?

the inguinal ligament

2

What is the lateral border of the femoral triangle?

the medial aspect of the sartorius muscle

3

what is the medial border of the femoral triangle?

the lateral aspect of the adductor longus muscle

4

what muscles make up the floor of the femoral triangle?

iliopsoas muscle laterally
pectineus muscle medially

5

What 4 structures does the femoral triangle contain?

lateral --> medial
-femoral nerve
-femoral artery
-femoral vein
-femoral canal

6

Where are the deep inguinal lymph nodes located?

femoral canal

7

What are the femoral artery and vein enveloped in?

femoral sheath

8

what fascia from the abdominal wall makes up the femoral sheath superiorly?

transversalis fascia and iliopsoas fascia

9

What does the femoral sheath blend inferiorly with?

the adventita of the femoral artery and vein

10

where is the femoral nerve in relation to the femoral sheath?

femoral nerve is lateral to the femoral sheath

11

from what spinal nerves does the femoral nerve arise from?

L2, L3, L4
formed in the lumbar plexus

12

what type of nerve is the saphenous nerve? (with regards to function)

sensory nerve

13

what nerve does the saphenous nerve branch off of?

the femoral nerve

14

When branching off the femoral nerve and leaving the adductor canal, what 2 muscles does the saphenous nerve pass between?

sartorius muscle
gracilis muscle

15

What compartment of the thigh is the gracilis muscle in?

medial compartment

16

What does the saphenous nerve supply?

-fascia and skin of the anteromedial aspects of the knee and leg
-fascia and skin of the medial aspect of the foot

17

when the saphenous nerve makes its way down to the foot from the knee, what vein does it accompany?

the great saphenous vein

18

What is a femoral hernia?

when peritoneum (with or without abdominal contents) herniates into the femoral canal through the femoral ring

19

what does a femoral hernia usually present as?

a painful lump in the groin

20

what does the femoral canal contain?

deep inguinal lymph nodes
adipose tissue

21

how are the deep inguinal lymph nodes positioned in the femoral canal?

in a chain

22

which artery do the medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries emerge from?

profunda femoris artery

23

what part of the body do the medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries supply?

the majority of the head of the femur

24

What is the inferior border of the external oblique aponeurosis?

inguinal ligament

25

what is an aponeurosis?

flattened tendon

26

From what 2 bony features does the inguinal ligament run between?

ASIS
pubic tubercle

27

What does the medial half of the inguinal ligament contain?

inguinal canal

28

What does the inguinal canal contain in males?

spermatic cord

29

What does the inguinal canal contain in females?

the round ligament

30

How do the femoral vessels, femoral nerve and the iliopsoas muscle/combined tendon enter or leave the lower limb?

by passing posterior to the inguinal ligament in the retroinguinal space then into the femoral triangle