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Flashcards in Anorectal Conditions Deck (11)
1

What are common presentations in anorectal conditions?

Pain
Haemorrhage
Dysfunction

2

Give 3 congenital anorectal abnormalities

Imperforate anus
Uro-genital fistulae
Hirschprung's Myenteric Plexus Deficiency

3

Give some acquired ano-rectal abnormalities

Haemorrhoids
Fissure
Abscess
Fistula
Ulceration
Cancer
Control of continence

4

What may cause anal ulceration?

Crohn's disease
Malignancy
Syphilis "Chancre"
Nicorandil

5

What is the procedure for prolapse and haemorhoids (PPH)?

Stapled Anopexy

6

What are the medical treatments for anal fissure?

Topical Nitric Oxide
0.2% Glyceral Trinitrate Paste
2% Diltiazem Calcium Blocker

7

What are the surgical treatments for anal fissure?

Internal lateral sphincterotomy

8

How do you treat perianal abcess?

Incision and drainage

9

How do you treat Anal squamous cancer?

Radiotherapy

10

How do you treat rectal adenocarcinoma

Neo adjuvant ChemoRad
Laparoscopic Resection

11

What surgery can help with Fecal incontinance?

Sacral Nerve Root Stimulator Implant
-Implant trial then permanent implant