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Flashcards in Ancient Near East Deck (42):
1

The first written language was used for what?

Accounting

2

This is not part of a larger group, it's its own state.

City State

3

What was the first culture?

Sumer culture

4

What exactly makes up Sumer?

City States that develop along rivers of southern mesoptamia.

5

What year was the Sumers?

3500-2340 BCE

6

What were three things the Sumers were accredited for inventing?

1. Wagon Wheel
2. Plow
3. Writing on Tablet

7

Development of Writing was what?

1. Pictographs
2. Phonographs
3. Cuniform Writing

8

What was the instrument called that was used for writing?

Stylus

9

What was a Summerian Temple called?

Ziggurat

10

Ziggurats were man made what?

Mountains

11

Building Ziggurats involved a lot of what?

Authority and systems

12

What were the locations of the Votive Figures?

Eshunna- Presnt day Tell Asmar, Iraq

13

What are the dates of the Votive Figures?

2900-2600 BCE

14

What was the period of the Votive Figures?

Sumerian Dominance

15

What were the Votive Figures made of?

Limestone, alabaster and gypsum

16

What were the Votive Figures possibly used for?

Possible replacements of the person who can't always devote themselves to worship-Hint Wide Open Eyes

17

What makes the Votive figures stylized?

The way the hair and eyebrows are carved.

18

What is the origin of the Cylinder Seal & Its Modern Impression?

Ur, Present day Muqaiyir, Iraq

19

What period was the Cylinder Seal & Its Modern Impression?

Sumerian Dominance

20

What material was used for Cylinder Seal & Its Modern Impression?

Lapis Lazuli

21

Why did they bury the cylinder seal with it's deceased owner?

So that no one else could use their seal.

22

Akkadians settled north of what place?

Uruk

23

Akkadians adopted Summerian Culture, but they spoke a Semitic Language( same family as Hebrew & Arabic)

True

24

The Akkadians conquered most of what?

Mesopotania

25

The Akkadian's dominance was between what years?

2254-2218 BCE

26

Where is the Steele of Naram-Sin origin?

Akkad-Present Day Iraq

27

What time period was the Steele of Naram-Sin?

Akkadian Dominance

28

What is the Steele of Naram-Sin made of?

Limestone

29

In the Steele of Naram-Sin, what is one of the character appear like he is doing?

Sacrifising himself.

30

In the Steele of Naram-Sin, what are most of the figures doing to the big man with horns?

Pledging their allegiance to him.

31

After centuries of fighting between Sumer, Akkad and Lagash, what people rose to dominance?

The Assyrians

32

What years were the Assyrians dominant?

1400-600 BCE

33

What did the Assyrians have that was strong?

Religion and Military Organization

34

Reconstruction Drawing on the Citadel & Palace Complex of Sargon II came from where?

Dur Sharukin

35

What time period was the Reconstruction Drawing on the Citadel & Palace Complex of Sargon II depiction?

Assyrian Dominance

36

Guardian Figures from the Citadel of Sargon II are made of what?

Limestone & Alabaster

37

What were the creatures called that were used as Guardian Figures?

Lamassus

38

How many feet does the Lamassus have

5, but its for perspective

39

Assunasirpal Killing Lions II was originally from where?

Kalhu- Present day Nimrud Iraq

40

Assunasirpal Killing Lions II is what three things?

Relief Sculpture
Low Relief
Overlapping

41

Assunasirpal Killing Lions II came from what time period?

Assyrian Dominance

42

Why is Assunasirpal Killing Lions II low relief?

Because the picture doesn't potrude out so much.