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Science for Medicine B Anatomy > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (153)
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1

What membrane covers the bone and what is it function?

Periosteum

Helps nourish bines and provides an interface for attachment of tendons and ligaments

2

What membrane covers cartilage and what is its function

Perichondrium

Growth and repair of cartilage

3

How many cervical vertebrae

7

4

How many thoracic vertebra

12

5

How many lumbar vertebrae

5

6

How many sacral vertebrae

5

7

How many coccygeal vertebrae

4 (fused)

8

An X ray is good for imaging

Bones

9

Barium swallow is good for imaging

Soft tissue and bone

10

CT scan is good for imaging

Organs and tissue

11

Ultrasound is good for imaging

Soft tissue

12

In MRI bone is always____

grey

13

Axial

Skull, ribcage and vertebral column

14

Appendicular

Shoulder, arm, hand, pelvic girdle and lower limbs

15

Condyle

smooth end of a bone, covered with cartilage that articulates with the condyle of another bone

16

Epicondyle

Protruding area above or below the condyle for attachments of ligaments

17

Fossa

A shallow depression

18

Sulcus

A narrow groove

19

Tuberosity

A rough projection

20

Tubercle

Small round projection

21

Appendicular muscles are supplied by

Nerve plexus

22

Axial muscles are supplied

segmentally

23

Hilton's law

The nerve supplying the muscles extending directly across and acting at a joint also innervates the joint

24

Histology of Skeletal Muscle (4)

Long slender
Multinucleate
Cross striations
Peripherally placed nuclei

25

Histology of Smooth Muscle (3)

No cross striations
Mononucleate
Centrally situated nuclei

26

Histology of Cardiac Muscle (4)

Cross striated
Single central nucleus
Cells are branched
Intercalated sics contain gap junctions

27

Function of Gap Junctions

allow the muscle cells to contract in synchrony

28

Ligaments

Bone to bone

29

Tendons

Muscle to bone

30

Ventral Ramus

Innervate limbs anteriorly