Anterior Compartment of the Thigh Flashcards Preview

SF1 > Anterior Compartment of the Thigh > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anterior Compartment of the Thigh Deck (37):
1

fascia lata

where

what is in it

anterior thigh fascia

thick

where great saphenous vein is

2

medial malleolus and grat saphenous vein relationship

great sap vin is superficial to anterior of medial malleous

3

what is saphenous opening

hole in fascia lata
-where great sap vein ends in femoral vein

4

femoral vein

end of great sap vein proximal

starts distally in saphenous opening

5

illotibial tract

what is it

where is it

whats in it

thickening of fascia lata

lateral aspect of thigh

stretches from iliac crest to lateral condyle of tibia

tensor fasciae latae

6

tensor fasciae late where is it/attachments

anterior iliac spine

iliotibial tract

7

tensor fasciae latae innervation

superior gluteal nerve
l4-s1

8

tensor fasciae latae actions

tense fascia lata

abduct, flex, internally rotate femur at hip

9

what innervates all muscles on anterior thigh

femoral nerve l2-3

10

what four muscles make up quadriceps femoris

what makes them different
-other muscle in there

rectus femoirs-middle

vastus lateralis-lateral
-sartorius also in here and more lateral/thinner and starts much higher

vastus medialis-medial

vastus intermedius-deep????

11

sartorius attachments and innervation

anterior iliac spine

tibial tuberosity together with gracilis and semitendinosus muscles

femoral l2-4

12

sartorius actions

fle, abduct, and extremely rotate femur at hip

flex and internally rotate leg at knee

13

Rectus Femurs attachments/innervation

anterior ifnerior iliac spine and roof of acetabulum

tibial tuberosity via paterallar ligament

femoral nerve l2-4

14

Rectus Femurs action

flex femur at hip joint

extend knee at knee joint

15

vastus lateralis attachemnts/innervation

lateral lip of line aspera and lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur

tibial tuberosty via patellar ligament and
both sides of tuberosity on the medial and lateral condyles of tibia via medial and longitudinal patellar retinacula

femoral l2-4

16

vastus lateralis actions

extend leg at knee joint

17

vastus medals attachments/innervation

medial lip of line aspera and interechanteric line

tibial tubersoty via patellar liagemnts and onto both sides of tuberosity on medial and lateral condyles of tibia via medial and longitudinal patellar retinacula

femoral nerve l2-4

18

vastus medialus actions

extend leg at knee joint

19

vastus intermdius attachments/innervation

anterior side of femoral shaft

tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament

femoral nerve l2-4

20

vastus intermedius actions

extend leg at knee joint

21

what attaches to patellar tendon

where does it go

all 4 parts of quad

passes to the patella

22

patellar ligament comes from

attaches to

patellar tendon

continuation of quad tendon past patella to attachment on tibial tuberoisty

23

femoral triangle

roof

superior border

lateral border

medial border

floor-laterally
and medially

roof-=fascia late

superior-inguinal ligament

lateral-sartorius

medial-adductor longus

lateral floor-iliopsoas

medial floor-pectineus

24

ilipsoas attachments

psoas
-lateral surfaces of t12 to l4 introvert disks and spinous processes of l1 to l5 vert
-lesser trochanter of femur

ilicus
-iliac fossa
-lesser trochanter of femur

25

iliopsoas innervation

psoas-lumbar plexus l2 to l4

ilicus-femoral nerve l2-4

26

iliopsoas actions

flex and externally rotate femur at hip joint

unilaterally-femur fixed-acts to bend trunk laterally to same side

bilaterally-rause trunk from supine position

27

pectineus attachments

pectin pubis

pectineal line and proximal line aspera

28

pectineus innervation

femoral nerve and obtrutar nerve

l2 and 3

29

pectineus actions

adduct, externally rotate, and slightly flex femur at hip joint

stabilize pelvis in coronal and sagittal planes

30

contents offemoral triangle from lateral to medial

femoral nerve

femoral artery

femoral vein

31

what does femoral nerve do

provide motor and sensory innervation to structures in anterior compartment

32

what is femoral sheath
-how divided
-what in compartments

extension of transversalis fascia from abdomen

-lateral-femoral artery

intermediate-femoral vein

medial-femoral canal-fat and lyphatics

33

branches of femoral artery +a little about them

profonda (deep) femoral artery-chief artery of thigh

medial femoral circumflex-from femoral or profound femoral
-passes medially between pecans and iliopsoas muscles

lateral femoral circumflex-braces off deep femoral artery
-gives off ascending and descending brancehes

34

what is under sartorius

what occurs here

whats in here

subsartorial (adductor canal)

atherosclerotic lesions
-decreased blood flow to legs

saphenous nerve

femoral artery and vein

35

where does saphenous nerve come from

femoral nerve

36

where do femoral artery and vein go to

disppear in adductor hiatus (defecincy of tendon of adductor magnus

enter popliteal fossa

become popliteal artery and vein

37

what is adductor hiatus

deficiency of adductor magnus tendon

femoral artery and vein disappear through here

makes small canal type thing for femoral artery and vein to go through before hit popilital fossa