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Flashcards in Anatomy Colloq lower Deck (22)
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1

The greater sciatic notch is formed into a foramen by which of the following ligaments?

interosseous sacroilliac
sacrospinous
dorsal sacroiliac
uterosacral
arcuate

sacrospinous

2

At the ankle joint, the tibia and fibula articulate with the:
cuboid
calcaneus
talus
cuneiform
navicular

talus

3

Damage in anterolateral pelvis because one of the following movements in a patient is weakened or lost. Which movement is it?

lateral rotation of the thigh
adduction of the thigh
extension of the knee
abduction of the thigh
flexion of the thigh

adduction of the thigh

4

The abductor digiti minimi muscle is located in which layer of the sole of the foot?

first
second
third
fourth
fifth

first

5

The ligament which prevents forward displacement of the femur at the knee joint is the:

anterior cruciate ligament
transverse ligament
posterior cruciate ligament
tibial collateral ligament
popliteal ligament

Posterior cruciate ligament

6

In the following list what is the main invertor of the foot is the:

peroneus brevis
tibialis posterior
flexor hallucis longus
flexor digitorum longus
peroneus longus

tibialis posterior

7

The most powerful extensor in the thigh is the

Gluteus maximus

8

Origin from the ischial tuberosity

gluteus maximus
iliopsoas
biceps femoris
rectus femoris
gluteus medius

biceps femoris

9

Which of these ligaments helps most to prevent overextension (hyperextension) at the hip joint?

pubofemoral
iliofemoral
ischiofemoral
ligamentum teres femoris
scarotuberous

iliofemoral

10

When you stand on one foot, the free limb has a tendency to drop. Which of the following prevents this from happening?

biceps femoris
gluteus maximus
piriformis
gluteus medius
iliacus

gluteus medius

11

Which of the following dorsiflexes the foot but also inverts it?

tibialis anterior
extensor hallucis
extensor digitorum longus
tibialis posterior
peroneus longus

tibialis anterior

12

Which of the following is NOT a lateral rotator of the hip?

piriformis
gluteus medius
obturator internus
obturator externus
quadratus femoris

Gluteus medius

13

The medial border of the femoral triangle is formed by the:

sartorius muscle
adductor longus muscle
inguinal ligament
pubic tubercle
none of the above

adductor longus muscle

14

Which muscle is not a flexor of the thigh?

pectineus
rectus femoris
iliopsoas
sartorius
adductor magnum

adductor magnum

15

fibular (lateral) collateral ligament:

is attached to the medial meniscus

is attached to the lateral meniscus
extends between the lateral condyle of the femur and the tibial condyle
is outside the joint capsule

is outside the joint capsule

16

Paralysis of the quadriceps femoris results in loss of:

lateral rotation of the leg
extension of the leg
flexion of the thigh
extension of the thigh
flexion of the leg

extension of the leg

17

Tibialis anterior and posyerior muscles bring about this/these this/these movements:

eversion of the foot
inversion of the foot
both
neither

inversion of the foot

18

Which of the following is NOT a lateral rotator of the thigh?

tensor fasciae latae

19

Large muscle that is used rising from a squat or sitting position

gluteus maximus
iliopsoas
biceps femoris
rectus femoris
gluteus medius

gluteus maximus

20

Chief flexor of the thigh

gluteus maximus
iliopsoas
biceps femoris
rectus femoris
gluteus medius

iliopsoas

21

Following a football injury, a physician grabbed hold of a players leg and noticed that the tibia could be moved anteriorly with undue freedom, especially when the knee was flexed. This disability should be diagnosed as a torn:

anterior cruciate ligament
lateral collateral ligament
medial collateral ligament
posterior cruciate ligament
oblique popliteal ligament

anterior cruciate ligament

22

tibial (medial) collateral ligament

is attached to the medial meniscus
is attached to the lateral meniscus
extends between the lateral condyle of the femur and the tibial condyle
is outside the joint capsule

is attached to the medial meniscus