Anatomy & Physiology Intro Flashcards Preview

Ajatari Washington > Anatomy & Physiology Intro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy & Physiology Intro Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

Anatomy

The study of the body's structure

2

Physiology

The study of the body's function

3

Anatomical Planes

Sagittal(Left) or Lateral(Right) (Vertical Center of body)
Axial or Transverse (Horizontal Center of body)

4

Integumentary System Main Organs

Skin, Hair, Nails, and Exocrine Glands.

5

Function #1 (protection)

Skin protects body from basic elements (water, wind, & UV light)

6

Function #2 (sensory)

Your skin can sense change in environment and contains special nerves that sense pain, touch & surface temperature.

7

Function #3 (thermoregulation)

A sympathetic nervous system that monitors temperature and activates appropriate responses.

8

Function #4 (vitamin D synthesis)

A synthetic nerve within the epidermal layer of skin that absorbs calcium and phosphorous; too much or too little sun exposure will result in critical harm.

9

Skin

Epidermis, Dermis, & Hypodermis

10

Epidermis

First layer of skin; waterproof protective barrier and gives skin tone.

11

Dermis

Plays a critical in healing wounds, a protective layer for the hypodermis, & provides nourishment for the epidermis.

12

Hypodermis

cushions your body, stores fat, & keeps your body attached to your bones and cartilage.

13

Keratin

Critical to strengthening and repairing damaged hairs, nails, & skin.

14

Keratinocyte

Important for providing skin structure and functioning the immune system.

15

Stratum Basale

One of the most important layers of the skin because it's the only place where cell can germinate (divide via mitosis).