Animal Restraint: Medical Terms A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Animal Restraint: Medical Terms A Deck (48)
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1

when a sound wave encounters a material with a
different density

Acoustical impedance

2

sharp or severe, rapid onset

Acute

3

the non-active ingredient added to a drug. Some drugs are mixed with water, which is quickly absorbed, while others are combined with oil, which takes
longer to absorb

Adjunct

4

assisting or aiding. Something added to a drug or vaccine to increase the effects or response

Adjuvant

5

a term used to explain the moment right before death

Agonal

6

a sterile Petri dish that contains a growth medium (typically agar plus nutrients) used to culture microorganisms

Agar plate

7

As Low As Reasonably Achievable [from the National Committee on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP)]; a safety technique for using as
little radiation as possible

ALARA

8

the most prevalent blood protein; responsible for actually keeping water in one's bloodstream

Albumin

9

a fast-acting disinfectant that can be wiped on
the skin and allowed to evaporate. Alcohols are more effective when combined with purified water. It has a wide microbicidal activity and is non-corrosive; however, it is not effective against fungal or bacterial spores and has limited activity in the presence of organic material. It is also flammable and has limited residual activity due to evaporation

Alcohol (ethanol or isopropanol)

10

disinfectants that have a wide microbicidal activity and are sporicidal and fungicidal. They are partly inactivated by organic matter and have slight residual
activity

Aldehydes

11

respirations occurring immediately before, just at the moment of, or for up to several minutes after death; agonal breaths are a neurologic reflex

Agonal respirations

12

a hand-held device used to provide ventilation to a patient who is not breathing or who is breathing inadequately

Ambu bag

13

located under the skin bilaterally of the anus in the
perineal area, these sacs hold an odorous scent material that is secreted via ducts at the external rectum when the animal defecates. The purpose of this is to leave their scent on the feces for other animals to recognize

Anal glands or anal sacs

14

drugs that are central nervous system stimulants

Analeptic

15

the terminology used to indicate the anatomical
position of a patient when restrained

Anatomic directional vocabulary

16

hookworms; larvae can cause cutaneous larval migrants in humans and are transferred from dog feces to the soil where the larvae live and can
penetrate the human skin causing infections

Ancylostoma caninum

17

occurs when the brain concentration of anesthetic causes loss of consciousness. It is a controlled, reversible intoxication of the nervous system.
There are three phases of general anesthesia – the first is the induction period, the second is the maintenance period, and the third is the recovery period

Anesthesia

18

a machine that supplies the patient with anesthetic gases and oxygen while removing the carbon dioxide waste that is exhaled

Anesthetic machine

19

drugs that cause loss of sensation with or without the loss of consciousness

Anesthetics

20

a centrifuge head that calls for the specimen tubes to be inserted internally at an angle of approximately 52 degrees

Angled centrifuge head

21

a positively charged electrode, as of an electrolytic cell, storage battery, or electron tube

Anode

22

the region under an animal’s tail, which is the area including the anus and genitalia

Anogenital

23

refusal to eat or drink

Anorexia

24

destroy or cause the expulsion of parasitic intestinal worms; dewormer

Anthelminthics

25

a substance, such as penicillin or streptomycin, produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the
growth of other microorganisms

Antibiotic

26

the term used to describe the susceptibility of pathogens to antibiotics

Antibiotic sensitivity

27

small disease-fighting proteins produced by certain types of cells called b-cells. The proteins are made in response to foreign particles such as bacteria or
viruses. These antibodies bind with certain proteins (antigens) on foreign particles like bacteria to help inactivate them.

Antibody

28

destroy or prevent the growth of fungi

Antifungals

29

drugs that are used to counteract the physiological effects of histamine production in allergic reactions and colds

Antihistamine

30

capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms

Antimicrobial