Animal Restraint: Medical Terms C Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Animal Restraint: Medical Terms C Deck (55)
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1

an abnormal concretion, usually composed of mineral salts, occurring within the animal body, chiefly in the hollow organs or passages (such as the mouth)

Calculus

2

the term used to describe the color and pattern of a cat; consists of patches of black or grey (maybe striped, or tabby patterned), orange or buff, and white.

Calico

3

a simplistic instrument that is used to measure the thickness of a patient’s anatomical part in order to determine the exposure and thus produce a precise
radiograph

Caliper

4

bacteria causes cramps and diarrhea in both dogs and humans. These diseases are commonly contracted by dogs, cats, and humans from the same source, such as infected milk or raw meat. They are passed through food and dog and cat feces to humans. Risk factors include young age and crowded
conditions such as kennels and animal shelters

Campylobacteriosis

5

ideal for piercing food and killing prey as they have pointed crowns

Canine teeth

6

the movement of fluids through a very narrow tube

Capillary action

7

estimates tissue perfusion and oxygenation. By
pressing on the gums and then quickly releasing, the tissue should first blanch out to white, then when you release your finger, count the seconds that it takes the pink color to return. Normal CRT is between 1 and 2 seconds. If the delay is longer,
there is a problem.

Capillary refill time (CRT)

8

a cancer-causing substance or agent

Carcinogen

9

the “wrist” joint of a dog or cat’s front leg

Carpal joint or carpus

10

to remove both testes from the male of the species; also known as orchidectomy or neutering

Castration

11

a loud, shrieking noise is made by cats when they are fighting or in acute pain; also called screeching

Caterwauling

12

a negatively-charged electrode, as of an electrolytic cell, a storage battery, or an electron tube

Cathode

13

toward the patient’s tail

Caudal

14

samples are spun in the centrifuge; components of the sample (which may be urine, blood, etc.) of higher density migrate away from the axis of the
centrifuge, while less-dense components of the sample migrate towards the axis

Centrifugation

15

an apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different densities or to separate
colloidal particles suspended in a liquid

Centrifuge

16

the vein running on the anterior (top) surface of the forelimb of most domestic animals

Cephalic vein

17

the surgical delivery of offspring through an incision in the maternal abdominal and uterine wall; also called a c-section or cesarean birth

Cesarean section

18

a method of animal restraint that utilizes drugs such as
sedatives, tranquilizers, and anesthesia alter the patient’s mental state, allowing the animal to stay immobilized and/or without pain, and causing him/her to be cooperative during procedures.

Chemical restraint

19

single tests and group tests facilitated by analyzers of blood serum; these tests evaluate how well an internal organ is working. These panels commonly display electrolyte determinations as well.

Chemistry panels

20

mites that are white and large enough to be visible to the naked eye. They are also unusual because they are surface-dwelling, meaning they reside in the keratin layer of the skin and in the hair of the host. They spend their entire lives on the surface of their host’s skin

Cheyletiella mites

21

commonly referred to as Trombicula mites or harvest mites, these parasites are usually visible as yellow, orange, or red specks on the faces of dogs
and cats. They have six legs in their adult stage. These mites are unusual as they are only parasitic during their larval stage, and they also do not burrow into the skin or feed on blood.

Chiggers

22

this rarely causes disease in dogs, however, it can be
transmitted to humans and can cause several different diseases. These infections usually respond to antibiotics. Cats can also get Chlamydia but it is not contagious to humans.

Chlamydial diseases

23

a topical antiseptic that comes as a concentrated solution or as a soap- commonly used in skin preparation for surgical procedures

Chlorhexidine

24

commonly sold in the form of Techni-Care microbicide and Dettol, chloroxylenol is a chemical compound commonly used in antibacterial soaps. It is also used as an antiseptic surgical scrub and a pre and post-operative solution.

Chloroxylenol

25

long-lasting or persistent

Chronic

26

to rid of dirt, stains, and impurities; using soap and water to mechanically reduce the number of organisms on a surface; the removal of organic matter

Cleaning

27

a type of centrifuge that can hold various sizes of
test tubes

Clinical or standard centrifuge

28

part of the anesthesia machine, this canister holds baralyme or sodalyme, both of which absorb CO2. The granules are white, and when they have
absorbed their limit of CO2, they will turn blue.

CO2 canister

29

immersing instruments in the sterilant solution contained in the cold tray

Cold sterilization

30

a non-porous container holding sterilant solution

Cold tray