Ankle and Lower Leg injuries Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ankle and Lower Leg injuries Deck (15):
1

sever pain and LOF when passively externally rotated or dorsiflexed
Pain in Lower leg

High Ankle Sprain

2

Extreme Fracture and Swelling
Deformity

Ankle Fracture/Dislocation

3

Sudden Excessive dorsiflexion of the ankle
Acute pain and extreme weakness in plantar flexion

Achilles tendon strain

4

Sudden pushing off action of foot with knee being forced into complete extension
Snap
Toe raising is impossible
Positive Thompson test

Achilles tendon rupture

5

Direct blow from lateral side
Lateral tibial rotation

MCL sprain

6

Joint is stable during Valgus test
No joint effusion
Stiffness
Full PROM and AROM

Grade 1 MCL sprain

7

Slight laxity
Moderate swelling
Moderate to sever joint tightness
Cant extend knee
Loss of PROM

Grade 2 MCL sprain

8

Complete loss of medial stability
Sever pain

Grade 3 MCL sprain

9

Varus Force
Tibial internally rotated
Joint Laxity

LCL sprain

10

Pop
Complaint that knee is shifting
Swelling
Positive Lachmans

ACL tear

11

Fall on bent knee with foot in plantar flexion
Pop
Laxity in posterior sag test

PCL tear

12

Complete seperation of acrtilage and subchondral bone
Aches
Swells recurrently
Locking or catching

Osteochondritis Dissecans

13

Blow against muscles crossing the knee joint
Bruises of the vastus medialis

Joint Contusion

14

Kick or direct blow
local pain
pain radiating down the anterio leg into the foot
Numbness in the foot

Peroneal Nerve Contusion

15

Lateral deviation of the patella as it tracks in the femoral groove
Increased Q angle
IT band tightness
Apprehensive when the patella is forced laterally

Patellofemoral Stress Syndrome