Ankle Joint Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Ankle Joint > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ankle Joint Deck (17):
1

What type of joint is the ankle joint?

Hinge-type synovial joint

2

Which bones make up the ankle joint?

Tibia, fibula and talus

3

What movements are possible at the ankle joint?

Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion

4

What bones make up the subtalar joint?

Talus and calcaneus bones

5

What movements are possible at the subtalar joint?

Eversion and inversion

6

What bones make up the transverse talar joint?

Calcaneus and cuboid
Navicular and talus

7

Why is dorsiflexion more stable than plantarflexion?

In dorsiflexion the widest part of talus (anterior) moves between malleoli - 'better grip'

8

What are the lateral ligaments of the ankle?

Anterior talofibular, posterior talofibular and calcaneofibular

9

What is the other name for the medial ligament?

Deltoid ligament

10

What makes up the medial/deltoid ligament?

Tibiocalcaneal, tibionavicular, anterior tibiotalar and posterior tibiotalar parts

11

Are most ankle sprains inversion or eversion injuries?

Inversion

12

What is hallux abducto valgus?

Bunion
Medial deviation of first metatarsal and lateral deviation of hallux

13

What are the arches of the foot called?

Medial longitudinal arch, lateral longitudinal arch and transverse arch

14

How are the arches in the foot supported passively?

By ligaments and shape of bones

15

How are the arches in the foot supported dynamically?

Intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the foot

16

What is pes plantus?

Longitudinal arches haven't developed properly

17

What is a Lisfranc injury?

Disruption of bones in midfoot
Metatarsals are no longer aligned with cuneiforms