Flashcards in Ankle and Foot Deck (21):
What joints are part of the "ankle"?
talocrural and tibiofibular
What joints are part of the rearfoot?
Subtalar and Transverse Tarsal (talonavicular and calcaneocuboid)
What joints are part of the midfoot?
transverse tarsal and tarsometatarsal
What joints are part of the forefoot?
What foot motion is in the sagittal plane?
What foot motion is in the frontal plane?
What foot motion is in the transverse plane?
What is valgus allignment at the foot?
decreased medial angle of foot
What is varus allignment at the foot?
increased medial angle
What is excessive foot PF called?
equinus foot allignment
What is excessive foot DF called?
calcaneous foot deformity
What is hallux abuctovalgus?
common deformity often seen in those with bunions where big toe points laterally and is rotated
When assessing foot posture index what does more negative score indicate? Positive?
increasingly supinated (-)
Increasingly pronated (+)
Characteristics of a pronated foot?
Foot supple and adaptive
Characteristics of a supinated foot?
Lever for push-off
What breaks in a trimalleolar fx?
Lat. malleolus, med. malleolus and distal posterior tibia
What can you use a tuning fork and stethoscope to identify?
fractures (stress fractures); based on sound conduction
Six P's of compartment syndrome?
Pain (excessive), paresthesia, pallor, paralysis, pulselessness and pressure
How does the ant. talofibular ligament usually get sprained?
PF + inversion with heel off ground
How does the ant. talofibular ligament and calcaneofib log as a couple usually get sprained?
PF + inversion with heel on ground