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Flashcards in Anatomy Workshop Deck (27)
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1

What are letters E and F?

E = falciform ligament

F = ligamentum teres (round ligament)

2

What is this?

Lesser trochanter of femur

3

What are 5 and 13?

5 = intertrochanteric crest

13 = intertrochanteric line

4

What is this?

Bicipital groove of humerus

5

What is this?

Ulnar styloid

6

Which is the common fracture site of the clavicle?

Middle 1/3

7

Fracture of surgical neck of humerus may result in which nerve injury?

Axillary

8

Fracture of humerus mid-shaft may result in which nerve injury?

radial nerve

9

Supra-condylar fracture of the humerus may result in which nerve injury?

Ulnar nerve

10

Which nerve may be injured in distal humerus fracture?

Uncommon

11

In which direction does the hip tend to dislocate?

Posterior

12

Which nerve is most likely to be damaged in posterior hip dislocation?

Sciatic

13

Which structures arise from under the auricles?

Left and right coronary arteries

14

Name the great vessels from right to left anteriorly.

SVC, aorta, pulmonary trunk

15

Name the ‘space’ posterior to the pulmonary trunk and ascending aorta and anterior to the superior vena cava. What is the clinical significance of this space?

Transverse pericardial sinus – it allows cardiac surgeons to identify/clamp the ascending aorta/pulmonary trunk during surgery.

16

Name all of the vasculature.

17

Which artery is usually involved in an anterior infarction?

LAD

18

Which artery is usually involved in an inferior infarction?

right coronary artery (80% of time), circumflex artery (20% of time)

19

Which two major arteries supply blood to the brain?

Internal carotid & vertebral arteries

20

Which foramen does the vertebral artery pas through?

Foramen magnum

21

Which foramen does the internal carotid artery pass through?

Carotid canal

22

What are 10, 13, 16 and 17?

10 = superior cerebellar

13 = anterior inferior cerebellar artery

16 = posterior inferior cerebellar artery

17 = anterior spinal artery

23

Using your knowledge of anatomy and with the aid of a diagram, explain why patients with a lower motor neurone lesion of the facial nerve (CN VII) are unable to show their teeth (smile) and unable to raise their eyebrows, whereas patients with an upper motor neurone lesion are unable to show their teeth, but still able to raise their eyebrows.

Muscles of forehead (frontalis) receive bilateral corticonuclear innervation from facial _nerve; therefore muscles used to raise eyebrows still function after UMNL. Muscles used for smiling receive only contralateral facial nerve innervation, so are affected.

24

Which nodes are shown by 2-4?

2. Bronchopulmonary (Hilar)
3. Superior Tracheobronchial
4. Inferior Tracheobronchial

25

Hilar nodes are also called...

Bronchopulmonary nodes

26

Where does lymph from the parietal pleura drain to?

Body wall noes - mediastinal, thoracic, intercostal

27

. Why do runners bend over and hold on to their knees at the end of a race?

Out of breath; hold on to knees to fix scapula; accessory muscles of respiration can then be recruited to raise ribs: pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, serratus anterior