Gluteal Region Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gluteal Region Deck (29):
1

Gluteal maximus attachments

dorsal surface of sacrum, gluteal surface of ilium, thracombular fascia, and sacrotuberous ligament

superior-iliotibial tract

inferior-gluteal tuberosity

2

Gluteal maximus innervation

inferior gluteal nerve
l5-s2

3

Gluteal maximus actions

extend and externally rotate the femur at hip joint in sagittal and coronal planes

superior-abduct femus at hip joint

inferior-adduct femur at hip joint

4

gluteal medius attachments

gluteal surface of iium below iliac crest between anterior and posterior gluteal line

lateral surface of greater trochatnter of femur

5

gluteal medius innervation

gluteal nerve l4-s1

6

gluteal medius actions

abducts femur at hip joint and stabilizes pelvis coronally

anerior-flex and internally rotate femur at hip joint

posterior extent and externally rotate femur at hip joint`

7

piriformis attachments what it looks like

originates from pelvic surface of sacrum

inserts into apex of greater trochanter of femur

pear shaped

8

piriformis innervation

sacral pleux s1/s2

9

piriformis actions

externally, rotate, abduct, and extend femur at hip joint

act to stabilize the hip joint

10

where does...
superior gluteal vessels and nerve

inferior gluteal vessels and nerve

large sciatic nerve

posterior femoral cutaneous nerve+where compared to sciatic nerve

emerge from pelvis superior to piriformis

emerges from pelvis inferior to the piriformis x3

medial to sciatic nerve

11

Obturator internus attachments

inner surface of obturator membrane

medial surface of greater trochanter of femur

12

Obturator internus innervation

sacral plexus l5-s1

13

Obturator internus actions

externally rotate and extend femur at hip joint

abdects or adducts femur at hip joint depending on position of joint

14

gemellus superior attachments

ischial spine

medial surface of greater trochanter of femur

15

gemellus superior innervation

sacral plexus l5, s1

16

gemellus superior actions

externaly rotate and extend femur at hip joint

abduct or adduct femur at hip joint depending on position of joint

17

gemellus inferior attachents

ischial tuberoisty

medial surface of greater trochatnter of femur

18

gemellus inferior innervations

sacral plexus l5, s1

19

gemellus inferior actions

externally rotate and extend femur at hip joint

also abducts or adducts femur at hip depending on position of joint

20

quadratus femoris attachments

lateral border of ischial tuberosity

intertrochanteric crest of femur

21

quadratus femoris innervation

sacral plexus l5-d1

22

quadratus femoris actions

externally rotate and extend femur at hip joint

23

order of hip to leg muscles from superior to inferior

and big three that rally connect

piriformis

gemellus superior and inferior

quadratus femoris

gluteus medus-superior

gluteus minimus-more inferior

gluteus maximus-inferior and to sacrum

24

where is sacratuberous ligaments
-what connect to

-superficial to what

connected tobase of spine

ONLY TENDON ATTACHING to SPINE FOR LEG

superfical to gemellus superior

25

where is sacrospnasous ligament
-deep to what

sacratuberous ligament

26

internal pudendal vessels and pudendal nerve

between sacrotuberous and sacrospinous

cross under sacrospinous ligament (picture says under) text says over

27

gluteus minimus

where is it/attachments

under gluteus medius

gluteal surface of ilium just below origin of gluteus medius

inserts onto anterolateral surface of greater trocahter of femur

28

gluteus minumus innervation

superior gluteal nerve

l4-s1

29

gluteus minumus actions

all-abduct femur at hip joint and stabilize pelvis in coronal plane

anterior-flex and internally rotate femur at hip joint

posterior-extend and externaly rotate femur at hip joint