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Flashcards in Anatomy Colloq 1/2 Deck (50)
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0

The process of hematopoiesis occurs in the...
Osteons
Periosteum
Yellow bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Both c and d

Red bone marrow

2

During bone formation the primary center of ossification forms in the...
A) proximal epiphysis
B) distal epiphysis
C) epiphyseal plate
D) diaphysis
E) metaphysis

Diaphysis

3

The function of the epiphyseal plate is to...

A) allow more flexibility in a long bone
B) allow the bone increase in diameter
C) allow the bone increase in length
D) provide nourishment to isolated osteocytes
E) both B and C are correct

Allow the bone to increase in length

4

Osteons are typical to the structure of...

Compact bone

5

Friction reduction and shock absorption are functions of...
A) the articular cartilage
B) the periosteum
C) the epiphyseal plate
D) the bone marrow
E) the endosteum

Articular cartilage

6

All of the following bones would be produced via endochondral ossification except the
A) tibia
B) femur
C) parietal
D) humerus
E) radius

Parietal bone

7

All of the following are part of the axial skeleton except the

A) occipital bone
B) hyoid bone
C) vertebrae
D) coxal bones
E) sternum

Coaxial bones

8

Which of the following sutures generally does not persist into adulthood?

A) metopic
B) sagittal
C) coronal
D) lambdoid
E) squamous

Metopic Sutures

9

The bones forming the greater portions of the sides and the roof of the cranial cavity are the
A) frontals
B) temporals
C) sphenoids
D) occipitals
E) parietals

Parietals

10

There are normally two of each of the following bones except the...
A) vomer
B) maxilla
C) nasal
D) temporal
E) zygomatic

Vomer

11

The carotid artery passes through the carotid canal in the...

A) greater wings of the sphenoid bone
B) body of the sphenoid bone
C) mastoid process of the temporal bone
D) petrous portion of the temporal bone
E) occipital condyles

Petrous portion of the temporal bone

12

The superior orbital fissure is located...
A) in the supraorbital margin
B) between the anterior aspects of the grea- ter and lesser wings of the sphenoid bone
C) between the petrous portion of the tem-
poral bone and the occipital bone
D) in the orbit between the sphenoid and
ethmoid bones
E) between the lacrimal and nasal bones

Between the anterior aspects of the greater and lesser wings of the sphenoid bone

13

The temporal bone articulates with all of the following except the...

A) parietal bone
B) zygomatic bone
C) mandible
D) frontal bone
E) sphenoid bone

Frontal bone

14

Directly anterior to the sphenoid bone and posterior to the nasal bone is the...
A) zygomatic bone
B) vomer
C) maxilla
D) hyoid bone
E) ethmoid bone

Ethmoid bone

15

Paranasal sinuses are found in all of the following bones except the...

A) frontal bone
B) sphenoid bone
C) zygomatic bone
D) ethmoid bone
E) only A and C are correct

Zygomatic bone

15

All of the following are in the distal road of the carpal bones except...

Trapezium
Trapezoid
Hamate
Triquetral
Capitate

Triquetral.

The triquetral bone is part of the proximal row just medial to the lunate and deep to the pisiform bone.

16

Which of the following is part of the elbow joint?

A) trochlear notch of the ulna
B) ulnar noch of the radius
C) head of the humerus
D) styloid process of the radius
E) head of the ulna

The trochlear notch the ulna

17

All of the following form part of the orbit except...

Zygomatic bone
Palatine bone
Sphenoid bone
Vomer
Maxilla

Vomer

18

All of the following foraminifera are in the sphenoid the except the...

Foramen rotundum
Superior orbital fissure
Foramen ovale
Optic canal
Foramen lacerum

Foramen lacerum

19

The part of the tibia that articulates with the head of the fibula...

Tibial tuberosity
Medial malleolus
Medial condyle
Lateral condyle
None of these

Lateral condyle.
Superior tibiofibular joint is located inferior to the lateral condyle.

20

The prominence that can be felt on the medial surface of the ankle is the...
Tibia
Fibula
Talus
Calcaneus
Navicular

Tibia.

21

When the forearm is flexed which of the following is true?
The olecranon moves into the olecranon fossa
The coronoid process moves into the coronoid fossa
The radial head moves into the radial fossa
The radial head moves into the glenoid fossa
Both b and c are correct.

Both b and c; the coronoid process moves into the coronoid fossa and the radial head moves into the radial fossa

22

The radius articulates with the
Lateral metacarpals
Trapezoid
Capitate
Lunate
Medial metacarpals

Lunate

23

All of the following are true for the pelvis except...
It surrounds the pelvic cavity
It's inferior opening is the pelvic outlet
It is bounded anteriorly by the abdominal wall
It is bounded posteriorly by the sacrum and coccyx
It is the part of the bony pelvis below the pelvic brim

It is bounded anteriorly by the abdominal wall.

24

Which of the following best describes inversion?

Turning soles of feet to face each other

25

The movement that increases the angle between articulating bones is...

Extension

26

The type of movement normally seen at pivot joints is...

Abduction
Rotation
Flexion
Protraction
Inversion

Rotation

27

Which of the following is an example of synchondroses ?

Intervertebral joint
Epiphyseal plate
Intertarsal joint
Joint between root of tooth and alveolus
Both A and B

Epiphyseal plate

28

Rotation is only possible at the...

Radioulnar joint
Radiocarpal joint
Vertebrocostal joint
Atlanto-occipital joint
Tempromandibular joint

Proximal radio ulnar joint- pivot movement

Vertebrocostal is gliding diarthrosis, slight movement
Radiocarpal is ellipsoidal diarthrosis flexion/extension
Temperomandibular is combing gliding and hinge
Atlantooccipital is ellipsoidal diarthrosis

29

You can elevate and depress your...

Forearms
Legs
Mandible
Feet at the ankles
All of these

Mandible