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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (25):
1

Where does the trochlear articulate?

With the head of the ulna

2

Where does the head of the capitulum articulate?

With the head of radius

3

What movements are possible at the sternoclavicular joint?

All movements

4

What movements are possible at the acromioclavicular joint?

It's a planar joint and therefore allows back and forth, side-to-side movements

5

What movements are possible at the humeroulnar and humeroradial joint?

Hinge joint --> flexion and extension

6

What movements are possible at the talocrural joint?

Hinge joint --> dorsiflexion and plantarflexion

7

What movements does the anterior thigh facilitate?

Hip flexion and knee extension

8

What movements does the posterior thigh facilitate?

Hip extension and knee flexion

9

Which foramina are in the middle cranial fossa?

Superior orbital fissure, foramen rotundum, foramen ovale and carotid canals

10

Which foramina are in the posterior cranial fossa?

Foramen magnum, internal auditory meatus and jugular foramen

11

Describe the 4 muscle of the abdomen

Internal oblique (into back pockets), external oblique (into front pockets), tranverse abdominis, rectus abdominis

12

What is abdominal membrane inflammation known as?

Ascites

13

Where is the thymus gland located?

In line of sternum

14

Where are the thyroid and parathyroid glands located?

In brainstem region

15

Where are the pineal and pituitary glands locate?

Central cerebrum

16

Where does the descending aorta run in relation to the spine?

From T4-T12, left and anterior to the spine

17

At which spinal level does the abdominal aorta bifurcate into the common iliac arteries?

L4

18

Which structures pass through the diaphragm, and at what spinal level

Aorta - T12
Oesophagus - T10
Vena cava - T8

19

Where does the blood from branches of the abdominal aorta drain to?

Hepatic portal vein

20

Which nerve carries 90% of parasympathetic nervous fibres?

Vagus (CN X)

21

How do the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems change the heart rate?

Parasympathetic - releases ACh at SAN and AVN --> reduces HR
Sympathetic - releases noradrenaline at SAN and AVN --> increases HR

22

Where does the thoracic duct join the venous system?

At anastomoses of the left internal jugular and subclavian veins

23

Where does lymph from the upper left quadrant of the body drain?

Thoracic duct

24

Where does lymph fromt the upper right quadrant of the body drain?

Right lymphatic trunk

25

What is the most common type of chest X-ray?

PA (posterior-anterior) where lungs are larger and heart isn't as magnified