Trauma Radiology Flashcards Preview

CLASP Applied Anatomy & Radiology (Y3) > Trauma Radiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trauma Radiology Deck (47)
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1

What are the main pathologies seen on chest x-ray in A&E?

pneumothorax, pneumonia, effusion, pneumoperitoneum

2

What are the main pathologies seen on abdominal x-ray in A&E?

obstruction & pneumoperitoneum

3

What is Rigler's sign?

double wall sign - presence of air along the luminal and peritoneal aspect of the bowel wall

4

What size of pneumothorax requires intervention?

> 2cm

5

How can you recognise small bowel on a radiograph?

Has striations all the way across

6

Transverse/oblique fractures occur due to...

A direct blow

7

Spiral fractures occur due to...

Twisting injury

8

What is a communited fracture?

In 2 or more pieces

9

In which group are Torus/Greenstick fractures found?

Children as bones are softer

10

What is a torus fracture?

periosteum in-tact but middle distorted

11

What is a greenstick fracture?

periosteum broken on one side only

12

How is anatomical neck of the humerus fracture treated?

Replacement of humeral head

13

How are surgical neck of humerus fractures treated?

Traction sling

14

Anterior sail sign and posterior fat pad sign suggests...

radial head fracture in adults or supracondylar fracture in children

15

What is a Colles fracture?

distal radius with dorsal angulation

16

Which fracture frequently happens with a Colles fracture?

Ulnar styloid fracture

17

What is a Smith's fracture?

distal radial fracture with volar displacement

18

Which complication is associated with scaphoid fracture?

AVN

19

What proportion of patients with scaphoid fracture are at risk of AVN?

1/3

20

What is the importance of location in # NOF?

If extra-capsular then you will maintain blood supply

21

What is the gold standard treatment for intra-capsular #NOF ?

Total arthroplasty

22

Inter-trochanteric #NOF should be treated using...

Dynamic hip screw

23

Sub-trochanteric # NOF should be treated using...

Intra-medullary nail

24

Which feature of ankle fracture may determine treatment?

talar shift – if minimal, can just use a cast

25

Which pathology is shown here?

Right lower lobe consolidation - likely pneumonia

26

Which pathology is seen here?

Right middle lobe consolidation - likely pneumonia

27

Which pathology is seen here?

Right sided pleural effusion

28

Which pathology is seen?

Pneumoperitoneum

29

Which pathology is seen here?

Bowel obstruction

30

Which pathology is seen here?

Pneumoperitoneum