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Flashcards in Ankle and Foot Deck (21):
1

What joints are part of the "ankle"?

talocrural and tibiofibular

2

What joints are part of the rearfoot?

Subtalar and Transverse Tarsal (talonavicular and calcaneocuboid)

3

What joints are part of the midfoot?

transverse tarsal and tarsometatarsal

4

What joints are part of the forefoot?

metatarsophalangeal

5

What foot motion is in the sagittal plane?

DF/PF

6

What foot motion is in the frontal plane?

eversion/inversion

7

What foot motion is in the transverse plane?

abduction/adduction

8

What is valgus allignment at the foot?

decreased medial angle of foot

9

What is varus allignment at the foot?

increased medial angle

10

What is excessive foot PF called?

equinus foot allignment

11

What is excessive foot DF called?

calcaneous foot deformity

12

What is hallux abuctovalgus?

common deformity often seen in those with bunions where big toe points laterally and is rotated

13

When assessing foot posture index what does more negative score indicate? Positive?

increasingly supinated (-)
Increasingly pronated (+)

14

Characteristics of a pronated foot?

midfoot "unlocked"
Foot supple and adaptive
shock absorption

15

Characteristics of a supinated foot?

Midfoot "locked"
Foot rigid
Lever for push-off

16

What breaks in a trimalleolar fx?

Lat. malleolus, med. malleolus and distal posterior tibia

17

What can you use a tuning fork and stethoscope to identify?

fractures (stress fractures); based on sound conduction

18

Six P's of compartment syndrome?

Pain (excessive), paresthesia, pallor, paralysis, pulselessness and pressure

19

How does the ant. talofibular ligament usually get sprained?

PF + inversion with heel off ground

20

How does the ant. talofibular ligament and calcaneofib log as a couple usually get sprained?

PF + inversion with heel on ground

21

How would you sprain the post. Talofibular lig and the syndesmosis? What is this type of sprain called?

Eversion with heel off the ground
or eversion + rotation on a fixed foot.
This is a HIGH ANKLE SPRAIN