Anatomy Lab 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy Lab 2 Deck (50):
1

2 parts of the patella

apex and base

2

2 parts of the fibula

head and lateral malleolus

3

4 parts of the tibia

anterior border, medial/lateral condyles, medial malleolus, tibial tuberosity

4

2 parts of the pectoral girdle

clavicle and scapula

5

3 bones of the arm

humerus, radius, ulna

6

4 parts of the leg

femur, patella, fibula, tibia

7

3 parts of the ankle/foot

tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges

8

Tarsals belong to what bone category

podials

9

Metatarsals belong to what bone category

metapodials

10

Carpals belong to what bone category

podials

11

Metacarpals belong to what bone category

metapodials

12

Singular of phalanges

phalanx

13

3 main areolar CT parts

collagen fibers, reticular fibers, and cell nuclei

14

2 main reticular CT parts

reticular fibers and lymphocytes

15

4 main adipose CT parts

adipocyte, nucleus, lipid, and capillaries/blood vessels

16

adipocyte

fat cells; look like open vacuoles

17

3 types of cartilage

hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage

18

5 features of cartilage

matrix, chondrocytes, lacuna, collagen fiber, elastic fiber

19

plural of lacuna

lacunae

20

perichondrium

dense irregular connective tissue

21

fovea capitis is located where

the head of the femur

22

gluteal tuberosity is located where

the posterior side of the femur, at the base of the head

23

greater trochanter is located where

the lateral side of the head of the femur

24

the head of the femur

the superior end of the femur

25

intertrochanteric crest

crest on the posterior side of the head of the femur, connecting the greater and lesser trochanters

26

lesser trochanter

on the medial side of the head of the femur

27

lateral and medial epicondyle (femur)

the inferior end of the femur

28

lateral and medial condyle (femur)

the posterior inferior end of the femur

29

the joint that connects the superior end of the tibia and tibia

proximal tibiofibular joint

30

the joint that connects the inferior end of the tibia and tibia

distal tibiofibular joint

31

the most distal point on the fibula

lateral malleolus

32

the most distal point on the tibia

medial malleolus

33

the ridge that runs the length of the anterior side of the tibia.

anterior border

34

Metatarsal bones are also known as

metapodials

35

The joint that connects the sternum and the clavical

sternoclavicular joint

36

the joint that connects the acromial and clavical

acromioclavicular joint

37

Name all of the carpal bones (Straight Line To The Pinky Here Comes The Thumb)

Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium

38

Where can you find epithelial tissues

epidermis, inner lining of digestive tract, liver and other glands

39

Where can you find connective tissues

tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and bone blood

40

Where can you find connective tissues

the brain, spinal cord, and nerves

41

Where can you find muscular tissues

skeletal muscles, the heart (cardiac muscle), and walls of viscera (smooth muscle)

42

Where can you find muscular tissues

skeletal muscles, the heart (cardiac muscle), and walls of viscera (smooth muscle)

43

6 common supporting cells

fibroblasts, macrophages, neutrophils, plasma cells, mast cells, adipocytes

44

2 types of loose connective tissue

areolar and reticular (adipose sometimes)

45

the areolar tissue can be found:

underlies epithelia, including subcutaneous tissue

46

the reticular tissue is found:

within some tissues of the immune system such as the spleen and lymph nodes

47

What are the main components of areolar tissue (4)

ground substance, elastic fibers (look thinner), collagenous fibers (look thicker), and fibroblasts, also cell nuceli

48

What are the main components of reticular connective tissue (2)

reticular fibers and lymphocytes

49

What are the main components of adipose tissue

blood vessels, adipocyte nucleus, capillaries, and lipid in adipocytes

50

How do you know you are looking at chrondocytes?

They come in pairs