Animals in Agriculture & Society (1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Animals in Agriculture & Society (1) Deck (38):
1

Domesticate

Bring wild animals under the control of humans and eventually improve the species by selection, mating, and handling.

2

What is the goal for domesticating animals?

To provide products and services for humans.

3

How do animals benefit humans?

Food
Clothing, shelter
Tools, fuel
Draft, transportation
Fertilizer
Recreation, entertainment
Hunting partners, pest control
Protection, service
Pharmaceuticals, health products
Companionship, emotional well-being
Income, storage of capital and food

4

Why was the dog domesticated?

Hunting partner
Work
Company
Protection

5

From what animal did the dog evolve from?

Wolf

6

What is the name of the sheep?

Ovis Aries

7

Why were sheep domesticated?

Clothing
Food
Flock oriented

8

Where did sheep come from?

Wild sheep- mouflon and urial.

9

What is the name of the pig?

Sus scrofa domesticus

10

From who did the pig evolve from?

European wild pig

11

What is pig fat used in?

Soap, lubricants, lotion, cooking oils, candlelights, explosives.

12

Is any of the animal wasted during slaughter?

No. They can't afford to waste.

13

What is collagen?

Protein in the bones.

It is the most abundant protein in the body of animals.

14

What is the name of the horse?

Equus caballus

15

Why was the horse domesticated?

Agriculture and work

16

From who was cattle derived?

Bos Primigenuis
Wild in Europe

17

Which species are phenotypic to the Bos Primigenuis?

Bos indicus, and Bos Taurus

18

What are the features of the Bos indicus?

Big ears
Prominent hump
Loose skin around sheath, brisket, etc. -it's loose for blood and heat.

19

Is the Bos indicus more disease resistant?

Yes

20

What is the name for the chicken?

Gallus domesticus

21

What did the chicken evolve from?

Jungle Fowl

22

Why are chickens so popular?

Short generation interval
Scavengers
Affordable
Multiuse- eggs, meat, etc.

23

What animal is considered aquaculture?

Catfish
Trout
Salmon
Carp
Etc.

24

Are aquaculture animals domesticated?

No they are farmed.

25

What is the definition of Agriculture?

Utilization of biological processes to produce food, fiber, and other products useful for humans.

26

What is the Morrill Act?

Uses the Northwest Ordinance which authorized the sale of land for educational purposes.

-30,000 acres (for each member of congress) donated to each state.

27

What is another name for the Morrill Act?

Land Grant College Act of 1862

28

What did the Morrill Act propose?

Federally owned land to be sold and proceeds hard to establish at least one college in each state.

29

What was the Morrill Act intended for?

To teach branches of learning that are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts.
And to provide an education to unprivileged.

30

What was the Hatch Act of 1887?

Land-Grant colleges were to receive federal funding to establish research stations.

31

What is the thermal neutral zone?

The body temperature that an animal has grown accustomed to.

32

What is the Smith-Lever Act of 1914?

Provided extension programs such as county offices and 4-H programs.

33

What is the Smith Hughes Act of 1917?

Provided vocational training in high schools.

34

What is the growth hormone called?

Somotropin

It is a protein and it absorbs individual amino acids in humans.

35

Why has there been so much change and growth in animals?

Controlled breeding
Hormones
-rBST in cattle

36

Are chickens mono-gastric?

Yes.

37

What are indirect contributions of animal agriculture to food supply?

Draught power
Transport
Maintenance of soil fertility and organic matter
Nutrient recycling
Manure as fuel
Source of cash for use of fertilizer, seed, and food
Food reserve

38

Has modern agriculture become more "green"?

Yes. Land use, gas use, water use- emission of greenhouse gases.