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Flashcards in Anatomy Lab 1 Deck (101):
1

prone position

laying face down

2

supine position

laying face up

3

ventral

front

4

dorsal

back

5

anterior

from

6

posterior

back

7

superior

above

8

inferior

below

9

medial

middle or inner

10

lateral

outer

11

proximal

closer

12

distal

further

13

ipsilateral

on the same side of the body

14

contralateral

on opposite sides of the body

15

superficial

above (on all sides). ie the skin is superficial to the bone

16

deep

beneath (on all sides). ie the bone is deep to the skin.

17

abdominal (general)

trunk below the diaphragm

18

appendicular (general)

arms and legs

19

axial (general)

head, neck, and trunk

20

thoracic (general)

area of the trunk above the diaphragm

21

Primary superficial regions of the body

general, head and neck, trunk, arms, and legs.

22

auricular

ears

23

buccal

cheeks

24

cephalic

entire head, includes facial and cranial regions

25

cervical

the neck, especially anteriorly

26

cranial

upper part of the head containing the brain

27

facial

the lower anterior portion of the head and includes the mental, nasal, nuchal, orbital, and oral regions.

28

mental

chin

29

nasal

nose

30

nuchal

back of the neck

31

orbital

eyes

32

oral

mouth

33

abdominal (trunk)

stomach area, generally considered to be anterior

34

inguinal

groin region between the pubic region and the legs

35

interscapular

between the scapular regions

36

lumbar

midline area of the back below the lumbar region

37

pectoral

breast

38

pubic

the area of the genitals

39

sacral

midline area of the back below the vertebral region

40

scapular

surrounds the scapula on the back

41

sternal

anterior central part of the trunk

42

umbilical

contains the naval located at the center of the abdomen

43

vertebral

midline area of the back below the interscapular region and above the lumbar region

44

acromial

shoulder

45

antebrachial

forearm

46

axillary

armpit

47

brachial

upper arm

48

carpal

wrist

49

cubital

front of the elbow

50

digital (arm region)

fingers

51

dorsum of hand

back of the hand

52

palmer

palm

53

pollex

thumb

54

coxal

hip

55

crural

lower leg

56

digital (leg region)

toes

57

dorsum of the foot

top of the foot

58

femoral

thighs

59

gluteal

buttocks

60

hallux

great toe

61

patellar

anterior portion of the knee

62

pedal

foot

63

plantar

sole of the foot

64

popliteal

fossa within the back of the knee

65

tarsal

ankle

66

dorsal cavity contains these sub cavitites

cranial cavity and vertebral cavity

67

ventral cavity contains these sub cavities

thoracic cavity and abdominal cavity

68

the thoracic cavity contains these sub cavitites

pleural cavity (2) and the pericardial cavity/mediastinum

69

the abdominal cavity contains these sub cavities

abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity

70

thoracic cavity organs

lungs and heart

71

components of long bones

diaphysis, epiphysis, epiphyseal line, articular cartilage, marrow cavity, and periosteum

72

plural of diaphysis

diaphyses

73

plural of epiphysis

epiphyses

74

osseous tissue

tissue of the bone

75

plural of foramen

foramina

76

plural of lamina

laminae

77

meaning of chondral

cartilage

78

plural of os coxa

ossa coxae

79

three sections of the os coxa

ilium, ischium, pubis, and pelvic girdle

80

ramus

bar of bone

81

curvatures of the adult vertebral column

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, pelvic

82

composite structure

a complete structure comprised of more than one sub structures

83

5 types of vertebra

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal

84

number of cervical vertebra

7

85

number of thoracic vertebra

12

86

number of lumbar vertebra

5

87

number of coccygeal vertebra

4-5

88

number of ribs

12 pairs

89

types of ribs

true (vertebrosternal) and false

90

true ribs (location)

R1-7

91

false ribs (location)

R8-12

92

atlantooccipital articulation

where the atlas and occipital region of the skull articulate

93

atlantoaxial articulation

where the atlas and axis articulate

94

intervertebral articulation

where the vertebrae articulate with each other

95

costovertebral articulation

where the ribs articulate with the vertebrae

96

sternocostal articulation

where the sternum and ribs articulate

97

sternoclavicular articulation

where the sternum and clavicle articulate

98

sacroiliac articulation

where the ilium and sacrum articulate

99

pubic symphysis articulation

where the right and left pubis regions articulate

100

acetabulofemoral

where the acetabulum and femur articulate

101

calcaneal

heel