Flashcards in Animals in Agriculture & Society (1) Deck (38):
Bring wild animals under the control of humans and eventually improve the species by selection, mating, and handling.
What is the goal for domesticating animals?
To provide products and services for humans.
How do animals benefit humans?
Hunting partners, pest control
Pharmaceuticals, health products
Companionship, emotional well-being
Income, storage of capital and food
Why was the dog domesticated?
From what animal did the dog evolve from?
What is the name of the sheep?
Why were sheep domesticated?
Where did sheep come from?
Wild sheep- mouflon and urial.
What is the name of the pig?
Sus scrofa domesticus
From who did the pig evolve from?
European wild pig
What is pig fat used in?
Soap, lubricants, lotion, cooking oils, candlelights, explosives.
Is any of the animal wasted during slaughter?
No. They can't afford to waste.
What is collagen?
Protein in the bones.
It is the most abundant protein in the body of animals.
What is the name of the horse?
Why was the horse domesticated?
Agriculture and work
From who was cattle derived?
Wild in Europe
Which species are phenotypic to the Bos Primigenuis?
Bos indicus, and Bos Taurus
What are the features of the Bos indicus?
Loose skin around sheath, brisket, etc. -it's loose for blood and heat.
Is the Bos indicus more disease resistant?
What is the name for the chicken?
What did the chicken evolve from?
Why are chickens so popular?
Short generation interval
Multiuse- eggs, meat, etc.
What animal is considered aquaculture?
Are aquaculture animals domesticated?
No they are farmed.
What is the definition of Agriculture?
Utilization of biological processes to produce food, fiber, and other products useful for humans.
What is the Morrill Act?
Uses the Northwest Ordinance which authorized the sale of land for educational purposes.
-30,000 acres (for each member of congress) donated to each state.
What is another name for the Morrill Act?
Land Grant College Act of 1862
What did the Morrill Act propose?
Federally owned land to be sold and proceeds hard to establish at least one college in each state.
What was the Morrill Act intended for?
To teach branches of learning that are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts.
And to provide an education to unprivileged.
What was the Hatch Act of 1887?
Land-Grant colleges were to receive federal funding to establish research stations.
What is the thermal neutral zone?
The body temperature that an animal has grown accustomed to.
What is the Smith-Lever Act of 1914?
Provided extension programs such as county offices and 4-H programs.
What is the Smith Hughes Act of 1917?
Provided vocational training in high schools.
What is the growth hormone called?
It is a protein and it absorbs individual amino acids in humans.
Why has there been so much change and growth in animals?
-rBST in cattle
Are chickens mono-gastric?
What are indirect contributions of animal agriculture to food supply?
Maintenance of soil fertility and organic matter
Manure as fuel
Source of cash for use of fertilizer, seed, and food